# 5.5 Solve mixture applications with systems of equations  (Page 4/7)

 Page 4 / 7

Translate to a system of equations and solve:

Anatole needs to make 250 milliliters of a 25% solution of hydrochloric acid for a lab experiment. The lab only has a 10% solution and a 40% solution in the storeroom. How much of the 10% and how much of the 40% solutions should he mix to make the 25% solution?

Anatole should mix 125 ml of the 10% solution and 125 ml of the 40% solution.

## Solve interest applications

The formula to model interest applications is I = Prt . Interest, I , is the product of the principal, P , the rate, r , and the time, t . In our work here, we will calculate the interest earned in one year, so t will be 1.

We modify the column titles in the mixture table to show the formula for interest, as you’ll see in [link] .

Translate to a system of equations and solve:

Adnan has $40,000 to invest and hopes to earn 7.1% interest per year. He will put some of the money into a stock fund that earns 8% per year and the rest into bonds that earns 3% per year. How much money should he put into each fund? ## Solution  Step 1. Read the problem. A chart will help us organize the information. Step 2. Identify what we are looking for. We are looking for the amount to invest in each fund. Step 3. Name what we are looking for. Let $s=$ the amount invested in stocks. $\phantom{\rule{1.5em}{0ex}}b=$ the amount invested in bonds. Write the interest rate as a decimal for each fund. Multiply: Principal · Rate · Time to get the Interest. Step 4. Translate into a system of equations. We get our system of equations from the Principal column and the Interest column. Step 5. Solve the system of equations Solve by elimination. Multiply the top equation by −0.03. Simplify and add to solve for s . To find b , substitute s = 32,800 into the first equation. Step 6. Check the answer in the problem. We leave the check to you. Step 7. Answer the question. Adnan should invest$32,000 in stock and $7,200 in bonds. Did you notice that the Principal column represents the total amount of money invested while the Interest column represents only the interest earned? Likewise, the first equation in our system, s + b = 40,000, represents the total amount of money invested and the second equation, 0.08 s + 0.03 b = 0.071(40,000), represents the interest earned. Translate to a system of equations and solve: Leon had$50,000 to invest and hopes to earn 6.2 % interest per year. He will put some of the money into a stock fund that earns 7% per year and the rest in to a savings account that earns 2% per year. How much money should he put into each fund?

Leon should put $42,000 in the stock fund and$8000 in the savings account.

Translate to a system of equations and solve:

Julius invested $7,000 into two stock investments. One stock paid 11% interest and the other stock paid 13% interest. He earned 12.5% interest on the total investment. How much money did he put in each stock? Julius invested$1,750 at 11% and $5,250 at 13%. Translate to a system of equations and solve: Rosie owes$21,540 on her two student loans. The interest rate on her bank loan is 10.5% and the interest rate on the federal loan is 5.9%. The total amount of interest she paid last year was $1,669.68. What was the principal for each loan? ## Solution  Step 1. Read the problem. A chart will help us organize the information. Step 2. Identify what we are looking for. We are looking for the principal of each loan. Step 3. Name what we are looking for. Let $b=$ the principal for the bank loan. $\phantom{\rule{1.5em}{0ex}}f=$ the principal on the federal loan The total loans are$21,540. Record the interest rates as decimals in the chart. Multiply using the formula l = Pr t to get the Interest. Step 4. Translate into a system of equations. The system of equations comes from the Principal column and the Interest column. Step 5. Solve the system of equations We will use substitution to solve. Solve the first equation for b . Substitute b = − f + 21,540 into the second equation. Simplify and solve for f . To find b , substitute f = 12,870 into the first equation. Step 6. Check the answer in the problem. We leave the check to you. Step 7. Answer the question. The principal of the bank loan is $12,870 and the principal for the federal loan is$8,670.

#### Questions & Answers

I don't see where the answers are.
Ed
Cindy and Richard leave their dorm in Charleston at the same time. Cindy rides her bicycle north at a speed of 18 miles per hour. Richard rides his bicycle south at a speed of 14 miles per hour. How long will it take them to be 96 miles apart?
3
Christopher
18t+14t=96 32t=96 32/96 3
Christopher
show that a^n-b^2n is divisible by a-b
What does 3 times your weight right now
Use algebra to combine 39×5 and the half sum of travel of 59+30
Cherokee
What is the segment of 13? Explain
Cherokee
my weight is 49. So 3 times is 147
Cherokee
kg to lbs you goin to convert 2.2 or one if the same unit your going to time your body weight by 3. example if my body weight is 210lb. what would be my weight if I was 3 times as much in kg. that's you do 210 x3 = 630lb. then 630 x 2.2= .... hope this helps
tyler
How to convert grams to pounds?
paul
What is the lcm of 340
Yes
Cherokee
How many numbers each equal to y must be taken to make 15xy
15x
Martin
15x
Asamoah
15x
Hugo
1y
Tom
1y x 15y
Tom
find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
Gee
find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
Gee
Quadratic equations involving factorization
there's a chatting option in the app wow
Nana
That's cool cool
Nana
Nice to meet you all
Nana
you too.
Joan
😃
Nana
Hey you all there are several Free Apps that can really help you to better solve type Equations.
Debra
Debra, which apps specifically. ..?
Nana
am having a course in elementary algebra ,any recommendations ?
samuel
Samuel Addai, me too at ucc elementary algebra as part of my core subjects in science
Nana
me too as part of my core subjects in R M E
Ken
at ABETIFI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Ken
ok great. Good to know.
Joan
5x + 1/3= 2x + 1/2
sanam
Plz solve this
sanam
5x - 3x = 1/2 - 1/3 2x = 1/6 x = 1/12
Ranu
Thks ranu
sanam
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains ten rupees Express algebraically the result of his transactions
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
Kim is making eight gallons of punch from fruit juice and soda. The fruit juice costs $6.04 per gallon and the soda costs$4.28 per gallon. How much fruit juice and how much soda should she use so that the punch costs $5.71 per gallon? Mohamed Reply (a+b)(p+q+r)(b+c)(p+q+r)(c+a) (p+q+r) muhammad Reply 4x-7y=8 2x-7y=1 what is the answer? Ramil Reply x=7/2 & y=6/7 Pbp x=7/2 & y=6/7 use Elimination Debra true bismark factoriz e usman 4x-7y=8 X=7/4y+2 and 2x-7y=1 x=7/2y+1/2 Peggie Ok cool answer peggie Frank thanks Ramil copy and complete the table. x. 5. 8. 12. then 9x-5. to the 2nd power+4. then 2xto the second power +3x Sandra Reply What is c+4=8 Penny Reply 2 Letha 4 Lolita 4 Rich 4 thinking C+4=8 -4 -4 C =4 thinking I need to study Letha 4+4=8 William During two years in college, a student earned$9,500. The second year, she earned \$500 more than twice the amount she earned the first year.
9500=500+2x
Debra
9500-500=9000 9000÷2×=4500 X=4500
Debra
X + Y = 9500....... & Y = 500 + 2X so.... X + 500 + 2X = 9500, them X = 3000 & Y = 6500
Pbp