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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Questions & Answers

list carpal bones from proximal to distal
Meshack Reply
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Rita Reply
what is function of the male respiratory system ?
poonam Reply
need to join this conversation
Collins
what does increased glomerular filtration results from
Nancy Reply
what is the difference between cardiovascular and respiratory system
Bokenana Reply
cardiovascular deals with blood,blood vessels and heart while respiratory system deal with gas exchange
Erick
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Erick
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maz
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Erick
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Erick
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maz
what's an epithelial tissue
Romantic Reply
epithelial tissue are thin tissues that covers all the exposed surfaces of the body
Ireen
is anyone from high school?
Sahil
yes
Sulaiman
Final year
Royleen
med student
brian
South Africa
brian
final year too
brian
INDIA
Sahil
describe the structure of the human body in terms of six levels of organisation
Chulufya Reply
list the muscles of abdomen and their functions
HANNAH Reply
list the neck muscles and their functions
HANNAH
list the thy muscles and their functions
HANNAH
four muscles in facial expression
nah
describe flow of blood
osoma Reply
are arteries do pumping action to get are blood flow
isaiah
causes of occasional female muscle weakness and body pain
sammy
hey Venus ulcers description
patrick
what is conduction in the heart occur
Daud Reply
what is anatomy
Prin Reply
anatomy is the study of human body.?
Sittie
anatomy is the study of scientific human body's structure.
Sittie
Anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body and the physical relationship between its constituent parts.
Maina
Anatomy is the study of the structures of body parts
Nepi
what are the principles of public health nursing?
tribel
Anatomy is the scientific study of human body parts .
Shakinah
Anatomy is the study of structure and relationship of the body structure
Stephen
Anatomy is the study of the structure and movement of the human body
renukha
energy generation molecular transport reproduction.
Sarah
Anatomy is the study of budy structures and their relationship.
Denis
Anatomy is the scientific study of human structure
jacinta
Anatomy ie the study of the human body and its functions.
Samuel
is haemoglobin considered as body fluid?
Bonnie Reply
yes
Musi
yes
Given
No
Stephen
Given plz support yo answer
Bonnie
no
Stephen
it's a pigment found on blood
Stephen
Haemoglobin is a protein found in RBCs. Seeing as it is a protein (solid) it isn't a fluid.
jason
circulation of blood through the left side of the heart
Dorothy Reply
explain features of epithelial tissue
Ghati Reply
describe with the help of a well level diagram the structure of a nephron's
Okello Reply
can't draw a diagram
Sanjith
function of animal cell
Ghati

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Source:  OpenStax, Anatomy & Physiology. OpenStax CNX. Feb 04, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11496/1.8
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