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Find two consecutive even numbers whose product is 624.

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A triangular banner has an area of 351 square centimeters. The length of the base is two centimeters longer than four times the height. Find the height and length of the base.

The height of the banner is 13 cm and the length of the side is 54 cm.

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Julius built a triangular display case for his coin collection. The height of the display case is six inches less than twice the width of the base. The area of the of the back of the case is 70 square inches. Find the height and width of the case.

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A tile mosaic in the shape of a right triangle is used as the corner of a rectangular pathway. The hypotenuse of the mosaic is 5 feet. One side of the mosaic is twice as long as the other side. What are the lengths of the sides? Round to the nearest tenth.

The image shows a rectangular pathway with a right inlaid in the lower left corner. The right angle of the triangle overlays the lower left corner of the rectangle. The left leg of the right triangle overlays the left side of the rectangle and the hypotenuse of the right triangle runs from the upper left corner of the rectangle to a point on the bottom of the rectangle.

The lengths of the sides of the mosaic are 2.2 and 4.4 feet.

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A rectangular piece of plywood has a diagonal which measures two feet more than the width. The length of the plywood is twice the width. What is the length of the plywood’s diagonal? Round to the nearest tenth.

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The front walk from the street to Pam’s house has an area of 250 square feet. Its length is two less than four times its width. Find the length and width of the sidewalk. Round to the nearest tenth.

The width of the front walk is 8.1 feet and its length is 30.8 feet.

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For Sophia’s graduation party, several tables of the same width will be arranged end to end to give a serving table with a total area of 75 square feet. The total length of the tables will be two more than three times the width. Find the length and width of the serving table so Sophia can purchase the correct size tablecloth. Round answer to the nearest tenth.

The image shows four rectangular tables placed side by side to create one large table.
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A ball is thrown vertically in the air with a velocity of 160 ft/sec. Use the formula h = −16 t 2 + v 0 t to determine when the ball will be 384 feet from the ground. Round to the nearest tenth.

The ball will reach 384 feet on its way up in 4 seconds and on the way down in 6 seconds.

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A bullet is fired straight up from the ground at a velocity of 320 ft/sec. Use the formula h = −16 t 2 + v 0 t to determine when the bullet will reach 800 feet. Round to the nearest tenth.

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10.5 Graphing Quadratic Equations in Two Variables

In the following exercises, graph by plotting point.

In the following exercises, determine if the following parabolas open up or down.

y = −3 x 2 + 3 x 1

down

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y = −4 x 2 7 x + 1

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In the following exercises, find the axis of symmetry and the vertex.

y = x 2 + 6 x + 8

x = 3 ( 3 , 17 )

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In the following exercises, find the x - and y -intercepts.

y = x 2 4 x + 5

y : ( 0 , 5 ) ; x : ( 5 , 0 ) , ( −1 , 0 )

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y = x 2 4 x + 10

y : ( 0 , 10 ) ; x : none

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y = −5 x 2 30 x 46

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y = 16 x 2 8 x + 1

y : ( 0 , 1 ) ; x : ( 1 4 , 0 )

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In the following exercises, graph by using intercepts, the vertex, and the axis of symmetry.

y = x 2 + 8 x + 15

y : ( 0 , 15 ) ; x : ( −3 , 0 ) , ( −5 , 0 ) ;
axis: x = −4 ; vertex : ( −4 , −1 )
This figure shows an upward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from -10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from -2 to 17. The parabola has points plotted at the vertex (-4, -1) and the intercepts (-3, 0), (-5, 0) and (0, 15). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals -4.

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y = x 2 + 8 x 16

y : ( 0 , −16 ) ; x : ( 4 , 0 ) ;
axis: x = 4 ; vertex : ( 4 , 0 )
This figure shows a downward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from -15 to 12. The y-axis of the plane runs from -20 to 2. The parabola has points plotted at the vertex (4, 0) and the intercept (0, -16). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals 4.

