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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Clin Sci I - GI Twedt quiz 2
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25 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Clin Sci I - GI Twedt quiz 2 Exam

Question: Which of the following is a protein losing enteropathy?


Parasite infection




All of the above

Question: 4 yr old DSH cat presents for icteric pale membranes, weak , obtunded, progressive anorexia, lethargy, and dark urine. Lab results show 4+bilirubinemia and a PCV 13 %. What are differentials for prehaptic icterus in cats?




ingestion of Tylenol capsule

Copper/Zn toxicity

All of the above.

Question: Which of the following is FALSE regarding lymphangiectasia?


Clinical signs include weight loss, diarrhea/steatorrhea, ascites/hydrothorax, edema in extremities, and excercise intolerance

A hallmark diagnostic findings is panhypoproteinemia and low cholesterol

Treatment for lymphangiectasia is high fat diet to restore the lost fat

The loss of AT III is life threatening because of potential thrombosis

It is defined as an idiopathic disorder of lymph drainage common in Yorkshire terriers, Norweigan Lundehunds, and Wheaten terriers.

Question: 9 yr old golden retriever presents with abdominal pain, acute vomit and collapse. The CBC shows inflammation Chem panel shows increase in bililrubin, BUN ,Creatinine, Cholesterol, ALT and AST. An abdominocentesis reveals suppurative inflammation and lipase. You suspect Pancreatitis . what diagnostic test would help prove or disprove your diagnosis?



TLI test

Urinalysis and fecal

Amylase and Lipase test


Question: Which of the following is not an appropriate treatment for pancreatitis?


IV fluids

Maropitant ( Cerenia)




Question: What is the most common cause of bile duct obstruct in dogs?




Liver flukes

Bile Duct carcinoma


Question: __________ commonly get acute pancreatitis and ____________ commonly get chronic pancreatitis.


Dogs, Cats

Cats, Dog

Question: Prehepatic icteric animals will have regenerative anemia (PCV <20). True /False




Question: 6 yr old female mix dog presents for yellow eyes (icterus), owners note that dog has been slowing down over the last 6 months. There is no PD/PU, vomiting, diarrhea or respiratory signs. The urine seems to be very dark in color. The vaccinations are current, there have been no past major medical problems. TPR normal. Abdominal palpation and radiographs confirm large spleen. Bloodwork shows PCV 15%. These findings suggest the icterus is.....




Post hepatic

Question: Pancreatitis would be which of the following on an abdominocentesis?



Modified transudate


Question: If modified transudate (between 2.5-6.0 mg /dl protein count; cell count of 500-10,000) is identified on an abdominocentesis, which of the following is not a possible differential?


Protein losing enteropathy

Right side heart failure

Hepatic insufficiency

Mass lesion

Vena cava obstruction

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Eric Crawford
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