# 5.3 Solve systems of equations by elimination  (Page 4/6)

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The sum of two numbers is 39. Their difference is 9. Find the numbers.

## Solution

$\begin{array}{ccc}\mathbf{\text{Step 1. Read}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the problem}\hfill & & \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 2. Identify}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{what we are looking for.}\hfill & & \hfill \text{We are looking for two numbers.}\hfill \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 3. Name}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{what we are looking for.}\hfill & & \begin{array}{c}\hfill \text{Let}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}n=\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the first number.}\hfill \\ \hfill \phantom{\rule{2.3em}{0ex}}m=\text{the second number}\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{c}\mathbf{\text{Step 4. Translate}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{into a system of equations.}\hfill \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \end{array}\hfill & & \hfill \begin{array}{}\\ \text{The sum of two numbers is 39.}\hfill \\ \hfill \phantom{\rule{0.3em}{0ex}}n+m=39\hfill \\ \hfill \text{Their difference is 9.}\hfill \\ \hfill n-m=9\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \text{The system is:}\hfill & & \hfill \left\{\begin{array}{c}n+m=39\hfill \\ n-m=9\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{c}\mathbf{\text{Step 5. Solve}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the system of equations.}\hfill \\ \text{To solve the system of equations, use}\hfill \\ \text{elimination. The equations are in standard}\hfill \\ \text{form and the coefficients of}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}m\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{are}\hfill \\ \text{opposites. Add.}\hfill \\ \\ \text{Solve for}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}n.\hfill \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \end{array}\hfill & & \hfill \begin{array}{c}\hfill \underset{\text{____________}}{\left\{\begin{array}{c}n+m=39\hfill \\ n-m=9\hfill \end{array}}\hfill \\ \hfill 2n\phantom{\rule{1.8em}{0ex}}=48\hfill \\ \\ \hfill \phantom{\rule{2.21em}{0ex}}n=24\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{c}\text{Substitute}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}n=24\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{into one of the original}\hfill \\ \text{equations and solve for}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}m.\hfill \end{array}\hfill & & \hfill \begin{array}{c}\hfill \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\begin{array}{c}\hfill n+m=39\\ \hfill 24+m=39\\ \hfill m=15\end{array}\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 6. Check}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the answer.}\hfill & & \phantom{\rule{1.55em}{0ex}}\text{Since}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}24+15=39\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\hfill \\ & & \hfill 24-15=9,\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the answers check.}\hfill \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 7. Answer}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the question.}\hfill & & \hfill \text{The numbers are 24 and 15.}\hfill \end{array}$

The sum of two numbers is 42. Their difference is 8. Find the numbers.

The numbers are 25 and 17.

The sum of two numbers is −15. Their difference is −35. Find the numbers.

The numbers are −25 and 10.

Joe stops at a burger restaurant every day on his way to work. Monday he had one order of medium fries and two small sodas, which had a total of 620 calories. Tuesday he had two orders of medium fries and one small soda, for a total of 820 calories. How many calories are there in one order of medium fries? How many calories in one small soda?

## Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what we are looking for. We are looking for the number of calories in one order of medium fries and in one small soda. Step 3. Name what we are looking for. Let f = the number of calories in 1 order of medium fries.     s = the number of calories in 1 small soda. Step 4. Translate into a system of equations: one medium fries and two small sodas had a total of 620 calories two medium fries and one small soda had a total of 820 calories. Our system is: Step 5. Solve the system of equations. To solve the system of equations, use elimination. The equations are in standard form. To get opposite coefficients of f , multiply the top equation by −2. Simplify and add. Solve for s . Substitute s = 140 into one of the original equations and then solve for f .    Step 6. Check the answer. Verify that these numbers make sense in the problem and that they are solutions to both equations. We leave this to you! Step 7. Answer the question. The small soda has 140 calories and the fries have 340 calories.

Malik stops at the grocery store to buy a bag of diapers and 2 cans of formula. He spends a total of $37. The next week he stops and buys 2 bags of diapers and 5 cans of formula for a total of$87. How much does a bag of diapers cost? How much is one can of formula?

The bag of diapers costs $11 and the can of formula costs$13.

