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You can later retrieve the values that you have stored there by referring to the pigeonhole by its nickname ( identifier ). You can also store a different value in the pigeonhole later if you desire.

The concept of type

Strongly typed languages

One of the main differences between Python and programming languages such as Java and C++ is the concept of type .

In strongly-typed languages like Java and C++, variables not only have a name, they also have a type. The type determines the kind of data that you can store in thepigeonhole.

It is probably more correct to say that the type determines the values that you can store there and the operations (addition, subtraction, etc.) that you can perform on those values.

Python is not strongly typed

One of the characteristics that makes Python easier to use than Java is the fact that with Python you don't have to be concerned about the type of avariable. Python takes care of type issues for you behind the scenes. However that ease of use comes with some costs attached.

Declaration of variables

Another difference between Python and Java is that with Java, you must declare variables before you can use them. Declaration of variables is not required with Python.

With Python, if you need a variable, you simply come up with a name and start using it as a variable.

Dangerous curves ahead !

With this convenience comes some danger. You can only have one variable with the same name within the same scope (I will discuss scope in a future module) .

Don't use the same name for two variables

With Python, if you unintentionally use the same name for two or more variables, the first will be overwritten by the second. This can lead to program bugs that aredifficult to find and fix.

A more subtle danger

A more subtle danger is that you create a variable that you intend to use more than once and you spell it incorrectly in one of those uses. This can be anextremely difficult problem to find and fix. I will illustrate what I mean by this later with a sample program.

Rules for identifiers

The name for a variable must follow the naming rules for identifiers that you will find in the Python Language Reference -- 2.3. Identifiers and keywords .

Give me the rules in plain English

The notation used in the Python Language Reference to define the naming rules is a little complicated, so I will try to interpret it for you.

Allowable characters

I believe that the Python Language Reference -- 2.3. Identifiers and keywords is saying that identifiers must begin with either a letter or an underscore character. Following that, you can use anunlimited sequence of letters (uppercase A through Z or lowercase a through z) , numbers (0 through 9) , or underscore characters.

Note that although the underscore character is allowed, it has special meaning in Python. I recommend that you do not use the underscorecharacter for the identifiers that you create.

Case is significant

The letters can be uppercase or lowercase, and case is significant. In other words, the identifier Ax is not the same as the identifier aX .

Questions & Answers

marginal cost formula
Nandu Reply
you should differentiate the total cost function in order to get marginal cost function then you can get marginal cost from it
boniphace
What about total cost
Foday
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Foday
formula of cross elasticity of demand
Theresia Reply
what is ceteris paribus
Priyanka Reply
what is ceteris parabus
Priyanka
Ceteris paribus - Literally, "other things being equal"; usually used in economics to indicate that all variables except the ones specified are assumed not to change.
Abdullah
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scor
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scor
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scor
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kafui
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scor
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scor
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amarsyaheed Reply
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Philo
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Frank
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Frank
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owusu
what is production possibility frontier
owusu
it's a summary of opportunity cost depicted on a curve.
okhiria
please help me solve this question with the aid of appropriate diagrams explain how each of the following changes will affect the market price and quantity of bread 1. A
Manuela Reply
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Humaira
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Mannan
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igwe Reply
disaster management cycle
Gogul Reply
cooperate social responsibility
igwe
Fedric Wilson Taylor also define management as the act of knowing what to do and seeing that it is done in the best and cheapest way
OLANIYI
difference between microeconomics and macroeconomic
Ugyen Reply
microeconomics is the study of individual units, firm and government while macroeconomics is the study of the economic aggregates.
okhiria
The classical theory of full employment
Lovely
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Adzaho Reply
the situation that prevails when economic forces balance so that economic variables neither increase nor decrease
Bombey
what is equilibrium
Kabir
what are the important of economic to accounting students with references
salihu Reply
Economics is important because it helps people understand how a variety of factors work with and against each other to control how resources such as labor and capital get used, and how inflation, supply, demand, interest rates and other factors determine how much you pay for goods and services.
Muhammad
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government provide good road for than
Abigailb
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ALIMAMY
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Agbor
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contribution of Adam smith in economics
abel Reply
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Patrick
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Effah Reply
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Isaac Reply
Is the degree to the degree of responsiveness of a change in quantity supplied of goods to a change in price
Afran
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Humaira
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scor
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scor
the proces of using the services of labor and equipmnt together with other in puts to make goods and services availble
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Source:  OpenStax, Itse 1359 introduction to scripting languages: python. OpenStax CNX. Jan 22, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11713/1.32
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