# 6.3 Multiply polynomials

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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
• Multiply a polynomial by a monomial
• Multiply a binomial by a binomial
• Multiply a trinomial by a binomial

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

1. Distribute: $2\left(x+3\right).$
If you missed this problem, review [link] .
2. Combine like terms: ${x}^{2}+9x+7x+63.$
If you missed this problem, review [link] .

## Multiply a polynomial by a monomial

We have used the Distributive Property to simplify expressions like $2\left(x-3\right)$ . You multiplied both terms in the parentheses, $x\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}3$ , by 2, to get $2x-6$ . With this chapter’s new vocabulary, you can say you were multiplying a binomial, $x-3$ , by a monomial, 2.

Multiplying a binomial    by a monomial    is nothing new for you! Here’s an example:

Multiply: $4\left(x+3\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Simplify. Multiply: $5\left(x+7\right).$

$5x+35$

Multiply: $3\left(y+13\right).$

$3y+39$

Multiply: $y\left(y-2\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Simplify. Multiply: $x\left(x-7\right).$

${x}^{2}-7x$

Multiply: $d\left(d-11\right).$

${d}^{2}-11d$

Multiply: $7x\left(2x+y\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Simplify. Multiply: $5x\left(x+4y\right).$

$5{x}^{2}+20xy$

Multiply: $2p\left(6p+r\right).$

$12{p}^{2}+2pr$

Multiply: $-2y\left(4{y}^{2}+3y-5\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Simplify. Multiply: $-3y\left(5{y}^{2}+8y-7\right).$

$-15{y}^{3}-24{y}^{2}+21y$

Multiply: $4{x}^{2}\left(2{x}^{2}-3x+5\right).$

$8{x}^{4}-24{x}^{3}+20{x}^{2}$

Multiply: $2{x}^{3}\left({x}^{2}-8x+1\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Simplify. Multiply: $4x\left(3{x}^{2}-5x+3\right).$

$12{x}^{3}-20{x}^{2}+12x$

Multiply: $-6{a}^{3}\left(3{a}^{2}-2a+6\right).$

$-18{a}^{5}+12{a}^{4}-36{a}^{3}$

Multiply: $\left(x+3\right)p.$

## Solution

 The monomial is the second factor. Distribute. Simplify. Multiply: $\left(x+8\right)p.$

$xp+8p$

Multiply: $\left(a+4\right)p.$

$ap+4p$

## Multiply a binomial by a binomial

Just like there are different ways to represent multiplication of numbers, there are several methods that can be used to multiply a binomial    times a binomial. We will start by using the Distributive Property.

## Multiply a binomial by a binomial using the distributive property

Look at [link] , where we multiplied a binomial by a monomial    . We distributed the p to get: What if we have ( x + 7) instead of p ? Distribute ( x + 7). Distribute again. Combine like terms. Notice that before combining like terms, you had four terms. You multiplied the two terms of the first binomial by the two terms of the second binomial—four multiplications.

Multiply: $\left(y+5\right)\left(y+8\right).$

## Solution Distribute ( y + 8). Distribute again Combine like terms. Multiply: $\left(x+8\right)\left(x+9\right).$

${x}^{2}+17x+72$

Multiply: $\left(5x+9\right)\left(4x+3\right).$

$20{x}^{2}+51x+27$

Multiply: $\left(2y+5\right)\left(3y+4\right).$

## Solution Distribute (3 y + 4). Distribute again Combine like terms. Multiply: $\left(3b+5\right)\left(4b+6\right).$

$12{b}^{2}+38b+30$

Multiply: $\left(a+10\right)\left(a+7\right).$

${a}^{2}+17a+70$

Multiply: $\left(4y+3\right)\left(2y-5\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Distribute again. Combine like terms. Multiply: $\left(5y+2\right)\left(6y-3\right).$

$30{y}^{2}-3y-6$

Multiply: $\left(3c+4\right)\left(5c-2\right).$

$15{c}^{2}+14c-8$

Multiply: $\left(x+2\right)\left(x-y\right).$

## Solution Distribute. Distribute again. There are no like terms to combine.

Multiply: $\left(a+7\right)\left(a-b\right).$

${a}^{2}-ab+7a-7b$

Multiply: $\left(x+5\right)\left(x-y\right).$

${x}^{2}-xy+5x-5y$

## Multiply a binomial by a binomial using the foil method

Remember that when you multiply a binomial by a binomial you get four terms. Sometimes you can combine like terms to get a trinomial    , but sometimes, like in [link] , there are no like terms to combine.