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y = x 2 + 6 x + 13

y : ( 0 , 13 ) ; x : none ;
axis: x = −3 ; vertex : ( −3 , 4 )
This figure shows an upward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from -10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from -2 to 18. The parabola has points plotted at the vertex (-3, 4) and the intercept (0, 13). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals -3.

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y = −2 x 2 8 x 12

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y = −4 x 2 + 16 x 11

y : ( 0 , −11 ) x : ( 3.1 , 0 ) , ( 0.9 , 0 ) ;
axis: x = 2 ; vertex: ( 2 , 5 )
This figure shows a downward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from -10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from -10 to 10. The parabola has points plotted at the vertex (2, 5) and the intercepts (3.1, 0) and (0.9, 0). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals 2.

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In the following exercises, find the minimum or maximum value.

y = 7 x 2 + 14 x + 6

The minimum value is −1 when x = −1 .

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y = −3 x 2 + 12 x 10

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In the following exercises, solve. Rounding answers to the nearest tenth.

A ball is thrown upward from the ground with an initial velocity of 112 ft/sec. Use the quadratic equation h = −16 t 2 + 112 t to find how long it will take the ball to reach maximum height, and then find the maximum height.

In 3.5 seconds the ball is at its maximum height of 196 feet.

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A daycare facility is enclosing a rectangular area along the side of their building for the children to play outdoors. They need to maximize the area using 180 feet of fencing on three sides of the yard. The quadratic equation A = −2 x 2 + 180 x gives the area, A , of the yard for the length, x , of the building that will border the yard. Find the length of the building that should border the yard to maximize the area, and then find the maximum area.

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Practice test

Use the Square Root Property to solve the quadratic equation: 3 ( w + 5 ) 2 = 27 .

w = −2 , −8

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Use Completing the Square to solve the quadratic equation: a 2 8 a + 7 = 23 .

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Use the Quadratic Formula to solve the quadratic equation: 2 m 2 5 m + 3 = 0 .

m = 1 , 3 2

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Solve the following quadratic equations. Use any method.

3 n 2 + 8 n + 3 = 0

n = −4 ± 7 3

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x ( x + 3 ) + 12 = 0

no real solution

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Use the discriminant to determine the number of solutions of each quadratic equation.

6 p 2 13 p + 7 = 0

2

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Solve by factoring, the Square Root Property, or the Quadratic Formula.

Find two consecutive even numbers whose product is 360.

Two consecutive even number are −20 and −18 and 18 and 20.

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The length of a diagonal of a rectangle is three more than the width. The length of the rectangle is three times the width. Find the length of the diagonal. (Round to the nearest tenth.)

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For each parabola, find which ways it opens, the axis of symmetry, the vertex, the x - and y -intercepts, and the maximum or minimum value.

y = 3 x 2 + 6 x + 8

up x = −1 ( −1 , 5 ) y : ( 0 , 8 ) ; x : none minimum value of 5 when x = −1

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y = x 2 + 10 x + 24

up x = −5 ( −5 , −1 ) y ; ( 0 , 24 ) ; x : ( −6 , 0 ) , ( −4 , 0 ) minimum value of −5 when x = −1

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y = −3 x 2 + 12 x 8

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y = x 2 8 x + 16

down x = −4
( −4 , 32 ) y ; ( 0 , 16 ) ; x : ( −9.7 , 0 ) , ( 1.7 , 0 )
maximum value of 32 when x = −4

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Graph the following parabolas by using intercepts, the vertex, and the axis of symmetry.

y = 16 x 2 + 24 x + 9

y : ( 0 , 9 ) ; x : ( 3 4 , 0 ) ;
axis: x = 3 4 ; vertex : ( 3 4 , 0 )
This figure shows an upward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from -10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from -10 to 10. The parabola has points plotted at the vertex (3 fourths, 0) and the intercept (0, 9). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals 3 fourths.

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Solve.

A water balloon is launched upward at the rate of 86 ft/sec. Using the formula h = −16 t 2 + 86 t , find how long it will take the balloon to reach the maximum height and then find the maximum height. Round to the nearest tenth.

