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2.2. critical contexts

2.2.1. knowledge representation

Other important critical contexts within which REKn is situated arise out of theories and methodologies associated with the emerging field of digital humanities. When considering a definition of the field, Willard McCarty warns that we cannot “rest content with the comfortably simple definition of humanities computing as the application of the computer to the disciplines of the humanities ,” for to do so “fails us by deleting the agent-scholar from the scene” and “by overlooking the mediation of thought that his or her use of the computer implies” (1998: n. pag.). After McCarty, Ray Siemens and Christian Vandendorpe suggest that digital humanities or “humanities computing” as a research area “is best defined loosely, as the intersection of computational methods and humanities scholarship” (2006: xii). See also Rockwell (1999).

A foundation for current work in humanities computing is knowledge representation , which John Unsworth has described as an “interdisciplinary methodology that combines logic and ontology to produce models of human understanding that are tractable to computation” (2001: n. pag.). While fundamentally based on digital algorithms, as Unsworth has noted, knowledge representation privileges traditionally held values associated with the liberal arts and humanities, namely: general intelligence about human pursuits and the human social/societal environment; adaptable, creative, analytical thinking; critical reasoning, argument, and logic; and the employment and conveyance of these in and through human communicative processes (verbal and non-verbal communication) and other processes native to the humanities (publication, presentation, dissemination). With respect to the activities of the computing humanist, Siemens and Vandendorpe suggest that knowledge representation “manifests itself in issues related to archival representation and textual editing, high-level interpretive theory and criticism, and protocols of knowledge transfer—all as modeled with computational techniques” (2006: xii).

2.2.2. professional reading and modeling

A primary protocol of knowledge transfer in the field of the humanities is reading. However, there is a substantial difference between the reading practices of humanists and those readers outside of academe—put simply, humanists are professional readers. As John Guillory has suggested, there are four characteristics of professional reading that distinguish it from the practice of lay reading:

First of all, it is a kind of work , a labor requiring large amounts of time and resources. This labor is compensated as such, by a salary. Second, it is a disciplinary activity, that is, it is governed by conventions of interpretation and protocols of research developed over many decades. These techniques take years to acquire; otherwise we would not award higher degrees to those who succeed in mastering them. Third, professional reading is vigilant ; it stands back from the experience of pleasure in reading […] so that the experience of reading does not begin and end in the pleasure of consumption, but gives rise to a certain sustained reflection. And fourth, this reading is a communal practice. Even when the scholar reads in privacy, this act of reading is connected in numerous ways to communal scenes; and it is often dedicated to the end of a public and publishable “reading” (2000: 31-32).

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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