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We show the same two graphs again with the axis of symmetry in red. See [link] .

This figure shows an two graphs side by side. The graph on the left side shows an upward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The lowest point on the curve is at the point (-2, -1). Other points on the curve are located at (-3, 0), and (-1, 0). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line that goes through the center of the parabola at the point (-2, -1). Below the graph is the equation of the graph, y equals x squared plus 4 x plus 3. The graph on the right side shows an downward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The highest point on the curve is at the point (2, 7). Other points on the curve are located at (0, 3), and (4, 3). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line that goes through the center of the parabola at the point (2, 7). Below the graph is the equation of the graph, y equals negative x squared plus 4 x plus 3.

The equation of the axis of symmetry    can be derived by using the Quadratic Formula. We will omit the derivation here and proceed directly to using the result. The equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph of y = a x 2 + b x + c is x = b 2 a .

So, to find the equation of symmetry of each of the parabolas we graphed above, we will substitute into the formula x = b 2 a .

The figure shows the steps to find the axis of symmetry for two parabolas. On the left side the standard form of a quadratic equation which is y equals a x squared plus b x plus c is written above the given equation y equals x squared plus 4 x plus 3. The axis of symmetry is the equation x equals negative b divided by the quantity two times a. Plugging in the values of a and b from the quadratic equation the formula becomes x equals negative 4 divided by the quantity 2 times 1, which simplifies to x equals negative 2. On the right side the standard form of a quadratic equation which is y equals a x squared plus b x plus c is written above the given equation y equals negative x squared plus 4 x plus 3. The axis of symmetry is the equation x equals negative b divided by the quantity two times a. Plugging in the values of a and b from the quadratic equation the formula becomes x equals negative 4 divided by the quantity 2 times -1, which simplifies to x equals 2.

Look back at [link] . Are these the equations of the dashed red lines?

The point on the parabola that is on the axis of symmetry is the lowest or highest point on the parabola, depending on whether the parabola opens upwards or downwards. This point is called the vertex    of the parabola.

We can easily find the coordinates of the vertex, because we know it is on the axis of symmetry. This means its x -coordinate is b 2 a . To find the y -coordinate of the vertex, we substitute the value of the x -coordinate into the quadratic equation.

The figure shows the steps to find the vertex for two parabolas. On the left side is the given equation y equals x squared plus 4 x plus 3. Below the equation is the statement “axis of symmetry is x equals -2”. Below that is the statement “vertex is” next to the statement is an ordered pair with x-value of -2, the same as the axis of symmetry, and the y-value is blank. Below that the original equation is rewritten. Below the equation is the equation with -2 plugged in for the x value which is y equals -2 squared plus 4 times -2 plus 3. This simplifies to y equals -1. Below this is the statement “vertex is (-2, -1)”. On the right side is the given equation y equals negative x squared plus 4 x plus 3. Below the equation is the statement “axis of symmetry is x equals 2”. Below that is the statement “vertex is” next to the statement is an ordered pair with x-value of 2, the same as the axis of symmetry, and the y-value is blank. Below that the original equation is rewritten. Below the equation is the equation with 2 plugged in for the x value which is y equals negative the quantity 2 squared, plus 4 times 2 plus 3. This simplifies to y equals 7. Below this is the statement “vertex is (2, 7)”.

Axis of symmetry and vertex of a parabola

For a parabola with equation y = a x 2 + b x + c :

  • The axis of symmetry of a parabola is the line x = b 2 a .
  • The vertex is on the axis of symmetry, so its x -coordinate is b 2 a .

To find the y -coordinate of the vertex, we substitute x = b 2 a into the quadratic equation.

For the parabola y = 3 x 2 6 x + 2 find: the axis of symmetry and the vertex.

Solution

.
The axis of symmetry is the line x = b 2 a . .
Substitute the values of a, b into the equation. .
Simplify. x = 1
The axis of symmetry is the line x = 1 .
.
The vertex is on the line of symmetry, so its x -coordinate will be x = 1 .
Substitute x = 1 into the equation and solve for y. .
Simplify. .
This is the y -coordinate. y = −1
The vertex is ( 1 , 1 ) .
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For the parabola y = 2 x 2 8 x + 1 find: the axis of symmetry and the vertex.

x = 2 ( 2 , −7 )

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For the parabola y = 2 x 2 4 x 3 find: the axis of symmetry and the vertex.

x = 1 ( 1 , −5 )

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Find the intercepts of a parabola

When we graphed linear equations, we often used the x - and y -intercepts to help us graph the lines. Finding the coordinates of the intercepts will help us to graph parabolas, too.

