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In other words, the social theory of text rejected the notion of individual literary authority in favor of a model where social processes of production disperse that authority. According to this view, the literary “text” is not solely the product of authorial intention, but the result of interventions by many agents (such as copyists, printers, publishers) and material processes (such as revision, adaptation, publication). In practical terms, the social theory of text revised the role of the textual scholar and editor, who (no longer concerned with authorial intention) instead focused on recovering the “social history” of a text—that is, the multiple and variable forms of a text that emerge out of these various and varied processes of mediation, revision, and adaptation. As with New Historicism, it is outside the purview of this article to critically evaluate the claims of social textual theory. Interested readers are directed to critical assessments by Tanselle (1991) and Greetham (1999: 397-418).

2.1.3. knowledgebases

The proliferation of Renaissance text-corpus humanities computing projects in North America, Europe, and New Zealand during the late 1980s and early 1990s Representative examples include: the Women Writers Project ; the Century of Prose Corpus ; the Early Modern English Dictionaries Database ; the Michigan Early Modern English Materials ; the Oxford Text Archive ; the Riverside STC Project ; Shakespeare Database Project; and, the Textbase of Early Tudor English. might be considered the inevitable result of the desire of Renaissance scholars, spurred on by the project of New Historicism, to engage with a vast body of primary and secondary materials in addition to the traditional canon of literary works; the rise of the sociology of text in bibliographical circles; and the growing realization that textual analysis, interpretation, and synthesis might be pursued with greater ease and accuracy through the use of an integrated electronic database.

A group of scholars involved in such projects, recognizing the value of collaboration and centralized coordination, engaged in a planning meeting towards the creation of a Renaissance Knowledge Base (RKB). Richardson and Neuman 1990. In addition to the authors of the application itself, other investigators involved with the group included David A. Bank, Jonquil Bevan, Lou Burnard, Thomas N. Corns, Michael Crump, R. J. Fehrenback, Alistair Fox, Roy Flannagan, S. K. Heniger Jr., Arthur F. Kinney, Ian Lancashire, George M. Logan, Willard McCarty, Louis T. Milic, Barbara Mowat, Joachim Neuhaus, Michael Neuman, Henry Snyder, Frank Tompa, and Greg Waite. Consisting of “the major texts and reference materials […] recognized as critical to Renaissance scholarship,” As outlined in the application, the materials intended for inclusion and integration in the RKB were “old-spelling texts of major authors (Sidney, Marlowe, Spenser, Shakespeare, Jonson, Donne, Milton, etc.), the Short-Title Catalogue (1475–1640), the Dictionary of National Biography , period dictionaries (Florio, Elyot, Cotgrave, etc.), and the Oxford English Dictionary ” (Richardson and Neuman 1990: 2). the RKB hoped to “deliver unedited primary texts,” to “allow users to search a variety of primary and secondary materials simultaneously,” and to stimulate “interpretations by making connections among many kinds of texts” (Richardson&Neuman 1990: 1-2). Addressing the question of “Who needs RKB?” the application offered the following response:

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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