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Thus, music’s remarkable emotional power may arise via its ability to simultaneously engage multiple emotional mechanisms in our brains. While none of these mechanisms is unique to music, music may be unique in the way it temporally activates and coordinates these mechanisms. The result is a complex emotional experience that can differ from our ordinary day-to-day emotions. This might help explain reports of “music-specific” or “aesthetic” emotions (Zentner et al., 2008), which seem qualitatively distinct from basic emotions associated with survival, such as happiness, sadness, fear, or anger.

6.2 ritual efficacy

All human cultures have rituals, and music provides a very useful framework for certain types of rituals, independent of the emotional impact of the music per se . This is because music provides a structure that can easily be repeated on different occasions, and because musical behaviors are distinct from our ordinary communication. In modern culture, the group singing of “Happy Birthday” provides a familiar example. The performance and appreciation of this song is typically not concerned with the aesthetic or emotional qualities of the music. Rather, the song serves as a ritual that effectively means “we collectively recognize and celebrate your birthday.”

6.3 mnemonic efficacy

In addition to emotion and ritual, music often provides an important mnemonic device for storing long sequences of linguistic information, especially when written language is not available (Sloboda, 1985). In this regard, it is notable that music and song are part of most of the world’s ancient oral traditions, e.g., epics and religious chants from diverse civilizations (Rubin, 1995). In our own culture, a familiar example of the mnemonic efficacy of music is the alphabet song, a tune used by many children to learn the order of letters in the alphabet. One indication of music’s remarkable power to enter into human memory comes from clinical research with Alzheimer’s patients. Experiments with such patients indicate that memory of songs is retained in substantial detail, even in the face of significant loss of episodic memories concerning the patient’s own life (Cuddy and Duffin, 2005). The neural mechanisms behind music’s mnemonic efficacy are in need of systematic research.

7. a darwinian perspective on the biological study of music

Evolutionary discussions of music originate with Darwin, so it is fitting to end this essay with a comment on the relevance of Darwin’s thinking to the current proposal. TTM theory proposes that music is an invention that builds on a diverse range of brain functions and has the ability to shape those functions. Thus, TTM theory, unlike Darwin’s theory of music, is nonadaptationist. Yet it is thoroughly Darwinian in its focus on comparative biological research. As illustrated by section 3 (“Music as a human invention”), TTM theory grows from studies comparing music processing to brain processing in other domains (such as language) and studies comparing music processing to auditory processing in other species. TTM theory is thus committed to using Darwinian research methods to explore the neurobiological foundations of human music.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
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Source:  OpenStax, Emerging disciplines: shaping new fields of scholarly inquiry in and beyond the humanities. OpenStax CNX. May 13, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11201/1.1
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