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What is the slope of the line on the geoboard shown?
The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 5 and the peg in column 5, row 2, forming a line.

Solution

Use the definition of slope: m = rise run .

Start at the left peg and count the spaces up and to the right to reach the second peg.
The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 2, the peg in column 1, row 5 and the peg in column 5, row 2, forming a right triangle. The 1, 2 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 1, 5 peg to the 5, 2 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle. The line from the 1, 2 peg to the 1, 5 peg is labeled “3”. The line from the 1, 2 peg to the 5, 2 peg is labeled “4”.

The rise is 3. m = 3 run The run is 4. m = 3 4 The slope is 3 4 .

This means that the line rises 3 units for every 4 units of run.

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What is the slope of the line on the geoboard shown?

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 5 and the peg in column 4, row 1, forming a line.

4 3

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What is the slope of the line on the geoboard shown?

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 4 and the peg in column 5, row 3, forming a line.

1 4

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What is the slope of the line on the geoboard shown?
The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 3 and the peg in column 4, row 4, forming a line.

Solution

Use the definition of slope: m = rise run .

Start at the left peg and count the units down and to the right to reach the second peg.
The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 3, the peg in column 1, row 4 and the peg in column 4, row 4, forming a right triangle. The 1, 3 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 1, 4 peg to the 4, 4 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle. The line from the 1, 3 peg to the 1, 4 peg is labeled “negative 1”. The line from the 1, 4 peg to the 4, 4 peg is labeled “3”.

The rise is −1 . m = −1 run The run is 3. m = −1 3 m = 1 3 The slope is 1 3 .

This means that the line drops 1 unit for every 3 units of run.

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What is the slope of the line on the geoboard?

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 2 and the peg in column 4, row 4, forming a line.

2 3

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What is the slope of the line on the geoboard?

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 1 and the peg in column 4, row 5, forming a line.

4 3

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Notice that in [link] the slope is positive and in [link] the slope is negative. Do you notice any difference in the two lines shown in [link] (a) and [link] (b)?

The figure shows two grids of evenly spaced pegs, one labeled (a) and one labeled (b). There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs in each grid. In the (a) grid, a rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 5 and the peg in column 5, row 2, forming a line. Below this grid is the slope of a line defined as m equals 3 fourths. In the (b) grid, a rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 3 and the peg in column 4, row 4, forming a line. Below this grid is the slope of a line defined as m equals negative 1 third.

We ‘read’ a line from left to right just like we read words in English. As you read from left to right, the line in [link] (a) is going up; it has positive slope    . The line in [link] (b) is going down; it has negative slope    .

Positive and negative slopes

The figure shows two lines side-by-side. The line on the left is a diagonal line that rises from left to right. It is labeled “Positive slope”. The line on the right is a diagonal line that drops from left to right. It is labeled “Negative slope”.

Use a geoboard to model a line with slope 1 2 .

Solution

To model a line on a geoboard, we need the rise and the run.

Use the slope formula. m = rise run Replace m with 1 2 . 1 2 = rise run

So, the rise is 1 and the run is 2.

Start at a peg in the lower left of the geoboard.

Stretch the rubber band up 1 unit, and then right 2 units.
The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 3, the peg in column 1, row 4 and the peg in column 3, row 3, forming a right triangle. The 1, 3 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 1, 4 peg to the 3, 3 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle. The line from the 1, 3 peg to the 1, 4 peg is labeled “1”. The line from the 1, 3 peg to the 3, 3 peg is labeled “2”.

The hypotenuse of the right triangle formed by the rubber band represents a line whose slope is 1 2 .

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Model the slope m = 1 3 . Draw a picture to show your results.

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 2, row 3, the peg in column 2, row 4 and the peg in column 5, row 3, forming a right triangle. The 2, 3 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 2, 4 peg to the 5, 3 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle.

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Model the slope m = 3 2 . Draw a picture to show your results.

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 1, the peg in column 1, row 4 and the peg in column 3, row 1, forming a right triangle. The 1, 1 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 1, 4 peg to the 3, 1 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle.

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Use a geoboard to model a line with slope −1 4 .

Solution

Use the slope formula. m = rise run Replace m with −1 4 . −1 4 = rise run

So, the rise is −1 and the run is 4.

Since the rise is negative, we choose a starting peg on the upper left that will give us room to count down.

We stretch the rubber band down 1 unit, then go to the right 4 units, as shown.
The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 2, the peg in column 1, row 3 and the peg in column 5, row 3, forming a right triangle. The 1, 3 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 1, 2 peg to the 5, 3 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle. The line from the 1, 2 peg to the 1, 3 peg is labeled “negative 1”. The line from the 1, 3 peg to the 5, 3 peg is labeled “4”.

The hypotenuse of the right triangle formed by the rubber band represents a line whose slope is −1 4 .

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Model the slope m = −2 3 . Draw a picture to show your results.

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 2, row 3, the peg in column 2, row 5 and the peg in column 3, row 5, forming a right triangle. The 2, 5 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 2, 3 peg to the 3, 5 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle.

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Model the slope m = −1 3 . Draw a picture to show your results.

The figure shows a grid of evenly spaced pegs. There are 5 columns and 5 rows of pegs. A rubber band is stretched between the peg in column 1, row 1, the peg in column 1, row 2 and the peg in column 4, row 2, forming a right triangle. The 1, 2 peg forms the vertex of the 90 degree angle and the line from the 1, 1 peg to the 4, 2 peg forms the hypotenuse of the triangle.

