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How to convert scientific notation to decimal form

Convert to decimal form: 6.2 × 10 3 .

Solution

This figure is a table that has three columns and three rows. The first column is a header column, and it contains the names and numbers of each step. The second column contains further written instructions. The third column contains math. On the top row of the table, the first cell on the left reads “Step 1. Determine the exponent, n, on the factor 10.” The second cell reads “The exponent is 3.” The third cell contains 6.2 times 10 cubed. In the second row, the first cell reads “Step 2. Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed. If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right. If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point absolute value of n places to the left.” The second cell reads “The exponent is positive so move the decimal point 3 places to the right. We need to add two zeros as placeholders.” The third cell contains 6.200, with an arrow showing the decimal point jumping places to the right, from between the 6 and 2 to after the second 00 in 6.200. Below this is the number 6,200. In the third row, the first cell reads “Step 3. Check to see if your answer makes sense.” The second cell is blank. The third reads “10 cubed is 1000 and 1000 times 6.2 will be 6,200.” Beneath this is 6.2 times 10 cubed equals 6,200.
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Convert to decimal form: 1.3 × 10 3 .

1,300

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Convert to decimal form: 9.25 × 10 4 .

92,500

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The steps are summarized below.

Convert scientific notation to decimal form.

To convert scientific notation to decimal form:

  1. Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10.
  2. Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed.
    • If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right.
    • If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point | n | places to the left.
  3. Check.

Convert to decimal form: 8.9 × 10 −2 .

Solution

8.9 times 10 to the power of negative 2.
Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10. The exponent is negative 2.
Since the exponent is negative, move the decimal point 2 places to the left. 8.9, with an arrow the decimal place showing the decimal point being moved two places to the left.
Add zeros as needed for placeholders. 8.9 times 10 to the power of negative 2 equals 0.089.
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Convert to decimal form: 1.2 × 10 −4 .

0.00012

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Convert to decimal form: 7.5 × 10 −2 .

0.075

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Multiply and divide using scientific notation

Astronomers use very large numbers to describe distances in the universe and ages of stars and planets. Chemists use very small numbers to describe the size of an atom or the charge on an electron. When scientists perform calculations with very large or very small numbers, they use scientific notation. Scientific notation provides a way for the calculations to be done without writing a lot of zeros. We will see how the Properties of Exponents are used to multiply and divide numbers in scientific notation.

Multiply. Write answers in decimal form: ( 4 × 10 5 ) ( 2 × 10 −7 ) .

Solution

( 4 × 10 5 ) ( 2 × 10 −7 ) Use the Commutative Property to rearrange the factors. 4 · 2 · 10 5 · 10 −7 Multiply. 8 × 10 −2 Change to decimal form by moving the decimal two places left. 0.08

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Multiply ( 3 × 10 6 ) ( 2 × 10 −8 ) . Write answers in decimal form.

0.06

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Multiply ( 3 × 10 −2 ) ( 3 × 10 −1 ) . Write answers in decimal form.

0.009

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Divide. Write answers in decimal form: 9 × 10 3 3 × 10 −2 .

Solution

9 × 10 3 3 × 10 −2 Separate the factors, rewriting as the product of two fractions. 9 3 × 10 3 10 −2 Divide. 3 × 10 5 Change to decimal form by moving the decimal five places right. 300,000

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Divide 8 × 10 4 2 × 10 −1 . Write answers in decimal form.

400,000

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Divide 8 × 10 2 4 × 10 −2 . Write answers in decimal form.

20,000

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Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with integer exponents and scientific notation:

Key concepts

  • Property of Negative Exponents
    • If n is a positive integer and a 0 , then 1 a n = a n
  • Quotient to a Negative Exponent
    • If a , b are real numbers, b 0 and n is an integer , then ( a b ) n = ( b a ) n
  • To convert a decimal to scientific notation:
    1. Move the decimal point so that the first factor is greater than or equal to 1 but less than 10.
    2. Count the number of decimal places, n , that the decimal point was moved.
    3. Write the number as a product with a power of 10. If the original number is:
      • greater than 1, the power of 10 will be 10 n
      • between 0 and 1, the power of 10 will be 10 n
    4. Check.

  • To convert scientific notation to decimal form:
    1. Determine the exponent, n , on the factor 10.
    2. Move the decimal n places, adding zeros if needed.
      • If the exponent is positive, move the decimal point n places to the right.
      • If the exponent is negative, move the decimal point | n | places to the left.
    3. Check.

