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Thus, music’s remarkable emotional power may arise via its ability to simultaneously engage multiple emotional mechanisms in our brains. While none of these mechanisms is unique to music, music may be unique in the way it temporally activates and coordinates these mechanisms. The result is a complex emotional experience that can differ from our ordinary day-to-day emotions. This might help explain reports of “music-specific” or “aesthetic” emotions (Zentner et al., 2008), which seem qualitatively distinct from basic emotions associated with survival, such as happiness, sadness, fear, or anger.

6.2 ritual efficacy

All human cultures have rituals, and music provides a very useful framework for certain types of rituals, independent of the emotional impact of the music per se . This is because music provides a structure that can easily be repeated on different occasions, and because musical behaviors are distinct from our ordinary communication. In modern culture, the group singing of “Happy Birthday” provides a familiar example. The performance and appreciation of this song is typically not concerned with the aesthetic or emotional qualities of the music. Rather, the song serves as a ritual that effectively means “we collectively recognize and celebrate your birthday.”

6.3 mnemonic efficacy

In addition to emotion and ritual, music often provides an important mnemonic device for storing long sequences of linguistic information, especially when written language is not available (Sloboda, 1985). In this regard, it is notable that music and song are part of most of the world’s ancient oral traditions, e.g., epics and religious chants from diverse civilizations (Rubin, 1995). In our own culture, a familiar example of the mnemonic efficacy of music is the alphabet song, a tune used by many children to learn the order of letters in the alphabet. One indication of music’s remarkable power to enter into human memory comes from clinical research with Alzheimer’s patients. Experiments with such patients indicate that memory of songs is retained in substantial detail, even in the face of significant loss of episodic memories concerning the patient’s own life (Cuddy and Duffin, 2005). The neural mechanisms behind music’s mnemonic efficacy are in need of systematic research.

7. a darwinian perspective on the biological study of music

Evolutionary discussions of music originate with Darwin, so it is fitting to end this essay with a comment on the relevance of Darwin’s thinking to the current proposal. TTM theory proposes that music is an invention that builds on a diverse range of brain functions and has the ability to shape those functions. Thus, TTM theory, unlike Darwin’s theory of music, is nonadaptationist. Yet it is thoroughly Darwinian in its focus on comparative biological research. As illustrated by section 3 (“Music as a human invention”), TTM theory grows from studies comparing music processing to brain processing in other domains (such as language) and studies comparing music processing to auditory processing in other species. TTM theory is thus committed to using Darwinian research methods to explore the neurobiological foundations of human music.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Emerging disciplines: shaping new fields of scholarly inquiry in and beyond the humanities. OpenStax CNX. May 13, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11201/1.1
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