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 The photo on the left shows large, stalk-like saguaro cacti with multiple arms, and the photo on the right shows a lizard on a rock.
All organisms are products of evolution adapted to their environment. (a) Saguaro ( Carnegiea gigantea ) can soak up 750 liters of water in a single rain storm, enabling these cacti to survive the dry conditions of the Sonora desert in Mexico and the Southwestern United States. (b) The Andean semiaquatic lizard ( Potamites montanicola ) discovered in Peru in 2010 lives between 1,570 to 2,100 meters in elevation, and, unlike most lizards, is nocturnal and swims. Scientists still do no know how these cold-blood animals are able to move in the cold (10 to 15°C) temperatures of the Andean night. (credit a: modification of work by Gentry George, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; credit b: modification of work by Germán Chávez and Diego Vásquez, ZooKeys )

All species of living organisms, from bacteria to baboons to blueberries, evolved at some point from a different species. Although it may seem that living things today stay much the same, that is not the case—evolution is an ongoing process.

The theory of evolution is the unifying theory of biology, meaning it is the framework within which biologists ask questions about the living world. Its power is that it provides direction for predictions about living things that are borne out in experiment after experiment. The Ukrainian-born American geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky famously wrote that “nothing makes sense in biology except in the light of evolution.” Theodosius Dobzhansky. “Biology, Molecular and Organismic.” American Zoologist 4, no. 4 (1964): 449. He meant that the tenet that all life has evolved and diversified from a common ancestor is the foundation from which we approach all questions in biology.

Questions & Answers

the study of living organisms
Dorcas Reply
what is body symmetry
Elizabeth Reply
What is the instrument used for measuring water potential?
Agyeiwaa Reply
tensiometers
osometer
MP
difference between food chain and food web
tunz Reply
is the study of living
Cabdi Reply
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HAMIDAH
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Cabdi
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Cabdi
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HAMIDAH
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Cabdi
aha
HAMIDAH
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Cabdi
what is biology
Sandra Reply
Biology is the natural science that studies life n living organisms which include physical structures, chemical processes, molecular interaction, physiological mechanisms, evolution n development
HAMIDAH
biology is d study of living things
tunz
tru
Cabdi
brnch of biology
Cabdi
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tunz
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Cabdi
biology is the study of living things
Nikolas
main branch re botany, zoology n micro biology
HAMIDAH
1.Biochemistry 2.Biophysics 3.Biotechnology 4.Botany 5.Cell biology 6.Ecology
Peace
Main branch of biology are,zoology, botany and microbiology
Agyeiwaa
the period of cell growth between nuclear division
AAYAT Reply
what is synapsis
Edward Reply
the fusion of chromosomes at yhe the beginning of meiosis
Hassan
what do we mean by the team genetic
Regina Reply
is the inheritance of the living organisms
Sarah
am I right?
Sarah
is the variation and inheritance of living organism
Raymond
genetic is define as the scientific study of heredity and variation in living things
HAMIDAH
give all the characteristics of an enzyme
Davies Reply
it alters the rate of chemical reaction
tunz
-some require coenzymes -they re inhibited by inhibitors -they re required in minute amount -they speed up the rate of chemical reaction
HAMIDAH
hi Hamida, may I ask how do you study bio?
al
thanks
al
what is the difference between meiosi and
Glory Reply
TCRs. in full. and was it all about .Tell me about all of immunity.
KIIZA Reply
why is it that, when using light microscope for viewing the red blood cell is not distinguishable
Samuel Reply
Hello guy what is happening
Glory Reply
what is a cell
Innocent Reply
basic unit of life
Adoma
smallest unit of living things
Nicholas
cell is a basic unit of life
Senamile
the fundamental and structural unit of a living organism
angelina

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Source:  OpenStax, Biology. OpenStax CNX. Feb 29, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11448/1.10
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