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64 . p c = x A + x A n A + n A = 65 + 78 100 + 100 = 0.715

65 . Using the calculator function 2-PropZTest, the p-value = 0.0417. Reject the null hypothesis. At the 3% significance level, here is sufficient evidence to conclude that there is a difference between the proportions of households in the two communities that have cable service.

66 . Using the calculator function 2-PropZTest, the p -value = 0.0417. Do not reject the null hypothesis. At the 1% significance level, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that there is a difference between the proportions of households in the two communities that have cable service.

10.4: matched or paired samples

67 . H 0 : x ¯ d 0
H a : x ¯ d < 0

68 . t = – 4.5644

69 . df = 30 – 1 = 29.

70 . Using the calculator function TTEST, the p -value = 0.00004 so reject the null hypothesis. At the 5% level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the participants lost weight, on average.

71 . A positive t -statistic would mean that participants, on average, gained weight over the six months.

11.1: facts about the chi-square distribution

72 . μ = df = 20
σ = 2 ( d f ) = 40 = 6.32

11.2: goodness-of-fit test

73 . Enrolled = 200(0.66) = 132. Not enrolled = 200(0.34) = 68

74 .

Observed (O) Expected (E) O – E (O – E)2 ( O E ) 2 z
Enrolled 145 132 145 – 132 = 13 169 169 132 = 1.280
Not enrolled 55 68 55 – 68 = –13 169 169 68 = 2.485

75 . df = n – 1 = 2 – 1 = 1.

76 . Using the calculator function Chi-square GOF – Test (in STAT TESTS), the test statistic is 3.7656 and the p-value is 0.0523. Do not reject the null hypothesis. At the 5% significance level, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that high school most recent graduating class distribution of enrolled and not enrolled does not fit that of the national distribution.

77 . approximates the normal

78 . skewed right

11.3: test of independence

79 .

Cell = Yes Cell = No Total
Freshman 250 ( 300 ) 500 = 150 250 ( 200 ) 500 = 100 250
Senior 250 ( 300 ) 500 = 150 250 ( 200 ) 500 = 100 250
Total 300 200 500

80 . ( 100 150 ) 2 150 = 16.67
( 150 100 ) 2 100 = 25
( 200 100 ) 2 150 = 16.67
( 50 100 ) 2 100 = 25

81 . Chi-square = 16.67 + 25 + 16.67 + 25 = 83.34.
df = ( r – 1)( c – 1) = 1

82 . p -value = P (Chi-square, 83.34) = 0
Reject the null hypothesis.
You could also use the calculator function STAT TESTS Chi-Square – Test.

11.4: test of homogeneity

83 . The table has five rows and two columns. df = ( r – 1)( c – 1) = (4)(1) = 4.

11.5: comparison summary of the chi-square tests: goodness-of-fit, independence and homogeneity

84 . Using the calculator function (STAT TESTS) Chi-square Test, the p -value = 0. Reject the null hypothesis. At the 5% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the poll responses independent of the participants’ ethnic group.

85 . The expected value of each cell must be at least five.

86 . H 0 : The variables are independent.
H a : The variables are not independent.

87 . H 0 : The populations have the same distribution.
H a : The populations do not have the same distribution.

11.6: test of a single variance

88 . H 0 : σ 2 ≤ 5
H a : σ 2 >5

Practice test 4

12.1 linear equations

1 . Which of the following equations is/are linear?

  1. y = –3 x
  2. y = 0.2 + 0.74 x
  3. y = –9.4 – 2 x
  4. A and B
  5. A, B, and C

Questions & Answers

what is statistics
ADAM Reply
can anyone explain it better for me
ADAM
frequency distribution
Wasim Reply
noun STATISTICS a mathematical function showing the number of instances in which a variable takes each of its possible values.
Robin
ok
ADAM
Common language-- taking a bunch of information and seeing if it is related or not to other info
Mandy
Does standard deviation have measuring unit?
Mohamed
yes, the measuring unit of the data you are looking at, for example centimetres for height.
Emma
thanks
Mohamed
is that easy to plot a graph between three axis?
Mohamed
yes we can but we do not have that much effective tools. If the graph is normal or less complicated then it is plotted effectively otherwise it will give you nightmare.
umair
whats the difference between discrete and contineous data
umar
Discrete variables are variables that can assume finite number of values. Continuous variables are variables that can assume infinite number of values
Mike
i will give you an example: {0,4,84} it contains discrete or limited values like it can also contain boolean values{true,false} or {0,1} and continuous are like {1,2,3,4,5......} , {0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4...........}
umair
a no. of values which are countable are called discrete variables on the other hand, a no. of values which are not countable are called continuous variables
Aliya
Yup, I would like to support Mr.Umair's argument by saying that it can only apply if we have a 3-D graph,otherwise a plane graph will not apply at all
festus
Aliya and Mike thnks to both of you ❤❤
umar
what's variance
Sulaiman Reply
what's case control study?
Shakilla
hi
Noman
?
Sulaiman
what is covariance
Florence Reply
In probability theory and statistics, covariance is a measure of the joint variability of two random variables.[1] If the greater values of one variable mainly correspond with the greater values of the other variable, and the same holds for the lesser values, (i.e., the variables tend to show simila
Robin
Economics department, faculty of social sciences, NOUN. You are required to calculate: the covariance and State whether the covariance is positive or negative. (11½ marks) Observation E D 1 15 17.24 2 16 15.00 3 8 14.91 4 6 4.50 5 15 18.00 6 12 6.29 7 12 19.23 8 18 18.69 9 12 7.21 10 20 4
Florence
In probability theory and statistics, covariance is a measure of the joint variability of two random variables.
Robin
what is the purpose of statistics and why it is important that statistics to be a solo and one complete field?
Edu-info Reply
to organize,analyze and interpret information in order to make decision
Berema
what is noun?
Katama Reply
so simple. the name of any person,place or thing.
Edu-info
Using the Chi-square test, two coins were flipped a hundred times. What will be the chances of getting a head and getting a tale? Given observed values is 62 heads and 38 tails. Expected value is 50 heads, 50 tails. Is the difference due to chance or a significant error? a. Draw your hypothesis
DokBads Reply
how can I win
Jagogo Reply
what is difference between the blocking and confounding
Rukhsana Reply
how do you get 2/50 ?
CL Reply
can you explained it for me
korankye
an easier definition of inferential statistics
Kenedy Reply
Inferential statistics makes inferences and predictions about a population based on a sample of data taken from the population in question.
Rukhsana
Inferential statistics helps you to extract insights from a random sample data which then helps you to use specific predictive Modeling/machine learning technic to predict or forecast.
Manish
what is stemplot? can anyone explain?
Javokhirbek
what is statistics
ernest Reply
what is collection of data
ernest
no collection data was provided just the mean =14
Leticia
sd=14 describe the position of score to the mean how many points below or above z=1.00 z=1.50
Leticia
I have this sample score 14 18 12 22 14 22 21 20 13 26 13 26 16 21 they want me to.compute the z- score of x= 15 ×=40 and x=9?
Leticia
how do you understand that it is the mean?
Kenedy
fact and figure
hira
factors to consider when using secondary data
Edmond Reply
define binomial distribution
Samuel Reply
the distribution in which the outcome is of dichotomous
bimal
can you tell me Standar division is =14 what is the position of the score relative to the mean how many point above/below the mean?
Leticia
What do you call a measure of central tendency (i.e., average) appropriate for data measured on the continuous scale
DokBads Reply
arithmetic mean
bimal

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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