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Chapter 5 15th through 11th century b.c.

Backward to 3000 to 1500 B.C.

1,500 to 1,000 b.c.

Literacy in this era was confined entirely to the Near East, Greece, Egypt, the Indus Valley and China. The Sumerian cuneiform, carried at first by Assyrian traders, was adapted to Hittite, Luvian and Hattite languages in Asia Minor, and it was soon also used by Amorites, Hurrians and Mitanni. Finally the pharaohs of the 18th dynasty in Egypt conducted their foreign affairs in cuneiform and in the Akkadian language rather than in their native hieroglyphics. The open syllabary which had made its appearance by the 16th century B.C. now was followed by the consonantal alphabet. In some areas this may have actually preceded the open syllabary. This was also a period of militarized, barbarian assaults against the civilization centers of Europe, the middle East, India and China. Chariot warfare gave extra impetus to the barbarian advance and their invasions increased in the western world after 1,200 B.C. (Ref. 136 ) Additional Notes

Diffusion of iron-working skills with the consequent use of shields and helmets to protect against charioteers' arrows, facilitated the new round of invasions and migrations between 1200 and 1000 B.C. Thus Hebrews, Persians, Dorians and others entered the scene. (Ref. 279 )

Forward to 1000 to 700 B.C.

    Choose different region

  • Africa
  • America
  • Central and Northern Asia
  • Europe
  • The Far East
  • The Indian Subcontinent
  • The Near East
  • Pacific

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Source:  OpenStax, A comprehensive outline of world history. OpenStax CNX. Nov 30, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10595/1.3
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