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Susan solomon

Atmospheric and climate scientist Susan Solomon ( [link] ) is the author of one of The New York Times books of the year ( The Coldest March , 2001), one of Time magazine’s 100 most influential people in the world (2008), and a working group leader of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which was the recipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. She helped determine and explain the cause of the formation of the ozone hole over Antarctica, and has authored many important papers on climate change. She has been awarded the top scientific honors in the US and France (the National Medal of Science and the Grande Medaille, respectively), and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society, the French Academy of Sciences, and the European Academy of Sciences. Formerly a professor at the University of Colorado, she is now at MIT, and continues to work at NOAA.

For more information, watch this video about Susan Solomon.

A photograph is shown of Susan Solomon sitting next to a globe.
Susan Solomon’s research focuses on climate change and has been instrumental in determining the cause of the ozone hole over Antarctica. (credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)

Key concepts and summary

The ideal gas law can be used to derive a number of convenient equations relating directly measured quantities to properties of interest for gaseous substances and mixtures. Appropriate rearrangement of the ideal gas equation may be made to permit the calculation of gas densities and molar masses. Dalton’s law of partial pressures may be used to relate measured gas pressures for gaseous mixtures to their compositions. Avogadro’s law may be used in stoichiometric computations for chemical reactions involving gaseous reactants or products.

Key equations

  • P Total = P A + P B + P C + … = Ʃ i P i
  • P A = X A P Total
  • X A = n A n T o t a l

Chemistry end of chapter exercises

What is the density of laughing gas, dinitrogen monoxide, N 2 O, at a temperature of 325 K and a pressure of 113.0 kPa?

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Calculate the density of Freon 12, CF 2 Cl 2 , at 30.0 °C and 0.954 atm.

4.64 g L −1

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Which is denser at the same temperature and pressure, dry air or air saturated with water vapor? Explain.

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A cylinder of O 2 ( g ) used in breathing by emphysema patients has a volume of 3.00 L at a pressure of 10.0 atm. If the temperature of the cylinder is 28.0 °C, what mass of oxygen is in the cylinder?

38.8 g

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What is the molar mass of a gas if 0.0494 g of the gas occupies a volume of 0.100 L at a temperature 26 °C and a pressure of 307 torr?

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What is the molar mass of a gas if 0.281 g of the gas occupies a volume of 125 mL at a temperature 126 °C and a pressure of 777 torr?

72.0 g mol −1

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How could you show experimentally that the molecular formula of propene is C 3 H 6 , not CH 2 ?

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The density of a certain gaseous fluoride of phosphorus is 3.93 g/L at STP. Calculate the molar mass of this fluoride and determine its molecular formula.

88.1 g mol −1 ; PF 3

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Consider this question: What is the molecular formula of a compound that contains 39% C, 45% N, and 16% H if 0.157 g of the compound occupies l25 mL with a pressure of 99.5 kPa at 22 °C?

(a) Outline the steps necessary to answer the question.

(b) Answer the question.

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Questions & Answers

what is periodic chemistry
Joseph Reply
Le chatelier's principle
Adepoju Reply
how many isotopes does hydrogen have
Faith Reply
3 isotopes
FLIMZEE
3 isotopes
FLIMZEE
an lmportant medical use of nuclear radiation is
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Check on play store Maybe you'll get an app for that
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state the periodic law
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the modern periodic state dat element are arranged in row and column according to their atomic number
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chemistry is the brach of science which deal with composition and dicomposion of matter
ezekier
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Blessing
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matter is anything that has mass or weight and accopies space
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something that absorbs some form energy
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law is the rule of government
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There are different Gas Laws There's boyles law, Charles law... Etc
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wat is hydroxyl
James
why is borontrihydride considered a Lewis acid
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electronic configuration
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it's is a branch of science that deals with the nature and composition of various matters and how the under go changes
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Pls what is the structural formula for propanonitrile
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chemistry is the study of the interaction, structure and properties of matter
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If a man has a mass of 115 pounds,what is his mass in gram lb=453.6g?
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Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, Chemistry. OpenStax CNX. May 20, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11760/1.9
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