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We used the formula A = L · W to find the area of a rectangle with length L and width W . A square is a rectangle in which the length and width are equal. If we let s be the length of a side of a square, the area of the square is s 2 .

This figure shows a square with two sides labeled s. It also indicates that A equals s squared.

The formula A = s 2 gives us the area of a square if we know the length of a side. What if we want to find the length of a side for a given area? Then we need to solve the equation for s .

A = s 2 Take the square root of both sides. A = s 2 Simplify. A = s

We can use the formula s = A to find the length of a side of a square for a given area.

Area of a square

This figure shows a square with two sides labeled s. The figure also indicates, “Area, A,” “A equals s squared,” “Length of a side, s,” and “s equals the square root of A.”

We will show an example of this in the next example.

Mike and Lychelle want to make a square patio. They have enough concrete to pave an area of 200 square feet. Use the formula s = A to find the length of each side of the patio. Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem. Draw a figure and
label it with the given information.
.
A = 200 square feet
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. The length of a side of the square patio.
Step 3. Name what you are looking for by
choosing a variable to represent it.
Let s = the length of a side.
Step 4. Translate into an equation by writing the
appropriate formula or model for the situation.
Substitute the given information.
.
Step 5. Solve the equation using good algebra
techniques. Round to one decimal place.
.
Step 6. Check the answer in the problem and
make sure it makes sense.
.
This is close enough because we rounded the
square root.
Is a patio with side 14.1 feet reasonable?
Yes.
Step 7. Answer the question with a complete
sentence.
Each side of the patio should be 14.1 feet.

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Katie wants to plant a square lawn in her front yard. She has enough sod to cover an area of 370 square feet. Use the formula s = A to find the length of each side of her lawn. Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.

19.2 yards

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Sergio wants to make a square mosaic as an inlay for a table he is building. He has enough tile to cover an area of 2704 square centimeters. Use the formula s = A to find the length of each side of his mosaic. Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.

52.0 cm

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Another application of square roots has to do with gravity.

Falling objects

On Earth, if an object is dropped from a height of h feet, the time in seconds it will take to reach the ground is found by using the formula,

t = h 4

For example, if an object is dropped from a height of 64 feet, we can find the time it takes to reach the ground by substituting h = 64 into the formula.

.
.
Take the square root of 64. .
Simplify the fraction. .

It would take 2 seconds for an object dropped from a height of 64 feet to reach the ground.

Christy dropped her sunglasses from a bridge 400 feet above a river. Use the formula t = h 4 to find how many seconds it took for the sunglasses to reach the river.

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem.
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. The time it takes for the sunglasses to reach
the river.
Step 3. Name what you are looking for by
choosing a variable to represent it.
Let t = time.
Step 4. Translate into an equation by writing the
appropriate formula or model for the situation.
Substitute in the given information.
.
.
Step 5. Solve the equation using good algebra
techniques.
.
.
Step 6. Check the answer in the problem and
make sure it makes sense.
.
.
5 = 5
Does 5 seconds seem reasonable?
Yes.
Step 7. Answer the question with a complete
sentence.
It will take 5 seconds for the sunglasses to hit
the water.

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Questions & Answers

hello, I have algebra phobia. Subtracting negative numbers always seem to get me confused.
Alicia Reply
what do you need help in?
Felix
subtracting a negative....is adding!!
Heather
look at the numbers if they have different signs, it's like subtracting....but you keep the sign of the largest number...
Felix
for example.... -19 + 7.... different signs...subtract.... 12 keep the sign of the "largest" number 19 is bigger than 7.... 19 has the negative sign... Therefore, -12 is your answer...
Felix
—12
Niazmohammad
Thanks Felix.l also get confused with signs.
Esther
Thank you for this
Shatey
ty
Graham
Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles
John Reply
168.50=R
Heather
john is 5years older than wanjiru.the sum of their years is27years.what is the age of each
achol Reply
46
mustee
j 17 w 11
Joseph
john is 16. wanjiru is 11.
Felix
27-5=22 22÷2=11 11+5=16
Joyce
where's the answers?
Ed Reply
I don't see where the answers are.
Ed
Cindy and Richard leave their dorm in Charleston at the same time. Cindy rides her bicycle north at a speed of 18 miles per hour. Richard rides his bicycle south at a speed of 14 miles per hour. How long will it take them to be 96 miles apart?
Maddy Reply
3
Christopher
18t+14t=96 32t=96 32/96 3
Christopher
show that a^n-b^2n is divisible by a-b
Florence Reply
What does 3 times your weight right now
Cherokee Reply
Use algebra to combine 39×5 and the half sum of travel of 59+30
Cherokee
What is the segment of 13? Explain
Cherokee
my weight is 49. So 3 times is 147
Cherokee
kg to lbs you goin to convert 2.2 or one if the same unit your going to time your body weight by 3. example if my body weight is 210lb. what would be my weight if I was 3 times as much in kg. that's you do 210 x3 = 630lb. then 630 x 2.2= .... hope this helps
tyler
How to convert grams to pounds?
paul
What is the lcm of 340
Kendra Reply
Yes
Cherokee
How many numbers each equal to y must be taken to make 15xy
Malik Reply
15x
Martin
15x
Asamoah
15x
Hugo
1y
Tom
1y x 15y
Tom
find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
Adda Reply
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Adda
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
Gee
find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
Adda
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
Gee
yeah
Asamoah
Quadratic equations involving factorization
Winner Reply
there's a chatting option in the app wow
Nana
That's cool cool
Nana
Nice to meet you all
Nana
you too.
Joan
😃
Nana
Hey you all there are several Free Apps that can really help you to better solve type Equations.
Debra
Debra, which apps specifically. ..?
Nana
am having a course in elementary algebra ,any recommendations ?
samuel
Samuel Addai, me too at ucc elementary algebra as part of my core subjects in science
Nana
me too as part of my core subjects in R M E
Ken
at ABETIFI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Ken
ok great. Good to know.
Joan
5x + 1/3= 2x + 1/2
sanam
Plz solve this
sanam
5x - 3x = 1/2 - 1/3 2x = 1/6 x = 1/12
Ranu
Thks ranu
sanam
Please help me solve this 10x+14=-2x+38
Erica
the previous equation should be 3x = 1/6 x=1/18
Sriram
for the new one 10x + 2x = 38 - 14
Sriram
12x = 24 x=2
Sriram
10x + 14 = -2x +38 10x + 2x = 38 - 14 12x = 24 divide both sides by the coefficient of x, which is 12 therefore × = 2
vida
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains ten rupees Express algebraically the result of his transactions
vinaya Reply
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
Kim is making eight gallons of punch from fruit juice and soda. The fruit juice costs $6.04 per gallon and the soda costs $4.28 per gallon. How much fruit juice and how much soda should she use so that the punch costs $5.71 per gallon?
Mohamed Reply
(a+b)(p+q+r)(b+c)(p+q+r)(c+a) (p+q+r)
muhammad Reply
really
Asamoah
4x-7y=8 2x-7y=1 what is the answer?
Ramil Reply
x=7/2 & y=6/7
Pbp
x=7/2 & y=6/7 use Elimination
Debra
true
bismark
factoriz e
usman
4x-7y=8 X=7/4y+2 and 2x-7y=1 x=7/2y+1/2
Peggie
Ok cool answer peggie
Frank
thanks
Ramil
x=7/2 y=6/7
Asamoah
Thanks , all of you are correct.
Joseph
Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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