Anatomy & Physiology 04 Tissue Organization MCQ


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Micrograph of cervical tissue

This micrograph shows tissue surrounding several empty spaces. The epithelial tissue occurs at the border between the rest of the tissue and the empty spaces. The normal epithelium is composed of rectangular-shaped cells neatly organized side by side. Dark purple nuclei are clear at the bottom of the epithelial cells, where they attach to the rest of the tissue. The abnormal epithelium appears as a tangled area of purple nuclei, much thicker than the normal epithelium although no distinct cells are discernible.
This figure is a view of the regular architecture of normal tissue contrasted with the irregular arrangement of cancerous cells. (credit: “Haymanj”/Wikimedia Commons)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Identify the main tissue types and discuss their roles in the human body
  • Identify the four types of tissue membranes and the characteristics of each that make them functional
  • Explain the functions of various epithelial tissues and how their forms enable their functions
  • Explain the functions of various connective tissues and how their forms enable their functions
  • Describe the characteristics of muscle tissue and how these enable function
  • Discuss the characteristics of nervous tissue and how these enable information processing and control of muscular and glandular activities

The body contains at least 200 distinct cell types. These cells contain essentially the same internal structures yet they vary enormously in shape and function. The different types of cells are not randomly distributed throughout the body; rather they occur in organized layers, a level of organization referred to as tissue. The micrograph that opens this chapter shows the high degree of organization among different types of cells in the tissue of the cervix. You can also see how that organization breaks down when cancer takes over the regular mitotic functioning of a cell.

The variety in shape reflects the many different roles that cells fulfill in your body. The human body starts as a single cell at fertilization. As this fertilized egg divides, it gives rise to trillions of cells, each built from the same blueprint, but organizing into tissues and becoming irreversibly committed to a developmental pathway.

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Anatomy & Physiology 04 Tissue Organization
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Sample Questions from the Anatomy & Physiology 04 Tissue Organization MCQ Quiz

Question: The ________ exocrine gland stores its secretion until the glandular cell ruptures, whereas the ________ gland releases its apical region and reforms.


holocrine; apocrine

eccrine; endocrine

apocrine; holocrine

eccrine; apocrine

Question: Which of the following is not a type of tissue?






Question: Connective tissue is made of which three essential components?


cells, ground substance, and carbohydrate fibers

cells, ground substance, and protein fibers

collagen, ground substance, and protein fibers

matrix, ground substance, and fluid

Question: In observing epithelial cells under a microscope, the cells are arranged in a single layer and look tall and narrow, and the nucleus is located close to the basal side of the cell. The specimen is what type of epithelial tissue?






Question: Which of the following is the epithelial tissue that lines the interior of blood vessels?




simple squamous


Question: Which type of epithelial tissue specializes in moving particles across its surface and is found in airways and lining of the oviduct?



stratified columnar

pseudostratified ciliated columnar

stratified squamous

Question: Differentiated cells in a developing embryo derive from ________.


endothelium, mesothelium, and epithelium

ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm

connective tissue, epithelial tissue, and muscle tissue

epidermis, mesoderm, and endothelium

Question: The process by which a less specialized cell matures into a more specialized cell is called ________.






Question: Under the microscope, a tissue specimen shows cells located in spaces scattered in a transparent background. This is probably ________.


loose connective tissue

a tendon


hyaline cartilage

Question: Which of the following lines the body cavities exposed to the external environment?



lamina propria



Question: Which connective tissue specializes in storage of fat?



adipose tissue

reticular tissue

dense connective tissue

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Disclaimer:  This course does NOT provide the education or experience needed for the diagnosing or treating any medical condition, all site contents are provided as general information only and should not be taken as medical advice.
Source:  Anatomy & Physiology MCQ. OpenStax College.
Tess Armstrong
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