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Evaluate 3 x 2 9 x + 7 when

  1. x = 3
  2. x = −1

Solution

x = 3
3 x 2 9 x + 7
Substitute 3 for x 3 ( 3 ) 2 9 ( 3 ) + 7
Simplify the expression with the exponent. 3 · 9 9 ( 3 ) + 7
Multiply. 27 27 + 7
Simplify. 7
x = −1
3 x 2 9 x + 7
Substitute −1 for x 3 ( −1 ) 2 9 ( −1 ) + 7
Simplify the expression with the exponent. 3 · 1 9 ( −1 ) + 7
Multiply. 3 + 9 + 7
Simplify. 19
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Evaluate: 2 x 2 + 4 x 3 when

  1. x = 2
  2. x = −3

  1. 13
  2. 3

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Evaluate: 7 y 2 y 2 when

  1. y = −4
  2. y = 0

  1. 114
  2. −2

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The polynomial −16 t 2 + 300 gives the height of an object t seconds after it is dropped from a 300 foot tall bridge. Find the height after t = 3 seconds.

Solution

.
Substitute 3 for t .
Simplify the expression with the exponent. .
Multiply. .
Simplify. .
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The polynomial −8 t 2 + 24 t + 4 gives the height, in feet, of a ball t seconds after it is tossed into the air, from an initial height of 4 feet. Find the height after t = 3 seconds.

4 feet

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The polynomial −8 t 2 + 24 t + 4 gives the height, in feet, of a ball x seconds after it is tossed into the air, from an initial height of 4 feet. Find the height after t = 2 seconds.

20 feet

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Practice makes perfect

Identify Polynomials, Monomials, Binomials and Trinomials

In the following exercises, determine if each of the polynomials is a monomial, binomial, trinomial, or other polynomial.

a 2 + 9 a + 18

trinomial

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y 3 8 y 2 + 2 y 16

polynomial

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m 4 + 4 m 3 + 6 m 2 + 4 m + 1

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Determine the Degree of Polynomials

In the following exercises, determine the degree of each polynomial.

5 c 3 + 11 c 2 c 8

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Add and Subtract Monomials

In the following exercises, add or subtract the monomials.

Add: 4 a , 3 b , 8 a

−4 a −3 b

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Add: 4 x , 3 y , 3 x

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Subtract 5 x 6 from 12 x 6

−17 x 6

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Subtract 2 p 4 from 7 p 4

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Add and Subtract Polynomials

In the following exercises, add or subtract the polynomials.

( 4 y 2 + 10 y + 3 ) + ( 8 y 2 6 y + 5 )

12 y 2 + 4 y + 8

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( 7 x 2 9 x + 2 ) + ( 6 x 2 4 x + 3 )

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( x 2 + 6 x + 8 ) + ( −4 x 2 + 11 x 9 )

−3 x 2 + 17 x − 1

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( y 2 + 9 y + 4 ) + ( −2 y 2 5 y 1 )

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( 3 a 2 + 7 ) + ( a 2 7 a 18 )

4 a 2 − 7 a − 11

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( p 2 5 p 11 ) + ( 3 p 2 + 9 )

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( 6 m 2 9 m 3 ) ( 2 m 2 + m 5 )

4 m 2 − 10 m + 2

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( 3 n 2 4 n + 1 ) ( 4 n 2 n 2 )

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( z 2 + 8 z + 9 ) ( z 2 3 z + 1 )

11 z + 8

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( z 2 7 z + 5 ) ( z 2 8 z + 6 )

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( 12 s 2 15 s ) ( s 9 )

12 s 2 − 16 s + 9

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( 10 r 2 20 r ) ( r 8 )

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Find the sum of ( 2 p 3 8 ) and ( p 2 + 9 p + 18 )

2 p 3 + p 2 + 9 p + 10

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Find the sum of ( q 2 + 4 q + 13 ) and ( 7 q 3 3 )

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Subtract ( 7 x 2 4 x + 2 ) from ( 8 x 2 x + 6 )

x 2 + 3 x + 4

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Subtract ( 5 x 2 x + 12 ) from ( 9 x 2 6 x 20 )

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Find the difference of ( w 2 + w 42 ) and ( w 2 10 w + 24 )

11 w − 66

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Find the difference of ( z 2 3 z 18 ) and ( z 2 + 5 z 20 )

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Evaluate a Polynomial for a Given Value

In the following exercises, evaluate each polynomial for the given value.

Evaluate 8 y 2 3 y + 2

  1. y = 5
  2. y = −2
  3. y = 0

  1. 187
  2. 40
  3. 2

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Evaluate 5 y 2 y 7 when:

  1. y = −4
  2. y = 1
  3. y = 0

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Evaluate 4 36 x when:

  1. x = 3
  2. x = 0
  3. x = −1

  1. −104
  2. 4
  3. 40

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Evaluate 16 36 x 2 when:

  1. x = −1
  2. x = 0
  3. x = 2

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A window washer drops a squeegee from a platform 275 feet high. The polynomial −16 t 2 + 275 gives the height of the squeegee t seconds after it was dropped. Find the height after t = 4 seconds.

19 feet

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A manufacturer of microwave ovens has found that the revenue received from selling microwaves at a cost of p dollars each is given by the polynomial −5 p 2 + 350 p . Find the revenue received when p = 50 dollars.

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Everyday math

Fuel Efficiency The fuel efficiency (in miles per gallon) of a bus going at a speed of x miles per hour is given by the polynomial 1 160 x 2 + 1 2 x . Find the fuel efficiency when x = 40 mph.

10 mpg

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Stopping Distance The number of feet it takes for a car traveling at x miles per hour to stop on dry, level concrete is given by the polynomial 0.06 x 2 + 1.1 x . Find the stopping distance when x = 60 mph.

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Writing exercises

Using your own words, explain the difference between a monomial, a binomial, and a trinomial.

Answers will vary.

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Eloise thinks the sum 5 x 2 + 3 x 4 is 8 x 6 . What is wrong with her reasoning?

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Self check

After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

.

If most of your checks were:

…confidently. Congratulations! You have achieved the objectives in this section. Reflect on the study skills you used so that you can continue to use them. What did you do to become confident of your ability to do these things? Be specific.

…with some help. This must be addressed quickly because topics you do not master become potholes in your road to success. In math, every topic builds upon previous work. It is important to make sure you have a strong foundation before you move on. Who can you ask for help? Your fellow classmates and instructor are good resources. Is there a place on campus where math tutors are available? Can your study skills be improved?

…no—I don’t get it! This is a warning sign and you must not ignore it. You should get help right away or you will quickly be overwhelmed. See your instructor as soon as you can to discuss your situation. Together you can come up with a plan to get you the help you need.

Questions & Answers

how do I set up the problem?
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what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
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Shirley Reply
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Abdullahi
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Mark
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find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
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corri
X=16
Michael
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Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
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Opoku
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Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
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x+2y-z=7
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what is the coefficient of -4×
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-1
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the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
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How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
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why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
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I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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