<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Once we get an equation with just one variable, we solve it. Then we substitute that value into one of the original equations to solve for the remaining variable. And, as always, we check our answer to make sure it is a solution to both of the original equations.

Now we’ll see how to use elimination to solve the same system of equations we solved by graphing and by substitution.

How to solve a system of equations by elimination

Solve the system by elimination. { 2 x + y = 7 x 2 y = 6

Solution

This figure has seven rows and three columns. The first row reads, “Step 1. Write both equations in standard form. If any coefficients are fractions, clear them.” It also says, “Both equations are in standard form, A x + B y = C. There are no fractions.” It also gives the two equations as 2x + y = 7 and x – 2y = 6. The second row reads, “Step 2: Make the coefficients of one variable opposites. Decide which variable you will eliminate. Multiply one or both equations so that the coefficients of that variable are opposites.” It also says, “We can eliminate the y’s by multiplying the first equation by 2. Multiply both sides of 2x + y = 7 by 2.” It also shows the steps with equations. Initially the equations are ex + y = 7 and x – 2y = 6. Then they become 2(2x + y) = 2 times 7 and x – 2y = 6. They then become 4x + 2y = 14 and x – 2y = 6. The third row says, “Step 3: Add the equations resulting from step 2 to eliminate one variable.” It also says, “We add the x’s, y’s, and constants.” It then gives the equation as 5x = 20. The fourth row says, “Step 4: Solve for the remaining variable.” It also says, “Solve for x.” It gives the equation as x = 4. The fifth row says, “Step 5: Substitute the solution from Step 4 into one of the original equations. Then solve for the other variable.” It also says, “Substitute x = 4 into the second equation, x – 2y = 6. Then solve for y.” It then gives the equations as x – 2y = 6 which becomes 4 – 2y = 6. This is then −2y = 2, and thus, y = −1. The sixth row says, “Step 6: Write the solution as an order pair.” It also says, “Write it as (x, y).” It gives the ordered pair as (4, −1). The seventh row says, “Step 7: Check that the ordered pair is a solution to both original equations.” It also says, “Substitute (4, −1) into 2x + y = 7 and x – 2y = 6. Do they make both equations true? Yes!” It then gives the equations. 2x + y = 7 becomes 2 times 4 + −1 = 7 which is 7 = 7. x – 2y = 6 becomes 4 – 2 times −1 = 6 which is 6 = 6. The row then says, “The solution is (4, −1).”
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Solve the system by elimination. { 3 x + y = 5 2 x 3 y = 7

( 2 , −1 )

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Solve the system by elimination. { 4 x + y = −5 −2 x 2 y = −2

( −2 , 3 )

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The steps are listed below for easy reference.

How to solve a system of equations by elimination.

  1. Write both equations in standard form. If any coefficients are fractions, clear them.
  2. Make the coefficients of one variable opposites.
    • Decide which variable you will eliminate.
    • Multiply one or both equations so that the coefficients of that variable are opposites.
  3. Add the equations resulting from Step 2 to eliminate one variable.
  4. Solve for the remaining variable.
  5. Substitute the solution from Step 4 into one of the original equations. Then solve for the other variable.
  6. Write the solution as an ordered pair.
  7. Check that the ordered pair is a solution to both original equations.

First we’ll do an example where we can eliminate one variable right away.

Solve the system by elimination. { x + y = 10 x y = 12

Solution

.
Both equations are in standard form.
The coefficients of y are already opposites.
Add the two equations to eliminate y .
The resulting equation has only 1 variable, x .
.
Solve for x , the remaining variable.

Substitute x = 11 into one of the original equations.
.
.
Solve for the other variable, y . .
Write the solution as an ordered pair. The ordered pair is (11, −1).
Check that the ordered pair is a solution
to both original equations.

x + y = 10 11 + ( 1 ) = ? 10 10 = 10 x y = 12 11 ( 1 ) = ? 12 12 = 12
The solution is (11, −1).
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Solve the system by elimination. { 2 x + y = 5 x y = 4

( 3 , −1 )

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Solve the system by elimination. { x + y = 3 −2 x y = −1

( −2 , 5 )

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

In [link] , we will be able to make the coefficients of one variable opposites by multiplying one equation by a constant.

Solve the system by elimination. { 3 x 2 y = −2 5 x 6 y = 10

Solution

.
Both equations are in standard form.
None of the coefficients are opposites.
We can make the coefficients of y opposites by multiplying
the first equation by −3.
.
Simplify. .
Add the two equations to eliminate y . .
Solve for the remaining variable, x .
Substitute x = −4 into one of the original equations.
.
.
Solve for y . .
.
.
Write the solution as an ordered pair. The ordered pair is (−4, −5).
Check that the ordered pair is a solution to
both original equations.

