A&P Key Terms 17 Endocrine System


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A&P Key Terms 17 Endocrine System
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Sample Questions from the A&P Key Terms 17 Endocrine System Key Terms

Question: acromegaly


disorder in adults caused when abnormally high levels of GH trigger growth of bones in the face, hands, and feet

Question: adrenal cortex


outer region of the adrenal glands consisting of multiple layers of epithelial cells and capillary networks that produces mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids

Question: alarm reaction


the short-term stress, or the fight-or-flight response, of stage one of the general adaptation syndrome mediated by the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine

Question: adenylyl cyclase


membrane-bound enzyme that converts ATP to cyclic AMP, creating cAMP, as a result of G-protein activation

Question: alpha cell


pancreatic islet cell type that produces the hormone glucagon

Question: adrenal glands


endocrine glands located at the top of each kidney that are important for the regulation of the stress response, blood pressure and blood volume, water homeostasis, and electrolyte levels

Question: adrenocorticotropic hormone


(ACTH) anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete corticosteroid hormones (also called corticotropin)

Question: aldosterone


hormone produced and secreted by the adrenal cortex that stimulates sodium and fluid retention and increases blood volume and blood pressure

Question: adrenal medulla


inner layer of the adrenal glands that plays an important role in the stress response by producing epinephrine and norepinephrine

Question: angiotensin-converting enzyme


the enzyme that converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II

Question: antidiuretic hormone


(ADH) hypothalamic hormone that is stored by the posterior pituitary and that signals the kidneys to reabsorb water

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Source:  Human Body OpenStax College. Anatomy & Physiology, Download for free at http://cnx.org/contents/14fb4ad7-39a1-4eee-ab6e-3ef2482e3e22@7.25
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