Questions & Answers

How do you find divisible numbers without a calculator?
Jacob Reply
When she graduates college, Linda will owe $43,000 in student loans. The interest rate on the federal loans is 4.5% and the rate on the private bank loans is 2%. The total interest she owes for one year was $1,585. What is the amount of each loan?
Ariana Reply
Sean took the bus from Seattle to Boise, a distance of 506 miles. If the trip took 7 2/3 hours, what was the speed of the bus?
Kirisma Reply
66miles/hour
snigdha
How did you work it out?
Esther
s=mi/hr 2/3~0.67 s=506mi/7.67hr = ~66 mi/hr
Orlando
hello, I have algebra phobia. Subtracting negative numbers always seem to get me confused.
Alicia Reply
what do you need help in?
Felix
subtracting a negative....is adding!!
Heather
look at the numbers if they have different signs, it's like subtracting....but you keep the sign of the largest number...
Felix
for example.... -19 + 7.... different signs...subtract.... 12 keep the sign of the "largest" number 19 is bigger than 7.... 19 has the negative sign... Therefore, -12 is your answer...
Felix
—12
Niazmohammad
Thanks Felix.l also get confused with signs.
Esther
Thank you for this
Shatey
ty
Graham
think about it like you lost $19 (-19), then found $7(+7). Totally you lost just $12 (-12)
Annushka
I used to struggle a lot with negative numbers and math in general what I typically do is look at it in terms of money I have -$5 in my account I then take out 5 more dollars how much do I have in my account well-$10 ... I also for a long time would draw it out on a number line to visualize it
Meg
practicing with smaller numbers to understand then working with larger numbers helps too and the song/rhyme same sign add and keep opposite signs subtract keep the sign of the bigger # then you'll be exact
Meg
Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles
John Reply
168.50=R
Heather
john is 5years older than wanjiru.the sum of their years is27years.what is the age of each
achol Reply
46
mustee
j 17 w 11
Joseph
john is 16. wanjiru is 11.
Felix
27-5=22 22÷2=11 11+5=16
Joyce
where's the answers?
Ed Reply
I don't see where the answers are.
Ed
Cindy and Richard leave their dorm in Charleston at the same time. Cindy rides her bicycle north at a speed of 18 miles per hour. Richard rides his bicycle south at a speed of 14 miles per hour. How long will it take them to be 96 miles apart?
Maddy Reply
3
Christopher
18t+14t=96 32t=96 32/96 3
Christopher
show that a^n-b^2n is divisible by a-b
Florence Reply
What does 3 times your weight right now
Cherokee Reply
Use algebra to combine 39×5 and the half sum of travel of 59+30
Cherokee
What is the segment of 13? Explain
Cherokee
my weight is 49. So 3 times is 147
Cherokee
kg to lbs you goin to convert 2.2 or one if the same unit your going to time your body weight by 3. example if my body weight is 210lb. what would be my weight if I was 3 times as much in kg. that's you do 210 x3 = 630lb. then 630 x 2.2= .... hope this helps
tyler
How to convert grams to pounds?
paul
What is the lcm of 340
Kendra Reply
Yes
Cherokee
How many numbers each equal to y must be taken to make 15xy
Malik Reply
15x
Martin
15x
Asamoah
15x
Hugo
1y
Tom
1y x 15y
Tom
find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
Adda Reply
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Adda
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
Gee
find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
Adda
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
Gee
yeah
Asamoah
Quadratic equations involving factorization
Winner Reply
there's a chatting option in the app wow
Nana
That's cool cool
Nana
Nice to meet you all
Nana
you too.
Joan
😃
Nana
Hey you all there are several Free Apps that can really help you to better solve type Equations.
Debra
Debra, which apps specifically. ..?
Nana
am having a course in elementary algebra ,any recommendations ?
samuel
Samuel Addai, me too at ucc elementary algebra as part of my core subjects in science
Nana
me too as part of my core subjects in R M E
Ken
at ABETIFI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Ken
ok great. Good to know.
Joan
5x + 1/3= 2x + 1/2
sanam
Plz solve this
sanam
5x - 3x = 1/2 - 1/3 2x = 1/6 x = 1/12
Ranu
Thks ranu
sanam
Please help me solve this 10x+14=-2x+38
Erica
the previous equation should be 3x = 1/6 x=1/18
Sriram
for the new one 10x + 2x = 38 - 14
Sriram
12x = 24 x=2
Sriram
10x + 14 = -2x +38 10x + 2x = 38 - 14 12x = 24 divide both sides by the coefficient of x, which is 12 therefore × = 2
vida
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains ten rupees Express algebraically the result of his transactions
vinaya Reply
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
Practice Key Terms 2

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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