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EKONOMIESE EN BESTUURSWETENSKAPPE

Graad 4

HOE MENSE ‘N BESTAAN VOER

Module 4

DIENSLEWERING, VERVAARDIGING EN GEBRUIK

  1. Die openbare- en privaatsektor

Die instansies wat dienste lewer, kan in twee groepe verdeel word:

(a)die openbare sektor

Hiermee verstaan ons al die besighede wat deur die staat befonds en bestuur word. Die staat is hoofsaaklik verantwoordelik vir dienste soos onderwys (skole), gesondheid (hospitale) en veiligheid (polisie), maar lewer ook dienste soos telekommunikasie (Telkom) en vervoer (Transnet). Hierdie sektor lewer elke dag ‘n groot klomp dienste waarvoor hulle baie geld benodig, en dit is waarom die inwoners van die land belasting moet betaal op hul inkomste en produkte wat gekoop word. Hierdie belasting moet dan aan die regering oorhandig word. Gesels ‘n bietjie met jou ouers oor die gedeelte van hul inkomste wat hul maandeliks/jaarliks aan die staat moet afstaan vir inkomstebelasting. Dan word daar ook belasting betaal op die meeste verbruiksartikels wat ons koop (BTW).

(b) Die privaatsektor

Dit is die individue en groepe wat hul eie besighede besit. Dit sluit in privaathospitale, privaatskole, winkels, vervoernetwerke (SAL&taxi’s) , beskerming (gewapende reaksiegroepe), ens.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om tussen die openbare en privaatsektor te onderskei [LU 4.3]

  1. Is jou skool deel van die openbare of privaatsektor?

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  1. Watter van jou en jou gesin se daaglikse behoeftes word deur die onderskeie sektore bedien?
Privaatsektor Openbare sektor
Bv. vervoer Bv. poswese
8.
  1. Wat is belasting?

Skryf voorbeelde neer van vervoer in jou omgewing en klassifiseer dit in die volgende tabelle:

Openbare sektor Privaatsektor

2. Vervaardiging en verbruik

Alle huishoudings verbruik produkte. Daardie produkte moet deur die produsent geproduseer (vervaardig) word. Die bakkery bak brood sodat die huisgesin daagliks van hul stapelvoedsel voorsien kan word. Om die mens (verbruiker) se behoeftes te bevredig, moet die produsent besluit watter produkte om te produseer. Die verbruiker vra sekere goedere aan en die produsent bied dit dan aan – VRAAG en AANBOD. Hoe meer ons ‘n produk benodig, hoe groter word die vraag daarna. So is die vraag na kompakskyfspelers groter as die vraag na outydse draaitafels.

Die entrepreneur wat ‘n sukses van sy besigheid wil maak, moet derhalwe die mark (behoefte van die verbruiker) baie goed bestudeer om seker te maak dat dit wat hy/sy wil verkoop, in aanvraag is en goed kan kompeteer met soortgelyke produkte.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om intrepreneurskennis toe te pas [LU 4.4]

Bestudeer die volgende skets van ‘n skoolmarkdag en beantwoord die vrae:

  1. Watter produkte op die skets word slegs een keer gebruik en dan nie weer nie?

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  1. Watter produkte word herhaaldelik deur julle gesin gebruik?

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  1. Watter produkte is duidelik in aanvraag by julle gesinslede?

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  1. Vir watter produkte is daar nie ‘n groot aanvraag in julle gesin nie?

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  1. Watter produk mis jy op hierdie skets? Watter leemte is daar in die mark vir jou as ‘n entrepreneur wat vinnig wil besigheid doen?

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Baie geluk!

Jy begin sommer al klaar dink soos ‘n regte entrepreneur!!

In die volgende twee modules gaan ons kyk hoe jy ‘n entrepreneur kan word.

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 4: ENTREPRENEURSKENNIS EN –VAARDIGHEDE

Die leerder is in staat om entrepreneurskennis, -vaardighede en -houdings te ontwikkel.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder:

  • onderskei tussen die entrepreneursaksies van koop, verkoop en produseer;
  • neem deel aan ‘n kermis of markdag by die skool en pas entrepreneurskennis en –vaardighede toe.

Memorandum

Bladsye 1 en 2

Onderskei tussen die openbare en privaatsektor aan die hand van voorbeelde uit leerders se eie lewe. Neem die leiding.

Bladsye 3 en 4

Gesels inleidend oor die vraag-/aanbodkonsep. Maak dan afleidings oor die vraag na sekere artikels op ’n markdag.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11085/1.1
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