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Collection is an interface

The TreeSet class implements the SortedSet interface, which extends the Set interface, which in turn extends the Collection interface. Thus, a TreeSet object is a Collection . Therefore, a reference to a TreeSet object can be stored in a reference variable of type Collection , and can be treated as the generic type Collection .

What is a TreeSet object?

Among other things, in CS2 courses, we worry about the time and memory cost of a collection. According to Sun, the TreeSet class guarantees that the sorted set will be in ascending element order, and provides guaranteed log(n)time cost for the basic operations ( add , remove and contains ).

What does ascending element order mean?

Again, according to Sun, the elements will be sorted according to the natural order of the elements (see the Comparable interface) or by a comparator (see the Comparator interface) provided at the time the set is created. This depends on which overloaded constructor is used. I will have moreto say about these alternatives in a future module.

What does log(n) time cost mean?

I'm not going to try to explain the details of log(n) time cost here. Suffice it to say that the add , remove , and contains methods execute very fast. (I will have more to say about this is a future module.)

A TreeSet object is a Set

An object of the TreeSet class also is a Set . One of the characteristics of a Java Set (an object that implements the Set interface) is that it can contain no duplicate elements. Therefore, a TreeSet object can contain no duplicate elements. If the add method of a TreeSet object is called in an attempt to add a duplicate element, the element will not be added.

A TreeSet object is a SortedSet

The TreeSet class also implements the SortedSet interface. This guarantees that the contents of a TreeSet object will be in ascending element order, regardless of the order in which the elements are added. (In a future module, I will discuss how comparisons are made to enforce theordering of the elements.)

A TreeSet object is a Collection

Because an object of the TreeSet class is a Collection , a reference to such an object can be passed to any method that requires anincoming parameter of type Collection . The receiving method can call anymethod on that reference that is declared in the Collection interface . (I will discuss such methods in detail in future modules.)

Populate the Collection

The statement in Listing 2 passes the TreeSet object's reference to a method named fillIt , which is a static method of the Populator class. (The Populator class is a class of my own design whose only purpose is to illustrate the polymorphic behavior achieved using the CollectionsFramework.) The behavior of this method is to add elements to the incoming Collection object without regard for the actual type of the object (the class from which the object was instantiated).

Listing 2 . Populate the collection.
Populator.fillIt(ref);

At this point, I am going to discuss the fillIt method of the Populator class called in Listing 2 . The entire class definition of the Populator class, including the fillit method, is shown in Listing 3 .

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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