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A grand challenge for the humanities and social sciences

In the 1970s experimental networks emerged from the university and were, at first gingerly, picked up by thegeneral public. At this stage the most interesting applications for these networks came out of the university world: the Ethernetprotocol was developed in Robert Metcalfe’s (initially unsuccessful) Harvard dissertation (1973); twenty years later, inApril 1993, Mosaic―the first graphical web browser, from which are descended all other browsers that we use today―was released fromthe National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. In the next year, Webtraffic grew at an annual rate of 341,634%.

Hobbes' Internet Timeline v8.0 (External Link) .
By 2004, just about a decade after Mosaic, the networks had becomecompletely public in nature, and they are now thoroughly naturalized by the public. According to the Pew Internet&American Life Project, more than 60% of Americans are online:

On a typical day at the end of 2004, some 70 million American adults logged onto the Internet to use email, getnews, access government information, check out health and medical information, participate in auctions, book travel reservations,research their genealogy, gamble, seek out romantic partners and engage in countless other activities. That represents a 37%increase from the 52 million adults who were online on an average day in 2000 when the Pew Internet&American Life Project began its study of online life. . . . The Web has become the “new normal”in the American way of life; those who don’t go online constitute an ever-shrinking minority.

By 2005, the Pew Survey reports, the percentage of American adults online had increased—in one year—from60% to 73%.

But it is teenagers (12-17) who have the highest share of Internetparticipation (87% are online): they regard e-mail as “something for ‘old people,’” and they have “embraced the online applicationsthat enable communicative, creative, and social uses. [They] aresignificantly more likely than older users to send and receive instant messages, play online games, create blogs, download music,and search for school information.”

The challenge for scholars and teachers is to ensure that they engage this outpouring of creative energy, seizethis openness to learning, and lead rather than follow in the design of this new cultural infrastructure. And, in fact, over thelast fifty years, a small but growing number of scholars in the humanities and social sciences have been using digital tools andtechnologies with increasing sophistication and innovation, transforming their practices of collaboration and communication.Some have been true media pioneers, testing the limits of the systems, policies, and funding sources that support digitalscholarship. These digital groundbreakers have provided breathtaking views into what could be achieved with a more robusthumanities and social science cyberinfrastructure. What new heights would be reached if a leveraged, coordinated investment, asoutlined in this report, were undertaken?

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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