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How to convert scientific notation to decimal form

Convert to decimal form: 6.2 × 10 3 .

Solution

This figure is a table that has three columns and three rows. The first column is a header column, and it contains the names and numbers of each step. The second column contains further written instructions. The third column contains math. On the top row of the table, the first cell on the left reads “Step 1. Determine the exponent, n, on the factor 10.” The second cell reads “The exponent is 3.” The third cell contains 6.2 times 10 cubed. In the second row, the first cell reads “Step 2. Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed. If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right. If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point absolute value of n places to the left.” The second cell reads “The exponent is positive so move the decimal point 3 places to the right. We need to add two zeros as placeholders.” The third cell contains 6.200, with an arrow showing the decimal point jumping places to the right, from between the 6 and 2 to after the second 00 in 6.200. Below this is the number 6,200. In the third row, the first cell reads “Step 3. Check to see if your answer makes sense.” The second cell is blank. The third reads “10 cubed is 1000 and 1000 times 6.2 will be 6,200.” Beneath this is 6.2 times 10 cubed equals 6,200.
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Convert to decimal form: 1.3 × 10 3 .

1,300

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Convert to decimal form: 9.25 × 10 4 .

92,500

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The steps are summarized below.

Convert scientific notation to decimal form.

To convert scientific notation to decimal form:

  1. Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10.
  2. Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed.
    • If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right.
    • If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point | n | places to the left.
  3. Check.

Convert to decimal form: 8.9 × 10 −2 .

Solution

8.9 times 10 to the power of negative 2.
Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10. The exponent is negative 2.
Since the exponent is negative, move the decimal point 2 places to the left. 8.9, with an arrow the decimal place showing the decimal point being moved two places to the left.
Add zeros as needed for placeholders. 8.9 times 10 to the power of negative 2 equals 0.089.
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Convert to decimal form: 1.2 × 10 −4 .

0.00012

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Convert to decimal form: 7.5 × 10 −2 .

0.075

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Multiply and divide using scientific notation

Astronomers use very large numbers to describe distances in the universe and ages of stars and planets. Chemists use very small numbers to describe the size of an atom or the charge on an electron. When scientists perform calculations with very large or very small numbers, they use scientific notation. Scientific notation provides a way for the calculations to be done without writing a lot of zeros. We will see how the Properties of Exponents are used to multiply and divide numbers in scientific notation.

Multiply. Write answers in decimal form: ( 4 × 10 5 ) ( 2 × 10 −7 ) .

Solution

( 4 × 10 5 ) ( 2 × 10 −7 ) Use the Commutative Property to rearrange the factors. 4 · 2 · 10 5 · 10 −7 Multiply. 8 × 10 −2 Change to decimal form by moving the decimal two places left. 0.08

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Multiply ( 3 × 10 6 ) ( 2 × 10 −8 ) . Write answers in decimal form.

0.06

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Multiply ( 3 × 10 −2 ) ( 3 × 10 −1 ) . Write answers in decimal form.

0.009

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Divide. Write answers in decimal form: 9 × 10 3 3 × 10 −2 .

Solution

9 × 10 3 3 × 10 −2 Separate the factors, rewriting as the product of two fractions. 9 3 × 10 3 10 −2 Divide. 3 × 10 5 Change to decimal form by moving the decimal five places right. 300,000

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Divide 8 × 10 4 2 × 10 −1 . Write answers in decimal form.

400,000

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Divide 8 × 10 2 4 × 10 −2 . Write answers in decimal form.

20,000

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Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with integer exponents and scientific notation:

Key concepts

  • Property of Negative Exponents
    • If n is a positive integer and a 0 , then 1 a n = a n
  • Quotient to a Negative Exponent
    • If a , b are real numbers, b 0 and n is an integer , then ( a b ) n = ( b a ) n
  • To convert a decimal to scientific notation:
    1. Move the decimal point so that the first factor is greater than or equal to 1 but less than 10.
    2. Count the number of decimal places, n , that the decimal point was moved.
    3. Write the number as a product with a power of 10. If the original number is:
      • greater than 1, the power of 10 will be 10 n
      • between 0 and 1, the power of 10 will be 10 n
    4. Check.

  • To convert scientific notation to decimal form:
    1. Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10.
    2. Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed.
      • If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right.
      • If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point | n | places to the left.
    3. Check.

Questions & Answers

please the answer to the example exercise
Patricia Reply
3. When Jenna spent 10 minutes on the elliptical trainer and then did circuit training for20 minutes, her fitness app says she burned 278 calories. When she spent 20 minutes onthe elliptical trainer and 30 minutes circuit training she burned 473 calories. How manycalories does she burn for each minute on the elliptical trainer? How many calories doesshe burn for each minute of circuit training?
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DaYoungan Reply
p-2/3=5/6 how do I solve it with explanation pls
Adedamola Reply
P=3/2
Vanarith
1/2p2-2/3p=5p/6
James
don't understand answer
Cindy
4.5
Ruth
is y=7/5 a solution of 5y+3=10y-4
Adedamola Reply
yes
James
don't understand answer
Cindy
Lucinda has a pocketful of dimes and quarters with a value of $6.20. The number of dimes is 18 more than 3 times the number of quarters. How many dimes and how many quarters does Lucinda have?
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Find an equation for the line that passes through the point P ( 0 , − 4 ) and has a slope 8/9 .
Gabriel Reply
is that a negative 4 or positive 4?
Felix
y = mx + b
Felix
if negative -4, then -4=8/9(0) + b
Felix
-4=b
Felix
if positive 4, then 4=b
Felix
then plug in y=8/9x - 4 or y=8/9x+4
Felix
Macario is making 12 pounds of nut mixture with macadamia nuts and almonds. macadamia nuts cost $9 per pound and almonds cost $5.25 per pound. how many pounds of macadamia nuts and how many pounds of almonds should macario use for the mixture to cost $6.50 per pound to make?
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Nga and Lauren bought a chest at a flea market for $50. They re-finished it and then added a 350 % mark - up
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$1750
Cindy
the sum of two Numbers is 19 and their difference is 15
Abdulai Reply
2, 17
Jose
interesting
saw
4,2
Cindy
Felecia left her home to visit her daughter, driving 45mph. Her husband waited for the dog sitter to arrive and left home 20 minutes, or 13 hour later. He drove 55mph to catch up to Felecia. How long before he reaches her?
Rafi Reply
integer greater than 2 and less than 12
Emily Reply
2 < x < 12
Felix
I'm guessing you are doing inequalities...
Felix
Actually, translating words into algebraic expressions / equations...
Felix
hi
Darianna
hello
Mister
Eric here
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6
Cindy
He charges $125 per job. His monthly expenses are $1,600. How many jobs must he work in order to make a profit of at least $2,400?
Alicia Reply
at least 20
Ayla
what are the steps?
Alicia
6.4 jobs
Grahame
32
Grahame
1600+2400= total amount with expenses. 4000/125= number of jobs needed to make that min profit of 2400. answer is 32
Orlando
He must work 32 jobs to make a profit
POP
32
Cindy
what is algebra
Azhar Reply
repeated addition and subtraction of the order of operations. i love algebra I'm obsessed.
Shemiah
hi
Krekar
Eric here. I'm a parent. 53 years old. I have never taken algebra. I want to learn.
Eric
I am 63 and never learned algebra
Cindy
One-fourth of the candies in a bag of M&M’s are red. If there are 23 red candies, how many candies are in the bag?
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they are 92 candies in the bag
POP
92
Cindy
Practice Key Terms 2

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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