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In the following exercises, check whether the given values are solutions.

For the equation x + 12 = x :
Is x = 4 a solution?
Is x = −3 a solution?

yes no

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For the equation y + 20 = y :
Is y = 4 a solution?
Is y = −5 a solution?

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For the equation t + 6 = t :
Is t = −2 a solution?
Is t = 3 a solution?

no yes

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For the equation u + 42 = u :
Is u = −6 a solution?
Is u = 7 a solution?

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In the following exercises, solve.

5 v 2 + 5 = 0

no solution

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2 m + 1 + 4 = 0

no solution

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u 3 + 3 = u
x + 1 x + 1 = 0

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v 10 + 10 = v
y + 4 y + 2 = 0

10 , 11 5

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r 1 r = −1
z + 100 z + 10 = 0

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s 8 s = −8
w + 25 w + 5 = 0

8 , 9 11

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4 v + 3 = v 6

not a real number

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12 c + 6 = 10 4 c

1 4

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a + 2 = a + 4
b 2 + 1 = 3 b + 2

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r + 6 = r + 8
s 3 + 2 = s + 4

no solution 57 16

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u + 1 = u + 4
n 5 + 4 = 3 n + 7

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x + 10 = x + 2
y 2 + 2 = 2 y + 4

no solution 6

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8 u + 1 + 9 = 0

no solution

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Use Square Roots in Applications

In the following exercises, solve. Round approximations to one decimal place.

Landscaping Reed wants to have a square garden plot in his backyard. He has enough compost to cover an area of 75 square feet. Use the formula s = A to find the length of each side of his garden. Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.

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Landscaping Vince wants to make a square patio in his yard. He has enough concrete to pave an area of 130 square feet. Use the formula s = A to find the length of each side of his patio. Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.

11.4 feet

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Gravity While putting up holiday decorations, Renee dropped a light bulb from the top of a 64 foot tall tree. Use the formula t = h 4 to find how many seconds it took for the light bulb to reach the ground.

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Gravity An airplane dropped a flare from a height of 1024 feet above a lake. Use the formula t = h 4 to find how many seconds it took for the flare to reach the water.

8 seconds

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Gravity A hang glider dropped his cell phone from a height of 350 feet. Use the formula t = h 4 to find how many seconds it took for the cell phone to reach the ground.

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Gravity A construction worker dropped a hammer while building the Grand Canyon skywalk, 4000 feet above the Colorado River. Use the formula t = h 4 to find how many seconds it took for the hammer to reach the river.

15.8 seconds

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Accident investigation The skid marks for a car involved in an accident measured 54 feet. Use the formula s = 24 d to find the speed of the car before the brakes were applied. Round your answer to the nearest tenth.

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Accident investigation The skid marks for a car involved in an accident measured 216 feet. Use the formula s = 24 d to find the speed of the car before the brakes were applied. Round your answer to the nearest tenth.

72 feet

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Accident investigation An accident investigator measured the skid marks of one of the vehicles involved in an accident. The length of the skid marks was 175 feet. Use the formula s = 24 d to find the speed of the vehicle before the brakes were applied. Round your answer to the nearest tenth.

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Accident investigation An accident investigator measured the skid marks of one of the vehicles involved in an accident. The length of the skid marks was 117 feet. Use the formula s = 24 d to find the speed of the vehicle before the brakes were applied. Round your answer to the nearest tenth.

53.0 feet

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Writing exercises

Explain why an equation of the form x + 1 = 0 has no solution.

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  1. Solve the equation r + 4 r + 2 = 0 .
  2. Explain why one of the “solutions” that was found was not actually a solution to the equation.

Answers will vary.

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Self check

After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

This table has two rows and four columns. The first row labels each column, “I can…,” “Confidently,” “With some help,” and “No minus I don’t get it!” The row under “I can…,” reads, “use square roots in applications.” All the other rows are empty.

After reviewing this checklist, what will you do to become confident for all objectives?

