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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
BOD- Liver Quiz ....
Download BOD- Quiz PDF eBook
30 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the BOD- Liver Quiz .... Quiz

Question: Which cells play a major role in liver fibrosis?

Choices:

Kupffer cells

Hepatocytes

Endothelial cells

Macrophages

Stellate cells

Question: What is the definition of Cholestasis?

Choices:

Abnormal bile flow

Abnormal blood flow in liver

Inflammation of the liver

Liver fluke infection

Liver fibrosis

Question: Which of the following is NOT part of the portal triad?

Choices:

Hepatic Artery

Portal Vein

Bile Duct

Hepatic Vein

Question: Which cells are known as hepatic sinusoidal macrophages that clear infectious agents, senescent RBC, and endotoxins?

Choices:

Stellate cells

Oval cells

Kupffer Cells

Endothelial cells

Hepatocytes

Question: If there is no obstruction and the liver is not yellow, then you know it is prehepatic icterus.

Choices:

True

False

Question: What is the function of the limiting plate?

Choices:

Regeneration of hepatocytes

Regression of hepatocytes

Location of sinusoids

there are no sinusoids located in the limiting plate

Question: Overproduction of bilirubin (intravascular hemolysis) is what type of disturbance?

Choices:

Prehepatic

Intrahepatic

Post hepatic

Question: Which zone that surrounds the portal triad is the most susceptible to hypoxia?

Choices:

Zone 1

Zone 2

Zone 3

Zone 4

Zone 5

Question: Which of the following is an example of extravascular hemolysis?

Choices:

IMHA

Erythroparasite (ex. Babesia)

Oxidative injury

Fragmentation injury

Blood vessel with hemangiosarcoma in spleen

Question: When an animal dies, the liver enlarges and presses against the ribs forming "rib imprints". There are also pale foci and bile imbibition (bile leaking making liver darker color). This process is known as Autolysis. True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: Which cells originate in the bone marrow and are involved in liver regeneration at the liming plate?

Choices:

Stellate cells

Kupffer cells

Oval cells

Endothelial cells

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