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Use m = rise run To find the slope of a line from its graph

Now, we’ll look at some graphs on the x y -coordinate plane and see how to find their slopes. The method will be very similar to what we just modeled on our geoboards.

To find the slope, we must count out the rise and the run. But where do we start?

We locate two points on the line whose coordinates are integers. We then start with the point on the left and sketch a right triangle, so we can count the rise and run.

How to use m = rise run To find the slope of a line from its graph

Find the slope of the line shown.

The graph shows the x y coordinate plane. The x-axis runs from negative 1 to 6 and the y-axis runs from negative 4 to 2. A line passes through the points (0, negative 3) and (5, 1).

Solution

This table has three columns and four rows. The first row says, “Step 1. Locate two points on the graph whose coordinates are integers. Mark (0, negative 3) and (5, 1).” To the right is a line graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from negative 1 to 6. The y-axis of the plane runs from negative 4 to 2. The points (0, negative 3) and  (5, 1) are plotted. The second row says, “Step 2. Starting with the point on the left, sketch a right triangle, going from the first point to the second point. Starting at (0, negative 3), sketch a right triangle to (5, 1).” In the graph on the right, an additional point is plotted at (0, 1). The three points form a right triangle, with the line from (0, negative 3) to (5, 1) forming the hypotenuse and the lines from (0, negative 3) to (0, 1) and (0, 1) to (5, 1) forming the legs. The third row then says, “Step 3. Count the rise and the run on the legs of the triangle.” The rise is 4 and the run is 5. The fourth row says, “Step 4. Take the ratio of the rise to run to find the slope. Use the slope formula. Substitute the values of the rise and run.” To the right is the slope formula, m equals rise divided by run. The slope of the line is 4 divided by 5, or four fifths. This means that y increases 4 units as x increases 5 units.
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Find the slope of the line shown.

The graph shows the x y coordinate plane. The x-axis runs from negative 8 to 1 and the y-axis runs from negative 1 to 4. A line passes through the points (negative 5, 1) and (0, 3).

2 5

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Find the slope of the line shown.

The graph shows the x y coordinate plane. The x-axis runs from negative 1 to 5 and the y-axis runs from negative 2 to 4. A line passes through the points (0, negative 1) and (4, 2).

3 4

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Find the slope of a line from its graph using m = rise run .

  1. Locate two points on the line whose coordinates are integers.
  2. Starting with the point on the left, sketch a right triangle, going from the first point to the second point.
  3. Count the rise and the run on the legs of the triangle.
  4. Take the ratio of rise to run to find the slope, m = rise run .

Questions & Answers

Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles.
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LeBron needs 150 milliliters of a 30% solution of sulfuric acid for a lab experiment but only has access to a 25% and a 50% solution. How much of the 25% and how much of the 50% solution should he mix to make the 30% solution?
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5%
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how
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Does the x represent a number or does it need to be graphed ?
latonya
-3/x
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-3x is correct
Atul
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Three-fourths of the people at a concert are children. If there are 87 children, what is the total number of people at the concert?
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Erica earned a total of $50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college?
Tsimmuaj
Erica earned a total of $50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college?
Tsimmuaj
? Is there anything wrong with this passage I found the total sum for 2 jobs, but found why elaborate on extra If I total one week from the store *4 would = the month than the total is = x than x can't calculate 10 month of a year
candido
what would be wong
candido
87 divided by 3 then multiply that by 4. 116 people total.
Melissa
the actual number that has 3 out of 4 of a whole pie
candido
was having a hard time finding
Teddy
use Matrices for the 2nd question
Daniel
One number is 11 less than the other number. If their sum is increased by 8, the result is 71. Find the numbers.
Tsimmuaj Reply
26 + 37 = 63 + 8 = 71
gayla
26+37=63+8=71
ziad
11+52=63+8=71
Thisha
how do we know the answer is correct?
Thisha
23 is 11 less than 37. 23+37=63. 63+8=71. that is what the question asked for.
gayla
23 +11 = 37. 23+37=63 63+8=71
Gayla
by following the question. one number is 11 less than the other number 26+11=37 so 26+37=63+8=71
Gayla
your answer did not fit the guidelines of the question 11 is 41 less than 52.
gayla
71-8-11 =52 is this correct?
Ruel
let the number is 'x' and the other number is "x-11". if their sum is increased means: x+(x-11)+8 result will be 71. so x+(x-11)+8=71 2x-11+8=71 2x-3=71 2x=71+3 2x=74 1/2(2x=74)1/2 x=37 final answer
tesfu
just new
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company A 13 company b 5. A 17,000+13×100=29,100 B 29,000+5×20=29,100
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Toocute
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DaMarcus and Fabian live 23 miles apart and play soccer at a park between their homes. DaMarcus rode his bike for 34 of an hour and Fabian rode his bike for 12 of an hour to get to the park. Fabian’s speed was 6 miles per hour faster than DaMarcus’s speed. Find the speed of both soccer players.
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DaMarcus: 16 mi/hr Fabian: 22 mi/hr
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32 is 40% , & 8 is 10 % , & any 4 letters is 5%.
Karen
It felt that something is missing on the question like: 40% of what solution? 10% of what solution?
Jhea
its confusing
Sparcast
3% & 2% to complete the 25%
Sparcast
because she already has 20 liters.
Sparcast
ok I was a little confused I agree 15% & 5%
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8,2
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Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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