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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
BOD Reproductive System quiz
Download BOD Quiz PDF eBook
20 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the BOD Reproductive System quiz Quiz

Question: Thecal cells produce ____________. Granulosa cells produce __________________.

Choices:

progesterone, estrogen

estrogen, progesterone

testosterone, estrogen

estrogen, testosterone

progesterone, testosterone

Question: A pseudohermaphrodite is defined as.....

Choices:

gonad of one sex but secondary sex characteristics of another

having both ovaries and testes

having both secondary sex characteristics of male and female

Question: A mare that experiencing stallion like behavior could have what type of ovarian tumor?

Choices:

Ovarian carcinoma

Ovarian teratoma

Granulosa theca tumor

Question: Vaginal polyps are usually incidental unless very large and cause blockage. True /False

Choices:

True

False

Question: A follicle that fails to ovulate due to lack of LH surge from pituitary gland will persist and form a follicular cyst. What hormone will be overproduced in most species (not dogs)?

Choices:

Progesterone

Testosterone

FSH

Estrogen

Thypid hormone

Question: Tayorella equigenitalis is an equine STD known as CEM (contagious equine metritis). Which of the folllowing is true regarding CEM?

Choices:

Stallions are asymptomatic and females have high morbidity.

Mares are asymptomatic and stallions have high mortality

Question: Subinvolution of placenta sites( SIPS) is delayed involution of uterus that can lead to anemia, hemorrhage, thrombosis, necrosis, and possible rupture. What species is this seen in?

Choices:

Cat

Dog

Cow

Horse

Pig

Question: Torsion of the uterus is most common in what species?

Choices:

Pig

Dog

Cow

Horse

Cat

Question: The default developmental pathway is ________________. The key gene located in the SRY region that shifts development towards ___________ fetus is called TDF.

Choices:

Male, female

Female, male

Question: What type of tumor is sexually transmitted round cell tumor of dogs?

Choices:

Granulosa cell tumor

Ovarian carcinoma

Ovarian teratoma

TVT

Squamous cell carcinoma

Question: Pseudopregnancy is a prolonged luteal phase of estrus. Increased prolactin will lead to lactation and maternal behavior. Does this occur in cats or dogs?

Choices:

Dog

Cat

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