# 1.8 The real numbers  (Page 4/13)

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Can we simplify $\sqrt{-25}?$ Is there a number whose square is $-25?$

${\left(\text{}\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}\right)}^{2}=-25?$

None of the numbers that we have dealt with so far has a square that is $-25.$ Why? Any positive number squared is positive. Any negative number squared is positive. So we say there is no real number equal to $\sqrt{-25}.$

The square root of a negative number is not a real number.

For each number given, identify whether it is a real number or not a real number: $\sqrt{-169}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{64}.$

1. There is no real number whose square is $-169.$ Therefore, $\sqrt{-169}$ is not a real number.
2. Since the negative is in front of the radical, $\text{−}\sqrt{64}$ is $-8,$ Since $-8$ is a real number, $\text{−}\sqrt{64}$ is a real number.

For each number given, identify whether it is a real number or not a real number: $\sqrt{-196}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{81}.$

not a real number real number

For each number given, identify whether it is a real number or not a real number: $\text{−}\sqrt{49}$ $\sqrt{-121}.$

real number not a real number

Given the numbers $-7,\frac{14}{5},8,\sqrt{5},5.9,\text{−}\sqrt{64},$ list the whole numbers integers rational numbers irrational numbers real numbers.

Remember, the whole numbers are 0, 1, 2, 3, … and 8 is the only whole number given.
The integers are the whole numbers, their opposites, and 0. So the whole number 8 is an integer, and $-7$ is the opposite of a whole number so it is an integer, too. Also, notice that 64 is the square of 8 so $\text{−}\sqrt{64}=-8.$ So the integers are $-7,8,\text{−}\sqrt{64}.$
Since all integers are rational, then $-7,8,\text{−}\sqrt{64}$ are rational. Rational numbers also include fractions and decimals that repeat or stop, so $\frac{14}{5}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}5.9$ are rational. So the list of rational numbers is $-7,\frac{14}{5},8,5.9,-\sqrt{64}.$
Remember that 5 is not a perfect square, so $\sqrt{5}$ is irrational.
All the numbers listed are real numbers.

For the given numbers, list the whole numbers integers rational numbers irrational numbers real numbers: $-3,\text{−}\sqrt{2},0.\stackrel{\text{–}}{3},\frac{9}{5},4,\sqrt{49}.$

$4,\sqrt{49}$ $-3,4,\sqrt{49}$ $-3,0.\stackrel{\text{–}}{3},\frac{9}{5},4,\sqrt{49}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{2}$ $-3,\text{−}\sqrt{2},0.\stackrel{\text{–}}{3},\frac{9}{5},4,\sqrt{49}$

For the given numbers, list the whole numbers integers rational numbers irrational numbers real numbers: $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{8},-1,6,\sqrt{121},2.041975\text{…}$

$6,\sqrt{121}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-1,6,\sqrt{121}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{8},-1,6,\sqrt{121}$ $2.041975\text{…}$ $\text{−}\sqrt{25},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{3}{8},-1,6,\sqrt{121},2.041975\text{…}$

## Locate fractions on the number line

The last time we looked at the number line    , it only had positive and negative integers on it. We now want to include fraction    s and decimals on it.

Doing the Manipulative Mathematics activity “Number Line Part 3” will help you develop a better understanding of the location of fractions on the number line.

Let’s start with fractions and locate $\frac{1}{5},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5},3,\frac{7}{4},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{9}{2},-5,\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{8}{3}$ on the number line.

We’ll start with the whole numbers $3$ and $-5.$ because they are the easiest to plot. See [link] .

The proper fractions listed are $\frac{1}{5}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5}.$ We know the proper fraction $\frac{1}{5}$ has value less than one and so would be located between $\text{0 and 1.}$ The denominator is 5, so we divide the unit from 0 to 1 into 5 equal parts $\frac{1}{5},\frac{2}{5},\frac{3}{5},\frac{4}{5}.$ We plot $\frac{1}{5}.$ See [link] .