Questions & Answers

Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles.
Dojzae Reply
LeBron needs 150 milliliters of a 30% solution of sulfuric acid for a lab experiment but only has access to a 25% and a 50% solution. How much of the 25% and how much of the 50% solution should he mix to make the 30% solution?
Xona Reply
5%
Michael
hey everyone how to do algebra
The Reply
Felecia answer 1.5 hours before he reaches her
Adriana Reply
I would like to solve the problem -6/2x
rachel Reply
12x
Andrew
how
Christian
Does the x represent a number or does it need to be graphed ?
latonya
-3/x
Venugopal
-3x is correct
Atul
Arnold invested $64,000, some at 5.5% interest and the rest at 9%. How much did he invest at each rate if he received $4,500 in interest in one year?
Stephanie Reply
Tickets for the community fair cost $12 for adults and $5 for children. On the first day of the fair, 312 tickets were sold for a total of $2204. How many adult tickets and how many child tickets were sold?
Alpha Reply
220
gayla
Three-fourths of the people at a concert are children. If there are 87 children, what is the total number of people at the concert?
Tsimmuaj Reply
Erica earned a total of $50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college?
Tsimmuaj
Erica earned a total of $50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college?
Tsimmuaj
? Is there anything wrong with this passage I found the total sum for 2 jobs, but found why elaborate on extra If I total one week from the store *4 would = the month than the total is = x than x can't calculate 10 month of a year
candido
what would be wong
candido
87 divided by 3 then multiply that by 4. 116 people total.
Melissa
the actual number that has 3 out of 4 of a whole pie
candido
was having a hard time finding
Teddy
use Matrices for the 2nd question
Daniel
One number is 11 less than the other number. If their sum is increased by 8, the result is 71. Find the numbers.
Tsimmuaj Reply
26 + 37 = 63 + 8 = 71
gayla
26+37=63+8=71
ziad
11+52=63+8=71
Thisha
how do we know the answer is correct?
Thisha
23 is 11 less than 37. 23+37=63. 63+8=71. that is what the question asked for.
gayla
23 +11 = 37. 23+37=63 63+8=71
Gayla
by following the question. one number is 11 less than the other number 26+11=37 so 26+37=63+8=71
Gayla
your answer did not fit the guidelines of the question 11 is 41 less than 52.
gayla
71-8-11 =52 is this correct?
Ruel
let the number is 'x' and the other number is "x-11". if their sum is increased means: x+(x-11)+8 result will be 71. so x+(x-11)+8=71 2x-11+8=71 2x-3=71 2x=71+3 2x=74 1/2(2x=74)1/2 x=37 final answer
tesfu
just new
Muwanga
Amara currently sells televisions for company A at a salary of $17,000 plus a $100 commission for each television she sells. Company B offers her a position with a salary of $29,000 plus a $20 commission for each television she sells. How televisions would Amara need to sell for the options to be equal?
Tsimmuaj Reply
yes math
Kenneth
company A 13 company b 5. A 17,000+13×100=29,100 B 29,000+5×20=29,100
gayla
need help with math to do tsi test
Toocute
me too
Christian
have you tried the TSI practice test ***tsipracticetest.com
gayla
DaMarcus and Fabian live 23 miles apart and play soccer at a park between their homes. DaMarcus rode his bike for 34 of an hour and Fabian rode his bike for 12 of an hour to get to the park. Fabian’s speed was 6 miles per hour faster than DaMarcus’s speed. Find the speed of both soccer players.
gustavo Reply
?
Ann
DaMarcus: 16 mi/hr Fabian: 22 mi/hr
Sherman
Joy is preparing 20 liters of a 25% saline solution. She has only a 40% solution and a 10% solution in her lab. How many liters of the 40% solution and how many liters of the 10% solution should she mix to make the 25% solution?
Wenda Reply
15 and 5
32 is 40% , & 8 is 10 % , & any 4 letters is 5%.
Karen
It felt that something is missing on the question like: 40% of what solution? 10% of what solution?
Jhea
its confusing
Sparcast
3% & 2% to complete the 25%
Sparcast
because she already has 20 liters.
Sparcast
ok I was a little confused I agree 15% & 5%
Sparcast
8,2
Karen
Jim and Debbie earned $7200. Debbie earned $1600 more than Jim earned. How much did they earned
Arleathia Reply
5600
Gloria
1600
Gloria
Bebbie: 4,400 Jim: 2,800
Jhea
A river cruise boat sailed 80 miles down the Mississippi River for 4 hours. It took 5 hours to return. Find the rate of the cruise boat in still water and the rate of the current.
Sunnyshay Reply
A veterinarian is enclosing a rectangular outdoor running area against his building for the dogs he cares for. He needs to maximize the area using 100 feet of fencing. The quadratic equation A=x(100−2x) gives the area, A , of the dog run for the length, x , of the building that will border the dog run. Find the length of the building that should border the dog run to give the maximum area, and then find the maximum area of the dog run.
Elizabeth Reply
ggfcc
Mike
Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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