2.6 Solve a formula for a specific variable

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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
• Use the Distance, Rate, and Time formula
• Solve a formula for a specific variable

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

1. Solve: $15t=120.$
If you missed this problem, review [link] .
2. Solve: $6x+24=96.$
If you missed this problem, review [link] .

Use the distance, rate, and time formula

One formula you will use often in algebra and in everyday life is the formula for distance traveled by an object moving at a constant rate. Rate is an equivalent word for “speed.” The basic idea of rate may already familiar to you. Do you know what distance you travel if you drive at a steady rate of 60 miles per hour for 2 hours? (This might happen if you use your car’s cruise control while driving on the highway.) If you said 120 miles, you already know how to use this formula!

Distance, rate, and time

For an object moving at a uniform (constant) rate, the distance traveled, the elapsed time, and the rate are related by the formula:

$\begin{array}{ccccccccc}d=rt\hfill & & & \hfill \text{where}\hfill & & & \hfill d& =\hfill & \text{distance}\hfill \\ & & & & & & \hfill r& =\hfill & \text{rate}\hfill \\ & & & & & & \hfill t& =\hfill & \text{time}\hfill \end{array}$

We will use the Strategy for Solving Applications that we used earlier in this chapter. When our problem requires a formula, we change Step 4. In place of writing a sentence, we write the appropriate formula. We write the revised steps here for reference.

Solve an application (with a formula).

1. Read the problem. Make sure all the words and ideas are understood.
2. Identify what we are looking for.
3. Name what we are looking for. Choose a variable to represent that quantity.
4. Translate into an equation. Write the appropriate formula for the situation. Substitute in the given information.
5. Solve the equation using good algebra techniques.
6. Check the answer in the problem and make sure it makes sense.
7. Answer the question with a complete sentence.

You may want to create a mini-chart to summarize the information in the problem. See the chart in this first example.

Jamal rides his bike at a uniform rate of 12 miles per hour for $3\frac{1}{2}$ hours. What distance has he traveled?

Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. distance traveled Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Let d = distance. Step 4. Translate: Write the appropriate formula. $d=rt$ Substitute in the given information. $d=12·3\frac{1}{2}$ Step 5. Solve the equation. $d=42$ miles Step 6. Check Does 42 miles make sense? Jamal rides: Step 7. Answer the question with a complete sentence. Jamal rode 42 miles.

Lindsay drove for $5\frac{1}{2}$ hours at 60 miles per hour. How much distance did she travel?

330 miles

Trinh walked for $2\frac{1}{3}$ hours at 3 miles per hour. How far did she walk?

7 miles

Rey is planning to drive from his house in San Diego to visit his grandmother in Sacramento, a distance of 520 miles. If he can drive at a steady rate of 65 miles per hour, how many hours will the trip take?

Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. How many hours (time) Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Let t = time. Step 4. Translate. Write the appropriate formula. $\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}d=rt$ Substitute in the given information. $520=65t$ Step 5. Solve the equation. $\phantom{\rule{1.2em}{0ex}}t=8$ Step 6. Check. Substitute the numbers into the formula and make sure the result is a true statement. $\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill d& =\hfill & rt\hfill \\ \hfill 520& \stackrel{?}{=}\hfill & 65·8\hfill \\ \hfill 520& =\hfill & 520✓\hfill \end{array}$ Step 7. Answer the question with a complete sentence. Rey’s trip will take 8 hours.