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Questions & Answers

Geneva treated her parents to dinner at their favorite restaurant. The bill was $74.25. Geneva wants to leave 16 % of the total - bill as a tip. How much should the tip be?
74.25 × .16 then get the total and that will be your tip
David
$74.25 x 0.16 = $11.88 total bill: $74.25 + $11.88 = $86.13
ericka
yes and tip 16% will be $11.88
David
what is the shorter way to do it
Cesar Reply
Priam has dimes and pennies in a cup holder in his car. The total value of the coins is $4.21. The number of dimes is three less than four times the number of pennies. How many dimes and how many pennies are in the cup?
Alexandra Reply
Uno de los ángulos suplementario es 4° más que 1/3 del otro ángulo encuentra las medidas de cada uno de los angulos
Enith Reply
June needs 48 gallons of punch for a party and has two different coolers to carry it in. The bigger cooler is five times as large as the smaller cooler. How many gallons can each cooler hold?
Alexandra Reply
I hope this is correct, x=cooler 1 5x=cooler 2 x + 5x = 48 6x=48 ×=8 gallons 5×=40 gallons
ericka
Priam has pennies and dimes in a cup holder in his car. The total value of the coins is $4.21 . The number of dimes is three less than four times the number of pennies. How many pennies and how many dimes are in the cup?
Cecilia Reply
Arnold invested $64,000 some at 5.5% interest and the rest at 9% interest how much did he invest at each rate if he received $4500 in interest in one year
Heidi Reply
List five positive thoughts you can say to yourself that will help youapproachwordproblemswith a positive attitude. You may want to copy them on a sheet of paper and put it in the front of your notebook, where you can read them often.
Elbert Reply
Avery and Caden have saved $27,000 towards a down payment on a house. They want to keep some of the money in a bank account that pays 2.4% annual interest and the rest in a stock fund that pays 7.2% annual interest. How much should they put into each account so that they earn 6% interest per year?
Leika Reply
324.00
Irene
1.2% of 27.000
Irene
i did 2.4%-7.2% i got 1.2%
Irene
I have 6% of 27000 = 1620 so we need to solve 2.4x +7.2y =1620
Catherine
I think Catherine is on the right track. Solve for x and y.
Scott
next bit : x=(1620-7.2y)/2.4 y=(1620-2.4x)/7.2 I think we can then put the expression on the right hand side of the "x=" into the second equation. 2.4x in the second equation can be rewritten as 2.4(rhs of first equation) I write this out tidy and get back to you...
Catherine
Darrin is hanging 200 feet of Christmas garland on the three sides of fencing that enclose his rectangular front yard. The length is five feet less than five times the width. Find the length and width of the fencing.
Ericka Reply
Mario invested $475 in $45 and $25 stock shares. The number of $25 shares was five less than three times the number of $45 shares. How many of each type of share did he buy?
Jawad Reply
let # of $25 shares be (x) and # of $45 shares be (y) we start with $25x + $45y=475, right? we are told the number of $25 shares is 3y-5) so plug in this for x. $25(3y-5)+$45y=$475 75y-125+45y=475 75y+45y=600 120y=600 y=5 so if #$25 shares is (3y-5) plug in y.
Joshua
will every polynomial have finite number of multiples?
cricket Reply
a=# of 10's. b=# of 20's; a+b=54; 10a + 20b=$910; a=54 -b; 10(54-b) + 20b=$910; 540-10b+20b=$910; 540+10b=$910; 10b=910-540; 10b=370; b=37; so there are 37 20's and since a+b=54, a+37=54; a=54-37=17; a=17, so 17 10's. So lets check. $740+$170=$910.
David Reply
. A cashier has 54 bills, all of which are $10 or $20 bills. The total value of the money is $910. How many of each type of bill does the cashier have?
jojo Reply
whats the coefficient of 17x
Dwayne Reply
the solution says it 14 but how i thought it would be 17 im i right or wrong is the exercise wrong
Dwayne
17
Melissa
wow the exercise told me 17x solution is 14x lmao
Dwayne
thank you
Dwayne
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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