3 x 2 y = 2 3 ( 4 ) 2 ( 5 ) = ? 2 12 + 10 = ? 2 2 y = 2 5 x 6 y = 10 3 ( 4 ) 6 ( 5 ) = ? 10 20 + 30 = ? 10 10 = 10
The solution is (−4, −5).
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Solve the system by elimination. { 4 x 3 y = 1 5 x 9 y = −4

( 1 , 1 )

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Solve the system by elimination. { 3 x + 2 y = 2 6 x + 5 y = 8

( −2 , 4 )

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Now we’ll do an example where we need to multiply both equations by constants in order to make the coefficients of one variable opposites.

Solve the system by elimination. { 4 x 3 y = 9 7 x + 2 y = −6

Solution

In this example, we cannot multiply just one equation by any constant to get opposite coefficients. So we will strategically multiply both equations by a constant to get the opposites.

.
Both equations are in standard form. To get opposite
coefficients of y , we will multiply the first equation by 2
and the second equation by 3.
.
Simplify. .
Add the two equations to eliminate y . .
Solve for x .

Substitute x = 0 into one of the original equations.
.
.
Solve for y . .
.
Write the solution as an ordered pair. The ordered pair is (0, −3).
Check that the ordered pair is a solution to
both original equations.

4 x 3 y = 9 4 ( 0 ) 3 ( 3 ) = ? 9 9 = 9 7 x + 2 y = 6 7 ( 0 ) + 2 ( 3 ) = ? 6 6 = 6
The solution is (0, −3).

What other constants could we have chosen to eliminate one of the variables? Would the solution be the same?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

find the solution to the following functions, check your solutions by substitution. f(x)=x^2-17x+72
Carlos Reply
Aziza is solving this equation-2(1+x)=4x+10
Sechabe Reply
No. 3^32 -1 has exactly two divisors greater than 75 and less than 85 what is their product?
KAJAL Reply
x^2+7x-19=0 has Two solutions A and B give your answer to 3 decimal places
Adedamola Reply
please the answer to the example exercise
Patricia Reply
3. When Jenna spent 10 minutes on the elliptical trainer and then did circuit training for20 minutes, her fitness app says she burned 278 calories. When she spent 20 minutes onthe elliptical trainer and 30 minutes circuit training she burned 473 calories. How manycalories does she burn for each minute on the elliptical trainer? How many calories doesshe burn for each minute of circuit training?
Edwin Reply
.473
Angelita
?
Angelita
John left his house in Irvine at 8:35 am to drive to a meeting in Los Angeles, 45 miles away. He arrived at the meeting at 9:50. At 3:30 pm, he left the meeting and drove home. He arrived home at 5:18.
DaYoungan Reply
p-2/3=5/6 how do I solve it with explanation pls
Adedamola Reply
P=3/2
Vanarith
1/2p2-2/3p=5p/6
James
don't understand answer
Cindy
4.5
Ruth
is y=7/5 a solution of 5y+3=10y-4
Adedamola Reply
yes
James
don't understand answer
Cindy
Lucinda has a pocketful of dimes and quarters with a value of $6.20. The number of dimes is 18 more than 3 times the number of quarters. How many dimes and how many quarters does Lucinda have?
Rhonda Reply
Find an equation for the line that passes through the point P ( 0 , − 4 ) and has a slope 8/9 .
Gabriel Reply
is that a negative 4 or positive 4?
Felix
y = mx + b
Felix
if negative -4, then -4=8/9(0) + b
Felix
-4=b
Felix
if positive 4, then 4=b
Felix
then plug in y=8/9x - 4 or y=8/9x+4
Felix
Macario is making 12 pounds of nut mixture with macadamia nuts and almonds. macadamia nuts cost $9 per pound and almonds cost $5.25 per pound. how many pounds of macadamia nuts and how many pounds of almonds should macario use for the mixture to cost $6.50 per pound to make?
Cherry Reply
Nga and Lauren bought a chest at a flea market for $50. They re-finished it and then added a 350 % mark - up
Makaila Reply
$1750
Cindy
the sum of two Numbers is 19 and their difference is 15
Abdulai Reply
2, 17
Jose
interesting
saw
4,2
Cindy
Felecia left her home to visit her daughter, driving 45mph. Her husband waited for the dog sitter to arrive and left home 20 minutes, or 13 hour later. He drove 55mph to catch up to Felecia. How long before he reaches her?
Rafi Reply
hola saben como aser un valor de la expresión
NAILEA

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now




Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Elementary algebra' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask