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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
  • Determine whether an ordered pair is a solution of a system of linear inequalities
  • Solve a system of linear inequalities by graphing
  • Solve applications of systems of inequalities

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

  1. Graph x > 2 on a number line.
    If you missed this problem, review [link] .
  2. Solve the inequality 2 a < 5 a + 12 .
    If you missed this problem, review [link] .
  3. Determine whether the ordered pair ( 3 , 1 2 ) is a solution to the system { x + 2 y = 4 y = 6 x .
    If you missed this problem, review [link]

 

Determine whether an ordered pair is a solution of a system of linear inequalities

The definition of a system of linear inequalities is very similar to the definition of a system of linear equations.

System of linear inequalities

Two or more linear inequalities grouped together form a system of linear inequalities    .

A system of linear inequalities looks like a system of linear equations, but it has inequalities instead of equations. A system of two linear inequalities is shown below.

{ x + 4 y 10 3 x 2 y < 12

To solve a system of linear inequalities, we will find values of the variables that are solutions to both inequalities. We solve the system by using the graphs of each inequality and show the solution as a graph. We will find the region on the plane that contains all ordered pairs ( x , y ) that make both inequalities true.

Solutions of a system of linear inequalities

Solutions of a system of linear inequalities are the values of the variables that make all the inequalities true.

The solution of a system of linear inequalities is shown as a shaded region in the x-y coordinate system that includes all the points whose ordered pairs make the inequalities true.

To determine if an ordered pair is a solution to a system of two inequalities, we substitute the values of the variables into each inequality. If the ordered pair makes both inequalities true, it is a solution to the system.

Determine whether the ordered pair is a solution to the system. { x + 4 y 10 3 x 2 y < 12

(−2, 4) (3,1)

Solution

  1. Is the ordered pair (−2, 4) a solution?
    This figure says, “We substitute x = -2 and y = 4 into both inequalities. The first inequality, x + 4 y is greater than or equal to 10 becomes -2 plus 4 times 4 is greater than or less than 10 or 14 is great than or less than 10 which is true. The second inequality, 3x – 2y is less than 12 becomes 3 times -2 – 2 times 4 is less than 12 or  -14 is less than 12 which is true.

The ordered pair (−2, 4) made both inequalities true. Therefore (−2, 4) is a solution to this system.

  1. Is the ordered pair (3,1) a solution?
    This figure says, “We substitute x  3 and y = 1 into both inequalities.” The first inequality, x + 4y  is greater than or equal to 10 becomes 3 + 4 times 1 is greater than or equal to 10 or y is greater than or equal to 10 which is false. The second inequality, 3x -2y is less than 12 becomes 3 times 3 – two times 1 is less than 12 or 7 is less than 12 which is true.

The ordered pair (3,1) made one inequality true, but the other one false. Therefore (3,1) is not a solution to this system.

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Determine whether the ordered pair is a solution to the system.
{ x 5 y > 10 2 x + 3 y > −2

( 3 , −1 ) ( 6 , −3 )

no yes

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Determine whether the ordered pair is a solution to the system.
{ y > 4 x 2 4 x y < 20

( 2 , 1 ) ( 4 , −1 )

no no

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Solve a system of linear inequalities by graphing

The solution to a single linear inequality is the region on one side of the boundary line that contains all the points that make the inequality true. The solution to a system of two linear inequalities is a region that contains the solutions to both inequalities. To find this region, we will graph each inequality separately and then locate the region where they are both true. The solution is always shown as a graph.

How to solve a system of linear inequalities

Solve the system by graphing.

{ y 2 x 1 y < x + 1

Solution

This is a table with three columns and several rows. The first row says, “Step 1: Graph the first inequality. We will graph y is greater than or equal to 2x – 1.” There are two equations givens, y is greater than or equal to 2x – 1 and y is less than x + 1. The table then reads, “Graph the boundary line. We graph the line y = 2x – 1. It is a solid line because the inequality sign is greater than or equal to. Shade in the side of the boundary line where the inequality is true. We choose (0, 0) as a test point. It is a solution to y is greater than or equal to 2x – 1, so we shad in the left side of the boundary line.” There is a figure of a line graphed on an x y coordinate plane. The area to the left of the line is shaded. The second row then says, “Step 2: On the same grid, graph the second inequality. We will graph y is less than x + 1 on the same grid. Grph the boundary line. We graph the lin y = x + 1. It is a dashed line because the inequality sign is less than. There is a graph which shows two lines graphed on an x y coordinate plane. The area to the left of one line is shaded. The area to the right of the second line is shaded. There is a small area where the shaded areas overlap. The table then says, “Shade in the side of that boundary line where the inequality is true. Again we use (0, 0) as a test point. It is a solution so we shade in that side of the line y = x + 1. The third row then says, “Step 3: The solution is the region where the shading overlaps. The poing where the boundary lines intersect is not a solution because it is not a solution to y is less than x + 1. The solution is all points in the purple shaded region.” The fourth row then says, “Step 4: Check by choosing a test point. We’ll use (-1, -1) as a test point. Is (-1, -1) a solution to y is greater than or equal to 2x – 1? -1 is greater than or equal to 2 times -1 – 1 or -1 is greater than or equal to -3 true.”
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Questions & Answers

What is the lcm of 340
Kendra Reply
How many numbers each equal to y must be taken to make 15xy
Malik Reply
15x
Martin
15x
Asamoah
15x
Hugo
1y
Tom
1y x 15y
Tom
find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
Adda Reply
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Adda
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
Gee
find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
Adda
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
Gee
Quadratic equations involving factorization
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5x + 1/3= 2x + 1/2
sanam
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5x - 3x = 1/2 - 1/3 2x = 1/6 x = 1/12
Ranu
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a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains ten rupees Express algebraically the result of his transactions
vinaya Reply
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
Kim is making eight gallons of punch from fruit juice and soda. The fruit juice costs $6.04 per gallon and the soda costs $4.28 per gallon. How much fruit juice and how much soda should she use so that the punch costs $5.71 per gallon?
Mohamed Reply
(a+b)(p+q+r)(b+c)(p+q+r)(c+a) (p+q+r)
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4x-7y=8 2x-7y=1 what is the answer?
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x=7/2 & y=6/7
Pbp
x=7/2 & y=6/7 use Elimination
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4x-7y=8 X=7/4y+2 and 2x-7y=1 x=7/2y+1/2
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What is c+4=8
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2
Letha
4
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C+4=8 -4 -4 C =4
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During two years in college, a student earned $9,500. The second year, she earned $500 more than twice the amount she earned the first year.
Nicole Reply
9500=500+2x
Debra
9500-500=9000 9000÷2×=4500 X=4500
Debra
X + Y = 9500....... & Y = 500 + 2X so.... X + 500 + 2X = 9500, them X = 3000 & Y = 6500
Pbp
Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles.
Josh Reply
Reiko needs to mail her Christmas cards and packages and wants to keep her mailing costs to no more than $500. The number of cards is at least 4 more than twice the number of packages. The cost of mailing a card (with pictures enclosed) is $3 and for a package the cost is $7.
Ida Reply
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patrick
The sum of two numbers is 155. The difference is 23. Find the numbers
Michelle Reply
The sum of two numbers is 155. Their difference is 23. Find the numbers
Michelle
The difference between 89 and 66 is 23
Ciid
Joy is preparing 20 liters of a 25% saline solution. She only has 40% and 10% solution in her lab. How many liters of the 40% and how many liters of the 10% should she mix to make the 25% solution?
Amber Reply
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Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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