Questions & Answers

Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles.
Dojzae Reply
LeBron needs 150 milliliters of a 30% solution of sulfuric acid for a lab experiment but only has access to a 25% and a 50% solution. How much of the 25% and how much of the 50% solution should he mix to make the 30% solution?
Xona Reply
5%
Michael
hey everyone how to do algebra
The Reply
Felecia answer 1.5 hours before he reaches her
Adriana Reply
I would like to solve the problem -6/2x
rachel Reply
12x
Andrew
how
Christian
Does the x represent a number or does it need to be graphed ?
latonya
-3/x
Venugopal
-3x is correct
Atul
Arnold invested $64,000, some at 5.5% interest and the rest at 9%. How much did he invest at each rate if he received$4,500 in interest in one year?
Stephanie Reply
Tickets for the community fair cost $12 for adults and$5 for children. On the first day of the fair, 312 tickets were sold for a total of $2204. How many adult tickets and how many child tickets were sold? Alpha Reply 220 gayla Three-fourths of the people at a concert are children. If there are 87 children, what is the total number of people at the concert? Tsimmuaj Reply Erica earned a total of$50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college? Tsimmuaj Erica earned a total of$50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college? Tsimmuaj ? Is there anything wrong with this passage I found the total sum for 2 jobs, but found why elaborate on extra If I total one week from the store *4 would = the month than the total is = x than x can't calculate 10 month of a year candido what would be wong candido 87 divided by 3 then multiply that by 4. 116 people total. Melissa the actual number that has 3 out of 4 of a whole pie candido was having a hard time finding Teddy use Matrices for the 2nd question Daniel One number is 11 less than the other number. If their sum is increased by 8, the result is 71. Find the numbers. Tsimmuaj Reply 26 + 37 = 63 + 8 = 71 gayla 26+37=63+8=71 ziad 11+52=63+8=71 Thisha how do we know the answer is correct? Thisha 23 is 11 less than 37. 23+37=63. 63+8=71. that is what the question asked for. gayla 23 +11 = 37. 23+37=63 63+8=71 Gayla by following the question. one number is 11 less than the other number 26+11=37 so 26+37=63+8=71 Gayla your answer did not fit the guidelines of the question 11 is 41 less than 52. gayla 71-8-11 =52 is this correct? Ruel let the number is 'x' and the other number is "x-11". if their sum is increased means: x+(x-11)+8 result will be 71. so x+(x-11)+8=71 2x-11+8=71 2x-3=71 2x=71+3 2x=74 1/2(2x=74)1/2 x=37 final answer tesfu just new Muwanga Amara currently sells televisions for company A at a salary of$17,000 plus a $100 commission for each television she sells. Company B offers her a position with a salary of$29,000 plus a $20 commission for each television she sells. How televisions would Amara need to sell for the options to be equal? Tsimmuaj Reply yes math Kenneth company A 13 company b 5. A 17,000+13×100=29,100 B 29,000+5×20=29,100 gayla need help with math to do tsi test Toocute me too Christian have you tried the TSI practice test ***tsipracticetest.com gayla DaMarcus and Fabian live 23 miles apart and play soccer at a park between their homes. DaMarcus rode his bike for 34 of an hour and Fabian rode his bike for 12 of an hour to get to the park. Fabian’s speed was 6 miles per hour faster than DaMarcus’s speed. Find the speed of both soccer players. gustavo Reply ? Ann DaMarcus: 16 mi/hr Fabian: 22 mi/hr Sherman Joy is preparing 20 liters of a 25% saline solution. She has only a 40% solution and a 10% solution in her lab. How many liters of the 40% solution and how many liters of the 10% solution should she mix to make the 25% solution? Wenda Reply 15 and 5 32 is 40% , & 8 is 10 % , & any 4 letters is 5%. Karen It felt that something is missing on the question like: 40% of what solution? 10% of what solution? Jhea its confusing Sparcast 3% & 2% to complete the 25% Sparcast because she already has 20 liters. Sparcast ok I was a little confused I agree 15% & 5% Sparcast 8,2 Karen Jim and Debbie earned$7200. Debbie earned \$1600 more than Jim earned. How much did they earned
Arleathia Reply
5600
Gloria
1600
Gloria
Bebbie: 4,400 Jim: 2,800
Jhea
A river cruise boat sailed 80 miles down the Mississippi River for 4 hours. It took 5 hours to return. Find the rate of the cruise boat in still water and the rate of the current.
Sunnyshay Reply
A veterinarian is enclosing a rectangular outdoor running area against his building for the dogs he cares for. He needs to maximize the area using 100 feet of fencing. The quadratic equation A=x(100−2x) gives the area, A , of the dog run for the length, x , of the building that will border the dog run. Find the length of the building that should border the dog run to give the maximum area, and then find the maximum area of the dog run.
Elizabeth Reply
ggfcc
Mike

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