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As discussed in 4.1 – Chapter 4, before TNU oral tests are actually administered, no discussion taking place to reach agreement on how to mark each question/task among the group of assessors is proved to also affect test reliability. It would thus be strongly advisable that the English Section should potentially hold just a short standardisation meeting in order to ensure that enough discussion will take place for all examiners to understand thoroughly the level scale and the procedures for scoring. Of course, at this meeting the level scale (discussed in 5.2.3) and the marking key for each test task (discussed in 5.2.5) are really needed. As such a meeting is possible, it will help to increase test reliability. supportive test taking environment

As mentioned in 4.1 – Chapter 4, most of the speaking tests have taken place in noisy rooms, which surely affects students’ test performance and thus reduces reliability of the tests. Therefore, in order to ensure that a test is reliable, it is crucial to maintain a supportive environment throughout the test. In particular, examiners and administrators should avoid distractions due to temperature, noise, excessive movement, and so on, and provide a comfortable room for those students waiting for their turn. In my opinion, it would be feasible for TNU to maintain such a testing environment. use of test results for teaching evaluation

At TNU, as previously described and analysed, students’ test scores have never been used to either determine the effectiveness of instructional programs or make any improvement in teachers’ teaching methods and materials, which reveals that TNU staff do not exploit test potential and usefulness to improve their teaching as well as their testing. This sub-section hence aims at helping the concerned staff to develop a plan for teaching evaluation based on test scores collected.

In particular, teachers should first keep a list of scores in order to evaluate students’ achievement in general, i.e. to find out whether the instruction has helped students develop this skill. Then they should specify typical problems impeding the majority of students’ performance during test administration in order to find out suitable strategies to promote effective learning, i.e. to modify teaching methods and materials.

With the test scores, as Madsen (1983, p. 5) maintains, teachers might well ask themselves whether their teaching is effective, which is particularly suggested using the following questions:

‘1. Are my lessons on the right levels? Or am I aiming my instruction too low or too high?

2. Am I teaching some skills effectively but others less effectively?

3. What areas do we need more work on? Which points need reviewing?

4. Should I spend more (or less) time on this material with next year’s students?’

And test administration can ‘provide insights into ways that we can improve the evaluation process itself.’

‘1.Were the test instructions clear?

2. Did the test cause unnecessary anxiety or resentment?

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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