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Chapter 0: Introduction to sociology 2e

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About this book

Welcome to Introduction to Sociology 2e , an OpenStax resource created with several goals in mind: accessibility, affordability, customization, and student engagement—all while encouraging learners toward high levels of learning. Instructors and students alike will find that this textbook offers a strong foundation in sociology. It is available for free online and in low-cost print and e-book editions.

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To the student

This book is written for you and is based on the teaching and research experience of numerous sociologists. In today’s global socially networked world, the topic of sociology is more relevant than ever before. We hope that through this book, you will learn how simple, everyday human actions and interactions can change the world. In this book, you will find applications of sociology concepts that are relevant, current, and balanced.

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General approach

Introduction to Sociology 2e adheres to the scope and sequence of a typical introductory sociology course. In addition to comprehensive coverage of core concepts, foundational scholars, and emerging theories we have incorporated section reviews with engaging questions, discussions that help students apply the sociological imagination, and features that draw learners into the discipline in meaningful ways. Although this text can be modified and reorganized to suit your needs, the standard version is organized so that topics are introduced conceptually, with relevant, everyday experiences.

Changes to the second edition

Part of the mission of the second edition update was to ensure the research, examples and concepts used in this textbook are current and relevant to today’s student. To this end, we have rewritten the introduction of each chapter to reflect the latest developments in sociology, history and global culture. In addition to new graphs and images, the reader of the second edition will find new feature boxes on a diverse array of topics, which has been one of the goals of the update—bringing the world into greater focus through case studies on global culture.

Anthropology Politics and Culture MCQ Multiple Choices Questions Quiz Test Bank

In this assignment you will learn about the four basic systems that human beings have used for organizing controlling their social life.

You will learn about specific mechanisms that are used for encouraging conformity to cultural rules for living in society.

You will examine the nature of law and learn about how societies attempt to maintain order and cope with conflict.

Assignment PDF eBook: 
Chapter 11: Anthropology Politics and Culture
Download #11 Politics & Culture Assignment PDF eBook
56 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Chapter 11: Anthropology Politics and Culture Assignment

Question: local groups whose members are drawn from several tribal families and that perform special functions, including political functions, within communities











matrifocal societies


legal authority


negative sanctions










internal warfare



Question: The defining characteristic of a state is which of the following?


the presence of agriculture

the presence of markets

the monopoly by government of the right to use legal force

the presence of governing authorities with power outside their own kinship group

Question: Which of the following is characteristic of a chiefdom?


Its government cannot legitimately use force.

The authority of its government is based on kin relationships with the governed.

It lacks a monopoly over legal authority.

Its officials may exercise authority only over their own kin.

Question: In tribes, military defense is usually the responsibility of which of the following?



the local group

military associations

individual volunteers

Question: According to Otterbein, what was NOT a purpose of warfare in bands and tribes?


individual motivation



economic control of neighboring communities

Question: Feuds are most common as a means for legally redressing wrongs where:


fraternal groups work together and share obligations.

work is shared by in-laws.

courts are powerful.

work is highly individualized.

Question: Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Nuer “Leopard Skin Chief”?


Ritual responsibilities.

The ability to offer sanctuary.


Authority to impose fines.

Question: Which of the following is the typical seat of legal authority in bands?


the kinship group

the local community

legal associations

governing specialists

Question: Which of the following is NOT a major factor in crime in the United States according to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence?






Question: Which of the following is a typical legal authority of families in tribal societies?


the punishment of family members

he defense of the community

the policing of the community

the conduct of all trials

Question: According to Nancy Turner, which of the following is the basis of a matrifocal society?


women’s control of political offices

a social structure in which the primary solidarity relations involve women

a social structure in which women dominate men

women’s control of the top political office of their society

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Source:  Prof. Richley Crapo, Cultural Anthropology. (Utah State University), (Accessed 28 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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