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A grand challenge for the humanities and social sciences

In the 1970s experimental networks emerged from the university and were, at first gingerly, picked up by thegeneral public. At this stage the most interesting applications for these networks came out of the university world: the Ethernetprotocol was developed in Robert Metcalfe’s (initially unsuccessful) Harvard dissertation (1973); twenty years later, inApril 1993, Mosaic―the first graphical web browser, from which are descended all other browsers that we use today―was released fromthe National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. In the next year, Webtraffic grew at an annual rate of 341,634%.

Hobbes' Internet Timeline v8.0 (External Link) .
By 2004, just about a decade after Mosaic, the networks had becomecompletely public in nature, and they are now thoroughly naturalized by the public. According to the Pew Internet&American Life Project, more than 60% of Americans are online:

On a typical day at the end of 2004, some 70 million American adults logged onto the Internet to use email, getnews, access government information, check out health and medical information, participate in auctions, book travel reservations,research their genealogy, gamble, seek out romantic partners and engage in countless other activities. That represents a 37%increase from the 52 million adults who were online on an average day in 2000 when the Pew Internet&American Life Project began its study of online life. . . . The Web has become the “new normal”in the American way of life; those who don’t go online constitute an ever-shrinking minority.

By 2005, the Pew Survey reports, the percentage of American adults online had increased—in one year—from60% to 73%.

But it is teenagers (12-17) who have the highest share of Internetparticipation (87% are online): they regard e-mail as “something for ‘old people,’” and they have “embraced the online applicationsthat enable communicative, creative, and social uses. [They] aresignificantly more likely than older users to send and receive instant messages, play online games, create blogs, download music,and search for school information.”

The challenge for scholars and teachers is to ensure that they engage this outpouring of creative energy, seizethis openness to learning, and lead rather than follow in the design of this new cultural infrastructure. And, in fact, over thelast fifty years, a small but growing number of scholars in the humanities and social sciences have been using digital tools andtechnologies with increasing sophistication and innovation, transforming their practices of collaboration and communication.Some have been true media pioneers, testing the limits of the systems, policies, and funding sources that support digitalscholarship. These digital groundbreakers have provided breathtaking views into what could be achieved with a more robusthumanities and social science cyberinfrastructure. What new heights would be reached if a leveraged, coordinated investment, asoutlined in this report, were undertaken?

Questions & Answers

anyone have book of Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf book in pdf Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis
Naeem Reply
what happen with The nano material on The deep space.?
pedro Reply
It could change the whole space science.
the characteristics of nano materials can be studied by solving which equation?
sibaram Reply
plz answer fast
synthesis of nano materials by chemical reaction taking place in aqueous solvents under high temperature and pressure is call?
hydrothermal synthesis
how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
STM - Scanning Tunneling Microscope.
How we are making nano material?
Some times this process occur naturally. if not, nano engineers build nano materials. they have different physical and chemical properties.
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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