# 4.5 Use the slope–intercept form of an equation of a line

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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
• Recognize the relation between the graph and the slope–intercept form of an equation of a line
• Identify the slope and y-intercept form of an equation of a line
• Graph a line using its slope and intercept
• Choose the most convenient method to graph a line
• Graph and interpret applications of slope–intercept
• Use slopes to identify parallel lines
• Use slopes to identify perpendicular lines

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

1. Add: $\frac{x}{4}+\frac{1}{4}.$
If you missed this problem, review [link] .
2. Find the reciprocal of $\frac{3}{7}.$
If you missed this problem, review [link] .
3. Solve $2x-3y=12\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{for}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}y$ .
If you missed this problem, review [link] .

## Recognize the relation between the graph and the slope–intercept form of an equation of a line

We have graphed linear equations by plotting points, using intercepts, recognizing horizontal and vertical lines, and using the point–slope method. Once we see how an equation in slope–intercept form and its graph are related, we’ll have one more method we can use to graph lines.

In Graph Linear Equations in Two Variables , we graphed the line of the equation $y=\frac{1}{2}x+3$ by plotting points. See [link] . Let’s find the slope of this line.

The red lines show us the rise is 1 and the run is 2. Substituting into the slope formula:

$\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill m& =\hfill & \frac{\text{rise}}{\text{run}}\hfill \\ \hfill m& =\hfill & \frac{1}{2}\hfill \end{array}$

What is the y -intercept of the line? The y -intercept is where the line crosses the y -axis, so y -intercept is $\left(0,3\right)$ . The equation of this line is: Notice, the line has: When a linear equation is solved for $y$ , the coefficient of the $x$ term is the slope and the constant term is the y -coordinate of the y -intercept. We say that the equation $y=\frac{1}{2}x+3$ is in slope–intercept form. ## Slope-intercept form of an equation of a line

The slope–intercept form of an equation of a line with slope $m$ and y -intercept, $\left(0,b\right)$ is,

$y=mx+b$

Sometimes the slope–intercept form is called the “ y -form.”

Use the graph to find the slope and y -intercept of the line, $y=2x+1$ .

Compare these values to the equation $y=mx+b$ .

## Solution

To find the slope of the line, we need to choose two points on the line. We’ll use the points $\left(0,1\right)$ and $\left(1,3\right)$ . Find the rise and run.   Find the y -intercept of the line. The y -intercept is the point (0, 1).  The slope is the same as the coefficient of $x$ and the y -coordinate of the y -intercept is the same as the constant term.

Use the graph to find the slope and y -intercept of the line $y=\frac{2}{3}x-1$ . Compare these values to the equation $y=mx+b$ . slope $m=\frac{2}{3}$ and y -intercept $\left(0,-1\right)$

Use the graph to find the slope and y -intercept of the line $y=\frac{1}{2}x+3$ . Compare these values to the equation $y=mx+b$ . slope $m=\frac{1}{2}$ and y -intercept $\left(0,3\right)$

## Identify the slope and y -intercept from an equation of a line

In Understand Slope of a Line , we graphed a line using the slope and a point. When we are given an equation in slope–intercept form, we can use the y -intercept as the point, and then count out the slope from there. Let’s practice finding the values of the slope and y -intercept from the equation of a line.

Identify the slope and y -intercept of the line with equation $y=-3x+5$ .

## Solution

We compare our equation to the slope–intercept form of the equation. Write the equation of the line. Identify the slope. Identify the y -intercept. I don't see where the answers are.
Ed
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3
Christopher
18t+14t=96 32t=96 32/96 3
Christopher
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kg to lbs you goin to convert 2.2 or one if the same unit your going to time your body weight by 3. example if my body weight is 210lb. what would be my weight if I was 3 times as much in kg. that's you do 210 x3 = 630lb. then 630 x 2.2= .... hope this helps
tyler
How to convert grams to pounds?
paul
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Yes
Cherokee
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15x
Martin
15x
Asamoah
15x
Hugo
1y
Tom
1y x 15y
Tom
find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
Gee
find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
Gee
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Nana
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Nana
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Nana
you too.
Joan
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Nana
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Debra
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Nana
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samuel
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Ken
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Ken
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Joan
5x + 1/3= 2x + 1/2
sanam
Plz solve this
sanam
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Ranu
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sanam
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains ten rupees Express algebraically the result of his transactions
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
vinaya
Kim is making eight gallons of punch from fruit juice and soda. The fruit juice costs $6.04 per gallon and the soda costs$4.28 per gallon. How much fruit juice and how much soda should she use so that the punch costs $5.71 per gallon? Mohamed Reply (a+b)(p+q+r)(b+c)(p+q+r)(c+a) (p+q+r) muhammad Reply 4x-7y=8 2x-7y=1 what is the answer? Ramil Reply x=7/2 & y=6/7 Pbp x=7/2 & y=6/7 use Elimination Debra true bismark factoriz e usman 4x-7y=8 X=7/4y+2 and 2x-7y=1 x=7/2y+1/2 Peggie Ok cool answer peggie Frank thanks Ramil copy and complete the table. x. 5. 8. 12. then 9x-5. to the 2nd power+4. then 2xto the second power +3x Sandra Reply What is c+4=8 Penny Reply 2 Letha 4 Lolita 4 Rich 4 thinking C+4=8 -4 -4 C =4 thinking I need to study Letha 4+4=8 William During two years in college, a student earned$9,500. The second year, she earned \$500 more than twice the amount she earned the first year.
9500=500+2x
Debra
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Debra
X + Y = 9500....... & Y = 500 + 2X so.... X + 500 + 2X = 9500, them X = 3000 & Y = 6500
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