Let’s look at the last example again and pay particular attention to how we got the four terms.

$\begin{array}{c}\hfill \left(x-2\right)\left(x-y\right)\hfill \\ \hfill {x}^{2}-xy-2x+2y\hfill \end{array}$

Where did the first term, ${x}^{2}$ , come from? We abbreviate “First, Outer, Inner, Last” as FOIL. The letters stand for ‘ F irst, O uter, I nner, L ast’. The word FOIL is easy to remember and ensures we find all four products.

p-2/3=5/6 how do I solve it with explanation pls
P=3/2
Vanarith
1/2p2-2/3p=5p/6
James
is y=7/5 a solution of 5y+3=10y-4
yes
James
Lucinda has a pocketful of dimes and quarters with a value of $6.20. The number of dimes is 18 more than 3 times the number of quarters. How many dimes and how many quarters does Lucinda have? Rhonda Reply Find an equation for the line that passes through the point P ( 0 , − 4 ) and has a slope 8/9 . Gabriel Reply is that a negative 4 or positive 4? Felix y = mx + b Felix if negative -4, then -4=8/9(0) + b Felix -4=b Felix if positive 4, then 4=b Felix then plug in y=8/9x - 4 or y=8/9x+4 Felix Macario is making 12 pounds of nut mixture with macadamia nuts and almonds. macadamia nuts cost$9 per pound and almonds cost $5.25 per pound. how many pounds of macadamia nuts and how many pounds of almonds should macario use for the mixture to cost$6.50 per pound to make?
Nga and Lauren bought a chest at a flea market for $50. They re-finished it and then added a 350 % mark - up Makaila Reply the sum of two Numbers is 19 and their difference is 15 Abdulai Reply 2, 17 Jose interesting saw Felecia left her home to visit her daughter, driving 45mph. Her husband waited for the dog sitter to arrive and left home 20 minutes, or 13 hour later. He drove 55mph to catch up to Felecia. How long before he reaches her? Rafi Reply integer greater than 2 and less than 12 Emily Reply 2 < x < 12 Felix I'm guessing you are doing inequalities... Felix Actually, translating words into algebraic expressions / equations... Felix hi Darianna hello Mister Eric here Eric He charges$125 per job. His monthly expenses are $1,600. How many jobs must he work in order to make a profit of at least$2,400?
at least 20
Ayla
what are the steps?
Alicia
6.4 jobs
Grahame
32
Grahame
1600+2400= total amount with expenses. 4000/125= number of jobs needed to make that min profit of 2400. answer is 32
Orlando
He must work 32 jobs to make a profit
POP
what is algebra
repeated addition and subtraction of the order of operations. i love algebra I'm obsessed.
Shemiah
hi
Krekar
Eric here. I'm a parent. 53 years old. I have never taken algebra. I want to learn.
Eric
One-fourth of the candies in a bag of M&M’s are red. If there are 23 red candies, how many candies are in the bag?
they are 92 candies in the bag
POP
rectangular field solutions
What is this?
Donna
t
muqtaar
the proudact of 3x^3-5×^2+3 and 2x^2+5x-4 in z7[x]/ is
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Choli
a rock is thrown directly upward with an initial velocity of 96feet per second from a cliff 190 feet above a beach. The hight of tha rock above the beach after t second is given by the equation h=_16t^2+96t+190
Usman
Stella bought a dinette set on sale for $725. The original price was$1,299. To the nearest tenth of a percent, what was the rate of discount?
44.19%
Scott
40.22%
Terence
44.2%
Orlando
I don't know
Donna
if you want the discounted price subtract $725 from$1299. then divide the answer by $1299. you get 0.4419... but as percent you get 44.19... but to the nearest tenth... round .19 to .2 and you get 44.2% Orlando you could also just divide$725/\$1299 and then subtract it from 1. then you get the same answer.
Orlando By Anh Dao By Danielrosenberger By Madison Christian By Robert Morris By Dravida Mahadeo-J... By Jonathan Long By OpenStax By Christine Zeelie By Edgar Delgado By OpenStax