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Aurelia is driving from Miami to Orlando at a rate of 65 miles per hour. The distance is 235 miles. To the nearest tenth of an hour, how long will the trip take?

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Kareem wants to ride his bike from St. Louis to Champaign, Illinois. The distance is 180 miles. If he rides at a steady rate of 16 miles per hour, how many hours will the trip take?

11.25 hours

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Javier is driving to Bangor, 240 miles away. If he needs to be in Bangor in 4 hours, at what rate does he need to drive?

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Alejandra is driving to Cincinnati, 450 miles away. If she wants to be there in 6 hours, at what rate does she need to drive?

75 mph

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Aisha took the train from Spokane to Seattle. The distance is 280 miles and the trip took 3.5 hours. What was the speed of the train?

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Philip got a ride with a friend from Denver to Las Vegas, a distance of 750 miles. If the trip took 10 hours, how fast was the friend driving?

75 mph

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Solve a Formula for a Specific Variable

In the following exercises, use the formula d = r t .

Solve for t
when d = 350 and r = 70
in general

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Solve for t
when d = 240 and r = 60
in general

t = 4 t = d r

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Solve for t
when d = 510 and r = 60
in general

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Solve for t
when d = 175 and r = 50
in general

t = 3.5 t = d r

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Solve for r
when d = 204 and t = 3
in general

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Solve for r
when d = 420 and t = 6
in general

r = 70 r = d t

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Solve for r
when d = 160 and t = 2.5
in general

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Solve for r
when d = 180 and t = 4.5
in general

r = 40 r = d t

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In the following exercises, use the formula A = 1 2 b h .

Solve for b
when A = 126 and h = 18
in general

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Solve for h
when A = 176 and b = 22
in general

h = 16 h = 2 A b

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Solve for h
when A = 375 and b = 25
in general

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Solve for b
when A = 65 and h = 13
in general

b = 10 b = 2 A h

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In the following exercises, use the formula I = Prt .

Solve for the principal, P for
I = $ 5,480 , r = 4 % ,
t = 7 years
in general

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Solve for the principal, P for
I = $ 3,950 , r = 6 % ,
t = 5 years
in general

P = $ 13 , 166.67 P = I r t

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Solve for the time, t for
I = $ 2,376 , P = $ 9,000 ,
r = 4.4 %
in general

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Solve for the time, t for
I = $ 624 , P = $ 6,000 ,
r = 5.2 %
in general

t = 2 years t = I Pr

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In the following exercises, solve.

Solve the formula 2 x + 3 y = 12 for y
when x = 3
in general

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Solve the formula 5 x + 2 y = 10 for y
when x = 4
in general

y = −5 y = 10 5 x 2

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Solve the formula 3 x y = 7 for y
when x = −2
in general

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Solve the formula 4 x + y = 5 for y
when x = −3
in general

y = 17 y = 5 4 x

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Solve a + b = 90 for b .

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Solve a + b = 90 for a .

a = 90 b

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Solve 180 = a + b + c for a .

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Solve 180 = a + b + c for c .

c = 180 a b

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Solve the formula 8 x + y = 15 for y.

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Solve the formula 9 x + y = 13 for y.

y = 13 9 x

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Solve the formula −4 x + y = −6 for y.

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Solve the formula −5 x + y = −1 for y.

y = −1 + 5 x

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Solve the formula 4 x + 3 y = 7 for y .

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Solve the formula 3 x + 2 y = 11 for y .

y = 11 3 x 4

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Solve the formula x y = −4 for y .

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Solve the formula x y = −3 for y .

y = 3 + x

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Solve the formula P = 2 L + 2 W for L .

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Solve the formula P = 2 L + 2 W for W .

W = P 2 L 2

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Solve the formula C = π d for d .

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Solve the formula C = π d for π .

π = C d

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Solve the formula V = L W H for L .

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Solve the formula V = L W H for H .

H = V L W

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Everyday math

Converting temperature While on a tour in Greece, Tatyana saw that the temperature was 40 o Celsius. Solve for F in the formula C = 5 9 ( F 32 ) to find the Fahrenheit temperature.

