Biology 04 Cell Structure MCQ

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Photo depicts Earth from space.
This NASA image is a composite of several satellite-based views of Earth. To make the whole-Earth image, NASA scientists combine observations of different parts of the planet. (credit: NASA/GSFC/NOAA/USGS)

Viewed from space, Earth offers no clues about the diversity of life forms that reside there. The first forms of life on Earth are thought to have been microorganisms that existed for billions of years in the ocean before plants and animals appeared. The mammals, birds, and flowers so familiar to us are all relatively recent, originating 130 to 200 million years ago. Humans have inhabited this planet for only the last 2.5 million years, and only in the last 200,000 years have humans started looking like we do today.

Unit 2. The Cell MCQ Multiple Choices Questions Quiz Test Bank

Chapter 04: Cell Structure

4.1 Studying Cells

4.2 Prokaryotic Cells

4.3 Eukaryotic Cells

4.4 The Endomembrane System and Proteins

4.5 The Cytoskeleton

4.6 Connections between Cells and Cellular Activities

Quiz PDF eBook: 
Biology 04 Cell Structure MCQ
Download Biology 04 Quiz PDF eBook
16 Pages
2015
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Biology 04 Cell Structure MCQ Quiz

Question: Which of the following is surrounded by two phospholipid bilayers?

Choices:

the ribosomes

the vesicles

the cytoplasm

the nucleoplasm

Question: Which of the following is not a component of the endomembrane system?

Choices:

mitochondrion

Golgi apparatus

endoplasmic reticulum

lysosome

Question: Prokaryotes depend on ________ to obtain some materials and to get rid of wastes.

Choices:

ribosomes

flagella

cell division

diffusion

Question: Peroxisomes got their name because hydrogen peroxide is:

Choices:

used in their detoxification reactions

produced during their oxidation reactions

incorporated into their membranes

a cofactor for the organelles' enzymes

Question: The process by which a cell engulfs a foreign particle is known as:

Choices:

endosymbiosis

phagocytosis

hydrolysis

membrane synthesis

Question: The ________ is the basic unit of life.

Choices:

organism

cell

tissue

organ

Question: Bacteria that lack fimbrae are less likely to ________.

Choices:

adhere to cell surfaces

swim through bodily fluids

synthesize proteins

retain the ability to divide

Question: In plant cells, the function of the lysosomes is carried out by __________.

Choices:

vacuoles

peroxisomes

ribosomes

nuclei

Question: When viewing a specimen through a light microscope, scientists use ________ to distinguish the individual components of cells.

Choices:

a beam of electrons

radioactive isotopes

special stains

high temperatures

Question: Which of the following is found both in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?

Choices:

nucleus

mitochondrion

vacuole

ribosomes

Question: Which of the following is most likely to have the greatest concentration of smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

Choices:

a cell that secretes enzymes

a cell that destroys pathogens

a cell that makes steroid hormones

a cell that engages in photosynthesis

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Source:  OpenStax College. Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11448/latest/