Remember, at the y -intercept    the value of x is zero. So, to find the y -intercept, we substitute x = 0 into the equation.

Let’s find the y -intercepts of the two parabolas shown in the figure below.

This figure shows an two graphs side by side. The graph on the left side shows an upward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The vertex is at the point (-2, -1). Other points on the curve are located at (-3, 0), and (-1, 0). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals -2. Below the graph is the equation of the graph, y equals x squared plus 4 x plus 3. Below that is the statement “x equals 0”. Next to that is the equation of the graph with 0 plugged in for x which gives y equals 0 squared plus4 times 0 plus 3. This simplifies to y equals 3. Below the equation is the statement “y-intercept (0, 3)”. The graph on the right side shows an downward-opening parabola graphed on the x y-coordinate plane. The x-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The y-axis of the plane runs from negative 10 to 10. The vertex is at the point (2, 7). Other points on the curve are located at (0, 3), and (4, 3). Also on the graph is a dashed vertical line representing the axis of symmetry. The line goes through the vertex at x equals 2. Below the graph is the equation of the graph, y equals negative x squared plus 4 x plus 3. Below that is the statement “x equals 0”. Next to that is the equation of the graph with 0 plugged in for x which gives y equals negative quantity 0 squared plus 4 times 0 plus 3. This simplifies to y equals 3. Below the equation is the statement “y-intercept (0, 3)”.

At an x -intercept , the value of y is zero. To find an x -intercept, we substitute y = 0 into the equation. In other words, we will need to solve the equation 0 = a x 2 + b x + c for x .

y = a x 2 + b x + c 0 = a x 2 + b x + c

But solving quadratic equations like this is exactly what we have done earlier in this chapter.

We can now find the x -intercepts of the two parabolas shown in [link] .

First, we will find the x -intercepts of a parabola    with equation y = x 2 + 4 x + 3 .

.
Let y = 0 . .
Factor. .
Use the zero product property. .
Solve. .
The x intercepts are ( 1 , 0 ) and ( 3 , 0 ) .

Now, we will find the x -intercepts of the parabola with equation y = x 2 + 4 x + 3 .

.
Let y = 0 . .
This quadratic does not factor, so we use the Quadratic Formula. .
a = −1 , b = 4 , c = 3 .
Simplify. .
.
. .
The x intercepts are ( 2 + 7 , 0 ) and ( 2 7 , 0 ) .

We will use the decimal approximations of the x-intercepts, so that we can locate these points on the graph.

( 2 + 7 , 0 ) ( 4.6 , 0 ) ( 2 7 , 0 ) ( −0.6 , 0 )

