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Chapter 0: Introduction to sociology 2e

Preface Read Online

About openstax

OpenStax is a non-profit organization committed to improving student access to quality learning materials. Our free textbooks are developed and peer-reviewed by educators to ensure they are readable, accurate, and meet the scope and sequence requirements of modern college courses. Unlike traditional textbooks, OpenStax resources live online and are owned by the community of educators using them. Through our partnerships with companies and foundations committed to reducing costs for students, OpenStax is working to improve access to higher education for all. OpenStax is an initiative of Rice University and is made possible through the generous support of several philanthropic foundations.

About this book

Welcome to Introduction to Sociology 2e , an OpenStax resource created with several goals in mind: accessibility, affordability, customization, and student engagement—all while encouraging learners toward high levels of learning. Instructors and students alike will find that this textbook offers a strong foundation in sociology. It is available for free online and in low-cost print and e-book editions.

To broaden access and encourage community curation, Introduction to Sociology 2e is “open source” licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license. Everyone is invited to submit examples, emerging research, and other feedback to enhance and strengthen the material and keep it current and relevant for today’s students. You can make suggestions by contacting us at

To the student

This book is written for you and is based on the teaching and research experience of numerous sociologists. In today’s global socially networked world, the topic of sociology is more relevant than ever before. We hope that through this book, you will learn how simple, everyday human actions and interactions can change the world. In this book, you will find applications of sociology concepts that are relevant, current, and balanced.

To the instructor

This text is intended for a one-semester introductory course. Since current events influence our social perspectives and the field of sociology in general, OpenStax encourages instructors to keep this book fresh by sending in your up-to-date examples to so that students and instructors around the country can relate and engage in fruitful discussions.

General approach

Introduction to Sociology 2e adheres to the scope and sequence of a typical introductory sociology course. In addition to comprehensive coverage of core concepts, foundational scholars, and emerging theories we have incorporated section reviews with engaging questions, discussions that help students apply the sociological imagination, and features that draw learners into the discipline in meaningful ways. Although this text can be modified and reorganized to suit your needs, the standard version is organized so that topics are introduced conceptually, with relevant, everyday experiences.

Changes to the second edition

Part of the mission of the second edition update was to ensure the research, examples and concepts used in this textbook are current and relevant to today’s student. To this end, we have rewritten the introduction of each chapter to reflect the latest developments in sociology, history and global culture. In addition to new graphs and images, the reader of the second edition will find new feature boxes on a diverse array of topics, which has been one of the goals of the update—bringing the world into greater focus through case studies on global culture.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
Back Safety Quiz - "Back in Action"
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11 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Back Safety Quiz - "Back in Action" Quiz

Question: The spine is naturally curved to what shape?


"P" shape

"I" shape

"Z" shape

"S" shape

Question: Do older people have more of a chance of injuring their back?






Question: What muscles support the spine?




Core muscles


Question: Can you hurt your back while sitting?





Question: Before picking up a load what three things should you consider?


Your mood, attitude and desire to lift

Size of the load, make sure the area is free of clutter and check that your route is clear

What's for Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner

Question: When in a hurry is it okay to use a hand truck on the stairs?


Sure, as long as you keep the load in front of you on the way up or down.

Sure, as long as you keep the load behind you on the way up or down.

No, find a ramp or elevator if possible

Question: How many subjects were in the video?







Question: What are the three leading lifting factors associated with a back injury?


Attitude, Enthusiasm, and Following instructions

Capacity, Duration, and Awkward positions

Speedwalking, Jogging, Running

Something else

Question: What is another name for a bulged disc ?


Atrophied disc

Morphed disc

Floppy disc

Herniated disc

Question: How many workers injure their back each year?


1 million



5 million

Question: Does general fitness help prevent back injury?




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