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Converting temperature Yon was visiting the United States and he saw that the temperature in Seattle one day was 50 o Fahrenheit. Solve for C in the formula F = 9 5 C + 32 to find the Celsius temperature.

10°C

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Writing exercises

Solve the equation 2 x + 3 y = 6 for y
when x = −3
in general
Which solution is easier for you, or ? Why?

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Solve the equation 5 x 2 y = 10 for x
when y = 10
in general
Which solution is easier for you, or ? Why?

Answers will vary.

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Self check

After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

This is a table that has three rows and four columns. In the first row, which is a header row, the cells read from left to right: “I can…,” “confidently,” “with some help,” and “no-I don’t get it!” The first column below “I can…” reads “use the distance, rate, and time formula,” and “solve a formula for a specific variable.” The rest of the cells are blank.

What does this checklist tell you about your mastery of this section? What steps will you take to improve?

Questions & Answers

Priam has pennies and dimes in a cup holder in his car. The total value of the coins is $4.21 . The number of dimes is three less than four times the number of pennies. How many pennies and how many dimes are in the cup?
Cecilia Reply
Arnold invested $64,000 some at 5.5% interest and the rest at 9% interest how much did he invest at each rate if he received $4500 in interest in one year
Heidi Reply
List five positive thoughts you can say to yourself that will help youapproachwordproblemswith a positive attitude. You may want to copy them on a sheet of paper and put it in the front of your notebook, where you can read them often.
Elbert Reply
Avery and Caden have saved $27,000 towards a down payment on a house. They want to keep some of the money in a bank account that pays 2.4% annual interest and the rest in a stock fund that pays 7.2% annual interest. How much should they put into each account so that they earn 6% interest per year?
Leika Reply
324.00
Irene
1.2% of 27.000
Irene
i did 2.4%-7.2% i got 1.2%
Irene
I have 6% of 27000 = 1620 so we need to solve 2.4x +7.2y =1620
Catherine
I think Catherine is on the right track. Solve for x and y.
Scott
next bit : x=(1620-7.2y)/2.4 y=(1620-2.4x)/7.2 I think we can then put the expression on the right hand side of the "x=" into the second equation. 2.4x in the second equation can be rewritten as 2.4(rhs of first equation) I write this out tidy and get back to you...
Catherine
Darrin is hanging 200 feet of Christmas garland on the three sides of fencing that enclose his rectangular front yard. The length is five feet less than five times the width. Find the length and width of the fencing.
Ericka Reply
Mario invested $475 in $45 and $25 stock shares. The number of $25 shares was five less than three times the number of $45 shares. How many of each type of share did he buy?
Jawad Reply
let # of $25 shares be (x) and # of $45 shares be (y) we start with $25x + $45y=475, right? we are told the number of $25 shares is 3y-5) so plug in this for x. $25(3y-5)+$45y=$475 75y-125+45y=475 75y+45y=600 120y=600 y=5 so if #$25 shares is (3y-5) plug in y.
Joshua
will every polynomial have finite number of multiples?
cricket Reply
a=# of 10's. b=# of 20's; a+b=54; 10a + 20b=$910; a=54 -b; 10(54-b) + 20b=$910; 540-10b+20b=$910; 540+10b=$910; 10b=910-540; 10b=370; b=37; so there are 37 20's and since a+b=54, a+37=54; a=54-37=17; a=17, so 17 10's. So lets check. $740+$170=$910.
David Reply
. A cashier has 54 bills, all of which are $10 or $20 bills. The total value of the money is $910. How many of each type of bill does the cashier have?
jojo Reply
whats the coefficient of 17x
Dwayne Reply
the solution says it 14 but how i thought it would be 17 im i right or wrong is the exercise wrong
Dwayne
17
Melissa
wow the exercise told me 17x solution is 14x lmao
Dwayne
thank you
Dwayne
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet
Mikaela Reply
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Sam Reply
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Mckenzie Reply
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Reiley Reply
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
hamzzi Reply
90 minutes
muhammad

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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