21.4 Transmutation and nuclear energy  (Page 4/26)

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An atomic bomb ( [link] ) contains several pounds of fissionable material, ${}_{\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}92}^{235}\text{U}$ or ${}_{\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}94}^{239}\text{Pu},$ a source of neutrons, and an explosive device for compressing it quickly into a small volume. When fissionable material is in small pieces, the proportion of neutrons that escape through the relatively large surface area is great, and a chain reaction does not take place. When the small pieces of fissionable material are brought together quickly to form a body with a mass larger than the critical mass, the relative number of escaping neutrons decreases, and a chain reaction and explosion result.

Fission reactors

Chain reactions of fissionable materials can be controlled and sustained without an explosion in a nuclear reactor    ( [link] ). Any nuclear reactor that produces power via the fission of uranium or plutonium by bombardment with neutrons must have at least five components: nuclear fuel consisting of fissionable material, a nuclear moderator, reactor coolant, control rods, and a shield and containment system. We will discuss these components in greater detail later in the section. The reactor works by separating the fissionable nuclear material such that a critical mass cannot be formed, controlling both the flux and absorption of neutrons to allow shutting down the fission reactions. In a nuclear reactor used for the production of electricity, the energy released by fission reactions is trapped as thermal energy and used to boil water and produce steam. The steam is used to turn a turbine, which powers a generator for the production of electricity.

how can someone understand chemistry vividly
Maybe by reading proofs or practical work and application in modern world.
Abdelkarim
what is isotopes
whats de shape of water
water has no shape because it's liquid
Wil
water is a shapeless, odourless, colourless and tasteless substance that only takes the shape of its container.
mikefred
i think they're referring to the molecular shape?
It has no shape but takes the shape of the container
what isthe maening pkw
introduction to chemistry for beginner
hi
noble
through out human history
Yes?
Esther
hello
noble
yes
Bol
what
noble
is euglena a unicellular organ
is euglena a unicellular organism
Agio
how is hydrogen can be heated
what is difference between atom and molecule
Atom is the smallest part of matter; it consists of equal number of protons and electrons. It may have neutrons. A molecule is a compound made of atoms covalently bonded.
Abdelkarim
does amoeba has structure
what is the effect of green house on the earth 🌎
what is the effect of green house on the earth 🌎
kolawole
what's an atom?
it's the smallest unit of Matter
Orsine
atom
Eden
smallest part of an element
lydia
also, depending on its (atom's) structure, that is the amount of protons and neutrons and electrons, is the determining factors of what element it is.
Richard
is a smallast particals of an element
Buwembo
it is the smallest part of an element that can take part in a chemical reaction
Ayub
is the smallest part of an element
Jonathan
An atom is the smallest indivisible part of a matter
Oy kl konsa test hay or kitna hay?
differences between solid liquid and gaseous state
modification of John dalton atomic theory
Ochei
the differences between soliq liquid and gas is that in solid the particle are strongly bonded together by forces of cohesion and the particle are not able to move about but only vibrate in a fixed position but in liquid the particle are loosely bond together and the particle are able to move about
kolawole
2.4g of magnesium reacts with 0.3mol of hydrochloric acid write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction. (b)Determine the limiting reactant