# 1.8 The real numbers  (Page 4/13)

 Page 4 / 13 This chart shows the number sets that make up the set of real numbers. Does the term “real numbers” seem strange to you? Are there any numbers that are not “real,” and, if so, what could they be?

Can we simplify $\sqrt{-25}?$ Is there a number whose square is $-25?$

${\left(\text{}\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}\right)}^{2}=-25?$

None of the numbers that we have dealt with so far has a square that is $-25.$ Why? Any positive number squared is positive. Any negative number squared is positive. So we say there is no real number equal to $\sqrt{-25}.$

The square root of a negative number is not a real number.

For each number given, identify whether it is a real number or not a real number: $\sqrt{-169}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{64}.$

1. There is no real number whose square is $-169.$ Therefore, $\sqrt{-169}$ is not a real number.
2. Since the negative is in front of the radical, $\text{−}\sqrt{64}$ is $-8,$ Since $-8$ is a real number, $\text{−}\sqrt{64}$ is a real number.

For each number given, identify whether it is a real number or not a real number: $\sqrt{-196}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{81}.$

not a real number real number

For each number given, identify whether it is a real number or not a real number: $\text{−}\sqrt{49}$ $\sqrt{-121}.$

real number not a real number

Given the numbers $-7,\frac{14}{5},8,\sqrt{5},5.9,\text{−}\sqrt{64},$ list the whole numbers integers rational numbers irrational numbers real numbers.

Remember, the whole numbers are 0, 1, 2, 3, … and 8 is the only whole number given.
The integers are the whole numbers, their opposites, and 0. So the whole number 8 is an integer, and $-7$ is the opposite of a whole number so it is an integer, too. Also, notice that 64 is the square of 8 so $\text{−}\sqrt{64}=-8.$ So the integers are $-7,8,\text{−}\sqrt{64}.$
Since all integers are rational, then $-7,8,\text{−}\sqrt{64}$ are rational. Rational numbers also include fractions and decimals that repeat or stop, so $\frac{14}{5}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}5.9$ are rational. So the list of rational numbers is $-7,\frac{14}{5},8,5.9,-\sqrt{64}.$
Remember that 5 is not a perfect square, so $\sqrt{5}$ is irrational.
All the numbers listed are real numbers.

For the given numbers, list the whole numbers integers rational numbers irrational numbers real numbers: $-3,\text{−}\sqrt{2},0.\stackrel{\text{–}}{3},\frac{9}{5},4,\sqrt{49}.$

$4,\sqrt{49}$ $-3,4,\sqrt{49}$ $-3,0.\stackrel{\text{–}}{3},\frac{9}{5},4,\sqrt{49}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{2}$ $-3,\text{−}\sqrt{2},0.\stackrel{\text{–}}{3},\frac{9}{5},4,\sqrt{49}$

For the given numbers, list the whole numbers integers rational numbers irrational numbers real numbers: $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{8},-1,6,\sqrt{121},2.041975\text{…}$

$6,\sqrt{121}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-1,6,\sqrt{121}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{8},-1,6,\sqrt{121}$ $2.041975\text{…}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{8},-1,6,\sqrt{121},2.041975\text{…}$

## Locate fractions on the number line

The last time we looked at the number line    , it only had positive and negative integers on it. We now want to include fraction    s and decimals on it.

Doing the Manipulative Mathematics activity “Number Line Part 3” will help you develop a better understanding of the location of fractions on the number line.

Let’s start with fractions and locate $\frac{1}{5},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5},3,\frac{7}{4},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{9}{2},-5,\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{8}{3}$ on the number line.

We’ll start with the whole numbers $3$ and $-5.$ because they are the easiest to plot. See [link] .

The proper fractions listed are $\frac{1}{5}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5}.$ We know the proper fraction $\frac{1}{5}$ has value less than one and so would be located between $\text{0 and 1.}$ The denominator is 5, so we divide the unit from 0 to 1 into 5 equal parts $\frac{1}{5},\frac{2}{5},\frac{3}{5},\frac{4}{5}.$ We plot $\frac{1}{5}.$ See [link] .

Similarly, $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5}$ is between 0 and $-1.$ After dividing the unit into 5 equal parts we plot $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5}.$ See [link] .

Finally, look at the improper fractions $\frac{7}{4},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{9}{2},\frac{8}{3}.$ These are fractions in which the numerator is greater than the denominator. Locating these points may be easier if you change each of them to a mixed number. See [link] .

What is the lcm of 340
How many numbers each equal to y must be taken to make 15xy
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find the equation whose roots are 1 and 2
(x - 2)(x -1)=0 so equation is x^2-x+2=0
Ranu
I believe it's x^2-3x+2
NerdNamedGerg
because the X's multiply by the -2 and the -1 and than combine like terms
NerdNamedGerg
find the equation whose roots are -1 and 4
Ans = ×^2-3×+2
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find the equation whose roots are -2 and -1
(×+1)(×-4) = x^2-3×-4
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a trader gains 20 rupees loses 42 rupees and then gains 10 rupees Express algebraically the result of his three transactions
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The sum of two numbers is 155. The difference is 23. Find the numbers
The sum of two numbers is 155. Their difference is 23. Find the numbers
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The difference between 89 and 66 is 23
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