To get her daily intake of fruit for the day, Sasha eats a banana and 8 strawberries on Wednesday for a calorie count of 145. On the following Wednesday, she eats two bananas and 5 strawberries for a total of 235 calories for the fruit. How many calories are there in a banana? How many calories are in a strawberry?

There are 105 calories in a banana and 5 calories in a strawberry.

the proudact of 3x^3-5×^2+3 and 2x^2+5x-4 in z7[x]/ is
?
Choli
a rock is thrown directly upward with an initial velocity of 96feet per second from a cliff 190 feet above a beach. The hight of tha rock above the beach after t second is given by the equation h=_16t^2+96t+190
Usman
Stella bought a dinette set on sale for $725. The original price was$1,299. To the nearest tenth of a percent, what was the rate of discount?
44.19%
Scott
40.22%
Terence
44.2%
Orlando
p mulripied-5 and add 30 to it
Tausif
Tausif
Can you explain further
p mulripied-5 and add to 30
Tausif
How do you find divisible numbers without a calculator?
TAKE OFF THE LAST DIGIT AND MULTIPLY IT 9. SUBTRACT IT THE DIGITS YOU HAVE LEFT. IF THE ANSWER DIVIDES BY 13(OR IS ZERO), THEN YOUR ORIGINAL NUMBER WILL ALSO DIVIDE BY 13!IS DIVISIBLE BY 13
BAINAMA
When she graduates college, Linda will owe $43,000 in student loans. The interest rate on the federal loans is 4.5% and the rate on the private bank loans is 2%. The total interest she owes for one year was$1,585. What is the amount of each loan?
Sean took the bus from Seattle to Boise, a distance of 506 miles. If the trip took 7 2/3 hours, what was the speed of the bus?
66miles/hour
snigdha
How did you work it out?
Esther
s=mi/hr 2/3~0.67 s=506mi/7.67hr = ~66 mi/hr
Orlando
hello, I have algebra phobia. Subtracting negative numbers always seem to get me confused.
what do you need help in?
Felix
Heather
look at the numbers if they have different signs, it's like subtracting....but you keep the sign of the largest number...
Felix
for example.... -19 + 7.... different signs...subtract.... 12 keep the sign of the "largest" number 19 is bigger than 7.... 19 has the negative sign... Therefore, -12 is your answer...
Felix
—12
Thanks Felix.l also get confused with signs.
Esther
Thank you for this
Shatey
ty
Graham
think about it like you lost $19 (-19), then found$7(+7). Totally you lost just $12 (-12) Annushka I used to struggle a lot with negative numbers and math in general what I typically do is look at it in terms of money I have -$5 in my account I then take out 5 more dollars how much do I have in my account well-\$10 ... I also for a long time would draw it out on a number line to visualize it
Meg
practicing with smaller numbers to understand then working with larger numbers helps too and the song/rhyme same sign add and keep opposite signs subtract keep the sign of the bigger # then you'll be exact
Meg
Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles
168.50=R
Heather
john is 5years older than wanjiru.the sum of their years is27years.what is the age of each
46
mustee
j 17 w 11
Joseph
john is 16. wanjiru is 11.
Felix
27-5=22 22÷2=11 11+5=16
Joyce
I don't see where the answers are.
Ed
Cindy and Richard leave their dorm in Charleston at the same time. Cindy rides her bicycle north at a speed of 18 miles per hour. Richard rides his bicycle south at a speed of 14 miles per hour. How long will it take them to be 96 miles apart?
3
Christopher
18t+14t=96 32t=96 32/96 3
Christopher
show that a^n-b^2n is divisible by a-b
What does 3 times your weight right now
Use algebra to combine 39×5 and the half sum of travel of 59+30
Cherokee
What is the segment of 13? Explain
Cherokee
my weight is 49. So 3 times is 147
Cherokee
kg to lbs you goin to convert 2.2 or one if the same unit your going to time your body weight by 3. example if my body weight is 210lb. what would be my weight if I was 3 times as much in kg. that's you do 210 x3 = 630lb. then 630 x 2.2= .... hope this helps
tyler
How to convert grams to pounds?
paul
What is the lcm of 340
Yes
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