# 5.2 Solve systems of equations by substitution  (Page 5/5)

 Page 5 / 5

Kenneth currently sells suits for company A at a salary of $22,000 plus a$10 commission for each suit sold. Company B offers him a position with a salary of $28,000 plus a$4 commission for each suit sold. How many suits would Kenneth need to sell for the options to be equal?

Kenneth would need to sell 1,000 suits.

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with solving systems of equations by substitution.

## Key concepts

• Solve a system of equations by substitution
1. Solve one of the equations for either variable.
2. Substitute the expression from Step 1 into the other equation.
3. Solve the resulting equation.
4. Substitute the solution in Step 3 into one of the original equations to find the other variable.
5. Write the solution as an ordered pair.
6. Check that the ordered pair is a solution to both original equations.

## Practice makes perfect

Solve a System of Equations by Substitution

In the following exercises, solve the systems of equations by substitution.

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+y=-4\hfill \\ 3x-2y=-6\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(-2,0\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+y=-2\hfill \\ 3x-y=7\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x-2y=-5\hfill \\ 2x-3y=-4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(7,6\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x-3y=-9\hfill \\ 2x+5y=4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}5x-2y=-6\hfill \\ y=3x+3\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(0,3\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}-2x+2y=6\hfill \\ y=-3x+1\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+3y=3\hfill \\ y=\text{−}x+3\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(6,-3\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+5y=-14\hfill \\ y=-2x+2\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+5y=1\hfill \\ y=\frac{1}{3}x-2\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(3,-1\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}3x+4y=1\hfill \\ y=-\frac{2}{5}x+2\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}3x-2y=6\hfill \\ y=\frac{2}{3}x+2\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(6,6\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}-3x-5y=3\hfill \\ y=\frac{1}{2}x-5\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+y=10\hfill \\ -x+y=-5\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(5,0\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}-2x+y=10\hfill \\ -x+2y=16\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}3x+y=1\hfill \\ -4x+y=15\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(-2,7\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x+y=0\hfill \\ 2x+3y=-4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x+3y=1\hfill \\ 3x+5y=-5\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(-5,2\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x+2y=-1\hfill \\ 2x+3y=1\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+y=5\hfill \\ x-2y=-15\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(-1,7\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}4x+y=10\hfill \\ x-2y=-20\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=-2x-1\hfill \\ y=-\frac{1}{3}x+4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(-3,5\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=x-6\hfill \\ y=-\frac{3}{2}x+4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=2x-8\hfill \\ y=\frac{3}{5}x+6\hfill \end{array}$

(10, 12)

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=\text{−}x-1\hfill \\ y=x+7\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}4x+2y=8\hfill \\ 8x-y=1\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(\frac{1}{2},3\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}-x-12y=-1\hfill \\ 2x-8y=-6\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}15x+2y=6\hfill \\ -5x+2y=-4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(\frac{1}{2},-\frac{3}{4}\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x-15y=7\hfill \\ 12x+2y=-4\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=3x\hfill \\ 6x-2y=0\hfill \end{array}$

Infinitely many solutions

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x=2y\hfill \\ 4x-8y=0\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}2x+16y=8\hfill \\ -x-8y=-4\hfill \end{array}$

Infinitely many solutions

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}15x+4y=6\hfill \\ -30x-8y=-12\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=-4x\hfill \\ 4x+y=1\hfill \end{array}$

No solution

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=-\frac{1}{4}x\hfill \\ x+4y=8\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=\frac{7}{8}x+4\hfill \\ -7x+8y=6\hfill \end{array}$

No solution

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}y=-\frac{2}{3}x+5\hfill \\ 2x+3y=11\hfill \end{array}$

Solve Applications of Systems of Equations by Substitution

In the following exercises, translate to a system of equations and solve.

The sum of two numbers is 15. One number is 3 less than the other. Find the numbers.

The numbers are 13 and 17.

The sum of two numbers is 30. One number is 4 less than the other. Find the numbers.

The sum of two numbers is −26. One number is 12 less than the other. Find the numbers.

The numbers are −7 and −19.

The perimeter of a rectangle is 50. The length is 5 more than the width. Find the length and width.

The perimeter of a rectangle is 60. The length is 10 more than the width. Find the length and width.

The length is 20 and the width is 10.

The perimeter of a rectangle is 58. The length is 5 more than three times the width. Find the length and width.

The perimeter of a rectangle is 84. The length is 10 more than three times the width. Find the length and width.

The length is 34 and the width is 8.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is 14 more than 3 times the measure of the other small angle. Find the measure of both angles.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is 26 more than 3 times the measure of the other small angle. Find the measure of both angles.

The measures are 16° and 74°.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is 15 less than twice the measure of the other small angle. Find the measure of both angles.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is 45 less than twice the measure of the other small angle. Find the measure of both angles.

The measures are 45° and 45°.

Maxim has been offered positions by two car dealers. The first company pays a salary of $10,000 plus a commission of$1,000 for each car sold. The second pays a salary of $20,000 plus a commission of$500 for each car sold. How many cars would need to be sold to make the total pay the same?

Jackie has been offered positions by two cable companies. The first company pays a salary of $14,000 plus a commission of$100 for each cable package sold. The second pays a salary of $20,000 plus a commission of$25 for each cable package sold. How many cable packages would need to be sold to make the total pay the same?

80 cable packages would need to be sold.

