<< Chapter < Page | Chapter >> Page > |
Use the Commutative and Associative Properties
In the following exercises, use the associative property to simplify.
$\left(n+17\right)+33$
In the following exercises, simplify.
$\frac{1}{2}+\frac{7}{8}+\left(-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{2}\right)$
$\frac{7}{8}$
$\frac{2}{5}+\frac{5}{12}+\left(-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{2}{5}\right)$
$\frac{3}{20}\xb7\frac{49}{11}\xb7\frac{20}{3}$
$\frac{49}{11}$
$\frac{13}{18}\xb7\frac{25}{7}\xb7\frac{18}{13}$
$\mathrm{-36}\xb711\xb7\frac{4}{9}$
$\left(\frac{5}{6}+\frac{8}{15}\right)+\frac{7}{15}$
$1\frac{5}{6}$
$\left(\frac{11}{12}+\frac{4}{9}\right)+\frac{5}{9}$
36(0.2)(5)
[9.731(4)](0.75)
$\mathrm{-23}\left(2n\right)$
$20\left(\frac{3}{5}q\right)$
$43m+\left(\mathrm{-12}n\right)+\left(\mathrm{-16}m\right)+\left(\mathrm{-9}n\right)$
$27m+\left(\mathrm{-21}n\right)$
$\mathrm{-22}p+17q+\left(\mathrm{-35}p\right)+\left(\mathrm{-27}q\right)$
$\frac{3}{8}g+\frac{1}{12}h+\frac{7}{8}g+\frac{5}{12}h$
$\frac{5}{4}g+\frac{1}{2}h$
$\frac{5}{6}a+\frac{3}{10}b+\frac{1}{6}a+\frac{9}{10}b$
$6.8p+9.14q+\left(\mathrm{-4.37}p\right)+\left(\mathrm{-0.88}q\right)$
$2.43p+8.26q$
$9.6m+7.22n+\left(\mathrm{-2.19}m\right)+\left(\mathrm{-0.65}n\right)$
Use the Identity and Inverse Properties of Addition and Multiplication
In the following exercises, find the additive inverse of each number.
ⓐ
$\frac{2}{5}$
ⓑ 4.3
ⓒ
$\mathrm{-8}$
ⓓ
$-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{10}{3}$
ⓐ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{2}{5}$ ⓑ $\mathrm{-4.3}$ ⓒ 8 ⓓ $\frac{10}{3}$
ⓐ
$\frac{5}{9}$
ⓑ 2.1
ⓒ
$\mathrm{-3}$
ⓓ
$-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{9}{5}$
ⓐ
$-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{7}{6}$
ⓑ
$\mathrm{-0.075}$
ⓒ 23
ⓓ
$\frac{1}{4}$
ⓐ $\frac{7}{6}$ ⓑ 0.075 ⓒ $\mathrm{-23}$ ⓓ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{4}$
ⓐ
$-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{8}{3}$
ⓑ
$\mathrm{-0.019}$
ⓒ 52
ⓓ
$\frac{5}{6}$
In the following exercises, find the multiplicative inverse of each number.
ⓐ 6 ⓑ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{4}$ ⓒ 0.7
ⓐ $\frac{1}{6}$ ⓑ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{3}$ ⓒ $\frac{10}{7}$
ⓐ 12 ⓑ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{9}{2}$ ⓒ 0.13
ⓐ $\frac{11}{12}$ ⓑ $\mathrm{-1.1}$ ⓒ $\mathrm{-4}$
ⓐ $\frac{12}{11}$ ⓑ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{10}{11}$ ⓒ $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{4}$
ⓐ $\frac{17}{20}$ ⓑ $\mathrm{-1.5}$ ⓒ $\mathrm{-3}$
Use the Properties of Zero
In the following exercises, simplify.
$\frac{3}{0}$
$\frac{6}{0}$
$0\xb7\frac{8}{15}$
$\frac{\frac{1}{10}}{0}$
Mixed Practice
In the following exercises, simplify.
$27c+16-27c$
$100\left(0.01p\right)$
$\frac{0}{v-65.1},$ where $v\ne 65.1$
$0\xf7\left(x-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{2}\right),$ where $x\ne \frac{1}{2}$
0
$0\xf7\left(y-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{6}\right),$ where $x\ne \frac{1}{6}$
$\frac{28-9b}{0},$ where
$28-9b\ne 0$
$\left(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{9}{10}m\right)\xf70$ where
$\frac{3}{4}+\frac{9}{10}m\ne 0$
undefined
$\left(\frac{5}{16}n-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{7}\right)\xf70$ where
$\frac{5}{16}n-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{7}\ne 0$
$18\xb7\frac{5}{6}\left(15h+24\right)$
Simplify Expressions Using the Distributive Property
In the following exercises, simplify using the distributive property.
$9\left(3w+7\right)$
$7\left(y-13\right)$
$\frac{1}{5}\left(4m+20\right)$
$9\left(\frac{5}{9}y-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{3}\right)$
$5y-3$
$10\left(\frac{3}{10}x-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{2}{5}\right)$
$12\left(\frac{1}{6}+\frac{3}{4}s\right)$
$u\left(v-10\right)$
$\left(a+7\right)x$
$\mathrm{-9}\left(9a+4\right)$
$\mathrm{-4}\left(q-7\right)$
$\text{\u2212}\left(5p-4\right)$
$18-4\left(x+2\right)$
$9-6\left(7n-5\right)$
$8-\left(r-7\right)$
$\left(4y-1\right)-\left(y-2\right)$
$9\left(5u+8\right)+2\left(u-6\right)$
$4\left(6x-1\right)-\left(\mathrm{-8}\right)$
$11\left(n-7\right)-5\left(n-1\right)$
$7\left(3n+9\right)-\left(4n-13\right)$
Insurance copayment Carrie had to have 5 fillings done. Each filling cost $80. Her dental insurance required her to pay 20% of the cost as a copay. Calculate Carrie’s copay:
ⓐ $80 ⓑ $80 ⓒ answers will vary
Cooking time Helen bought a 24-pound turkey for her family’s Thanksgiving dinner and wants to know what time to put the turkey in to the oven. She wants to allow 20 minutes per pound cooking time. Calculate the length of time needed to roast the turkey:
Buying by the case Trader Joe’s grocery stores sold a bottle of wine they called “Two Buck Chuck” for $1.99. They sold a case of 12 bottles for $23.88. To find the cost of 12 bottles at $1.99, notice that 1.99 is $2-0.01.$
ⓐ $23.88 ⓑ no, the price is the same
Multi-pack purchase Adele’s shampoo sells for $3.99 per bottle at the grocery store. At the warehouse store, the same shampoo is sold as a 3 pack for $10.49. To find the cost of 3 bottles at $3.99, notice that 3.99 is $4-0.01.$
In your own words, state the commutative property of addition.
Answers may vary
What is the difference between the additive inverse and the multiplicative inverse of a number?
Simplify $8\left(x-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{4}\right)$ using the distributive property and explain each step.
Answers may vary
Explain how you can multiply 4($5.97) without paper or calculator by thinking of $5.97 as $6-0.03$ and then using the distributive property.
ⓐ After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.
ⓑ After reviewing this checklist, what will you do to become confident for all objectives?
Notification Switch
Would you like to follow the 'Elementary algebra' conversation and receive update notifications?