Questions & Answers

Bruce drives his car for his job. The equation R=0.575m+42 models the relation between the amount in dollars, R, that he is reimbursed and the number of miles, m, he drives in one day. Find the amount Bruce is reimbursed on a day when he drives 220 miles.
Dojzae Reply
LeBron needs 150 milliliters of a 30% solution of sulfuric acid for a lab experiment but only has access to a 25% and a 50% solution. How much of the 25% and how much of the 50% solution should he mix to make the 30% solution?
Xona Reply
5%
Michael
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The Reply
Felecia answer 1.5 hours before he reaches her
Adriana Reply
I would like to solve the problem -6/2x
rachel Reply
12x
Andrew
how
Christian
Does the x represent a number or does it need to be graphed ?
latonya
-3/x
Venugopal
-3x is correct
Atul
Arnold invested $64,000, some at 5.5% interest and the rest at 9%. How much did he invest at each rate if he received $4,500 in interest in one year?
Stephanie Reply
Tickets for the community fair cost $12 for adults and $5 for children. On the first day of the fair, 312 tickets were sold for a total of $2204. How many adult tickets and how many child tickets were sold?
Alpha Reply
220
gayla
Three-fourths of the people at a concert are children. If there are 87 children, what is the total number of people at the concert?
Tsimmuaj Reply
Erica earned a total of $50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college?
Tsimmuaj
Erica earned a total of $50,450 last year from her two jobs. The amount she earned from her job at the store was $1,250 more than four times the amount she earned from her job at the college. How much did she earn from her job at the college?
Tsimmuaj
? Is there anything wrong with this passage I found the total sum for 2 jobs, but found why elaborate on extra If I total one week from the store *4 would = the month than the total is = x than x can't calculate 10 month of a year
candido
what would be wong
candido
87 divided by 3 then multiply that by 4. 116 people total.
Melissa
the actual number that has 3 out of 4 of a whole pie
candido
was having a hard time finding
Teddy
use Matrices for the 2nd question
Daniel
One number is 11 less than the other number. If their sum is increased by 8, the result is 71. Find the numbers.
Tsimmuaj Reply
26 + 37 = 63 + 8 = 71
gayla
26+37=63+8=71
ziad
11+52=63+8=71
Thisha
how do we know the answer is correct?
Thisha
23 is 11 less than 37. 23+37=63. 63+8=71. that is what the question asked for.
gayla
23 +11 = 37. 23+37=63 63+8=71
Gayla
by following the question. one number is 11 less than the other number 26+11=37 so 26+37=63+8=71
Gayla
your answer did not fit the guidelines of the question 11 is 41 less than 52.
gayla
71-8-11 =52 is this correct?
Ruel
let the number is 'x' and the other number is "x-11". if their sum is increased means: x+(x-11)+8 result will be 71. so x+(x-11)+8=71 2x-11+8=71 2x-3=71 2x=71+3 2x=74 1/2(2x=74)1/2 x=37 final answer
tesfu
just new
Muwanga
Amara currently sells televisions for company A at a salary of $17,000 plus a $100 commission for each television she sells. Company B offers her a position with a salary of $29,000 plus a $20 commission for each television she sells. How televisions would Amara need to sell for the options to be equal?
Tsimmuaj Reply
yes math
Kenneth
company A 13 company b 5. A 17,000+13×100=29,100 B 29,000+5×20=29,100
gayla
need help with math to do tsi test
Toocute
me too
Christian
have you tried the TSI practice test ***tsipracticetest.com
gayla
DaMarcus and Fabian live 23 miles apart and play soccer at a park between their homes. DaMarcus rode his bike for 34 of an hour and Fabian rode his bike for 12 of an hour to get to the park. Fabian’s speed was 6 miles per hour faster than DaMarcus’s speed. Find the speed of both soccer players.
gustavo Reply
?
Ann
DaMarcus: 16 mi/hr Fabian: 22 mi/hr
Sherman
Joy is preparing 20 liters of a 25% saline solution. She has only a 40% solution and a 10% solution in her lab. How many liters of the 40% solution and how many liters of the 10% solution should she mix to make the 25% solution?
Wenda Reply
15 and 5
32 is 40% , & 8 is 10 % , & any 4 letters is 5%.
Karen
It felt that something is missing on the question like: 40% of what solution? 10% of what solution?
Jhea
its confusing
Sparcast
3% & 2% to complete the 25%
Sparcast
because she already has 20 liters.
Sparcast
ok I was a little confused I agree 15% & 5%
Sparcast
8,2
Karen
Jim and Debbie earned $7200. Debbie earned $1600 more than Jim earned. How much did they earned
Arleathia Reply
5600
Gloria
1600
Gloria
Bebbie: 4,400 Jim: 2,800
Jhea
A river cruise boat sailed 80 miles down the Mississippi River for 4 hours. It took 5 hours to return. Find the rate of the cruise boat in still water and the rate of the current.
Sunnyshay Reply
A veterinarian is enclosing a rectangular outdoor running area against his building for the dogs he cares for. He needs to maximize the area using 100 feet of fencing. The quadratic equation A=x(100−2x) gives the area, A , of the dog run for the length, x , of the building that will border the dog run. Find the length of the building that should border the dog run to give the maximum area, and then find the maximum area of the dog run.
Elizabeth Reply
ggfcc
Mike
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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