Amara currently sells televisions for company A at a salary of $17,000 plus a$100 commission for each television she sells. Company B offers her a position with a salary of $29,000 plus a$20 commission for each television she sells. How televisions would Amara need to sell for the options to be equal?

Mitchell currently sells stoves for company A at a salary of $12,000 plus a$150 commission for each stove he sells. Company B offers him a position with a salary of $24,000 plus a$50 commission for each stove he sells. How many stoves would Mitchell need to sell for the options to be equal?

Mitchell would need to sell 120 stoves.

## Everyday math

When Gloria spent 15 minutes on the elliptical trainer and then did circuit training for 30 minutes, her fitness app says she burned 435 calories. When she spent 30 minutes on the elliptical trainer and 40 minutes circuit training she burned 690 calories. Solve the system $\left\{\begin{array}{c}15e+30c=435\hfill \\ 30e+40c=690\hfill \end{array}$ for $e$ , the number of calories she burns for each minute on the elliptical trainer, and $c$ , the number of calories she burns for each minute of circuit training.

Stephanie left Riverside, California, driving her motorhome north on Interstate 15 towards Salt Lake City at a speed of 56 miles per hour. Half an hour later, Tina left Riverside in her car on the same route as Stephanie, driving 70 miles per hour. Solve the system $\left\{\begin{array}{c}56s=70t\hfill \\ s=t+\frac{1}{2}\hfill \end{array}$ .

1. for $t$ to find out how long it will take Tina to catch up to Stephanie.
2. what is the value of $s$ , the number of hours Stephanie will have driven before Tina catches up to her?

$t=2$ hours $s=2\frac{1}{2}$ hours

## Writing exercises

Solve the system of equations
$\left\{\begin{array}{c}x+y=10\hfill \\ x-y=6\hfill \end{array}$

by graphing.
by substitution.
Which method do you prefer? Why?

Solve the system of equations
$\left\{\begin{array}{c}3x+y=12\hfill \\ x=y-8\hfill \end{array}$ by substitution and explain all your steps in words.

## Self check

After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section. After reviewing this checklist, what will you do to become confident for all objectives?

What is the lcm of 340
How many numbers each equal to y must be taken to make 15xy
15x
Martin
15x
Asamoah
15x
Hugo
1y
Tom
1y x 15y
Tom
find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
Gee
find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
Gee
there's a chatting option in the app wow
Nana
That's cool cool
Nana
Nice to meet you all
Nana
you too.
Joan
😃
Nana
Hey you all there are several Free Apps that can really help you to better solve type Equations.
Debra
Debra, which apps specifically. ..?
Nana
am having a course in elementary algebra ,any recommendations ?
samuel
Samuel Addai, me too at ucc elementary algebra as part of my core subjects in science
Nana
me too as part of my core subjects in R M E
Ken
at ABETIFI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Ken
ok great. Good to know.
Joan
5x + 1/3= 2x + 1/2
sanam
Plz solve this
sanam
5x - 3x = 1/2 - 1/3 2x = 1/6 x = 1/12
Ranu
Thks ranu
sanam
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains ten rupees Express algebraically the result of his transactions
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
Kim is making eight gallons of punch from fruit juice and soda. The fruit juice costs $6.04 per gallon and the soda costs$4.28 per gallon. How much fruit juice and how much soda should she use so that the punch costs $5.71 per gallon? Mohamed Reply (a+b)(p+q+r)(b+c)(p+q+r)(c+a) (p+q+r) muhammad Reply 4x-7y=8 2x-7y=1 what is the answer? Ramil Reply x=7/2 & y=6/7 Pbp x=7/2 & y=6/7 use Elimination Debra true bismark factoriz e usman 4x-7y=8 X=7/4y+2 and 2x-7y=1 x=7/2y+1/2 Peggie Ok cool answer peggie Frank thanks Ramil copy and complete the table. x. 5. 8. 12. then 9x-5. to the 2nd power+4. then 2xto the second power +3x Sandra Reply What is c+4=8 Penny Reply 2 Letha 4 Lolita 4 Rich 4 thinking C+4=8 -4 -4 C =4 thinking I need to study Letha 4+4=8 William During two years in college, a student earned$9,500. The second year, she earned $500 more than twice the amount she earned the first year. Nicole Reply 9500=500+2x Debra 9500-500=9000 9000÷2×=4500 X=4500 Debra X + Y = 9500....... & Y = 500 + 2X so.... X + 500 + 2X = 9500, them X = 3000 & Y = 6500 Pbp Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles. Josh Reply Reiko needs to mail her Christmas cards and packages and wants to keep her mailing costs to no more than$500. The number of cards is at least 4 more than twice the number of packages. The cost of mailing a card (with pictures enclosed) is $3 and for a package the cost is$7.
hey
Juan
Sup
patrick
The sum of two numbers is 155. The difference is 23. Find the numbers
The sum of two numbers is 155. Their difference is 23. Find the numbers
Michelle
The difference between 89 and 66 is 23
Ciid
Joy is preparing 20 liters of a 25% saline solution. She only has 40% and 10% solution in her lab. How many liters of the 40% and how many liters of the 10% should she mix to make the 25% solution?
hello
bismark
I need a math tutor BAD
Stacie
Me too
Letha
me too
Xavier
ok
Bishal
teet
Bishal  By  By  By By Jordon Humphreys By  