Similarly, $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5}$ is between 0 and $-1.$ After dividing the unit into 5 equal parts we plot $-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{4}{5}.$ See [link] .

Finally, look at the improper fractions $\frac{7}{4},-\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{9}{2},\frac{8}{3}.$ These are fractions in which the numerator is greater than the denominator. Locating these points may be easier if you change each of them to a mixed number. See [link] .

#### Questions & Answers

DaMarcus and Fabian live 23 miles apart and play soccer at a park between their homes. DaMarcus rode his bike for 34 of an hour and Fabian rode his bike for 12 of an hour to get to the park. Fabian’s speed was 6 miles per hour faster than DaMarcus’s speed. Find the speed of both soccer players.
?
Ann
DaMarcus: 16 mi/hr Fabian: 22 mi/hr
Sherman
Joy is preparing 20 liters of a 25% saline solution. She has only a 40% solution and a 10% solution in her lab. How many liters of the 40% solution and how many liters of the 10% solution should she mix to make the 25% solution?
15 and 5
32 is 40% , & 8 is 10 % , & any 4 letters is 5%.
Karen
It felt that something is missing on the question like: 40% of what solution? 10% of what solution?
Jhea
its confusing
Sparcast
3% & 2% to complete the 25%
Sparcast
because she already has 20 liters.
Sparcast
ok I was a little confused I agree 15% & 5%
Sparcast
8,2
Karen
Jim and Debbie earned $7200. Debbie earned$1600 more than Jim earned. How much did they earned
5600
Gloria
1600
Gloria
Bebbie: 4,400 Jim: 2,800
Jhea
A river cruise boat sailed 80 miles down the Mississippi River for 4 hours. It took 5 hours to return. Find the rate of the cruise boat in still water and the rate of the current.
A veterinarian is enclosing a rectangular outdoor running area against his building for the dogs he cares for. He needs to maximize the area using 100 feet of fencing. The quadratic equation A=x(100−2x) gives the area, A , of the dog run for the length, x , of the building that will border the dog run. Find the length of the building that should border the dog run to give the maximum area, and then find the maximum area of the dog run.
ggfcc
Mike
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight year old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
1,75hrs
Mike
I'm going to guess. Divide Levi's time by 2. Then divide 1 hour by 2. 1.25 + 0.5 = 1.3?
John
Oops I mean 1.75
John
I'm guessing this because since I have divide 1 hour by 2, I have to do the same for the 2.5 hours it takes Levi by himself.
John
1,75 hrs is correct Mike
Emund
How did you come up with the answer?
John
Drew burned 1,800 calories Friday playing 1 hour of basketball and canoeing for 2 hours. On Saturday, he spent 2 hours playing basketball and 3 hours canoeing and burned 3,200 calories. How many calories did he burn per hour when playing basketball?
Brandon has a cup of quarters and dimes with a total value of $3.80. The number of quarters is four less than twice the number of dimes. How many quarters and how many dimes does Brandon have? Kendra Reply Tickets to a Broadway show cost$35 for adults and $15 for children. The total receipts for 1650 tickets at one performance were$47,150. How many adult and how many child tickets were sold?
825
Carol
Arnold invested $64,000, some at 5.5% interest and the rest at 9%. How much did he invest at each rate if he received$4,500 in interest in one year? How do I do this
how to square
easiest way to find the square root of a large number?
Jackie
the accompanying figure shows known flow rates of hydrocarbons into and out of a network of pipes at an oil refinery set up a linear system whose solution provides the unknown flow rates (b) solve the system for the unknown flow rates (c) find the flow rates and directions of flow if x4=50and x6=0
What is observation
I'm confused by the question. Can you describe or explain the math question it pertains to?
Melissa
there is no math to it because all you use is your vision or gaze to the sorrounding areas
Cesarp
Teegan likes to play golf. He has budgeted $60 next month for the driving range. It costs him$10.55 for a bucket of balls each time he goes. What is the maximum number of times he can go to the driving range next month?
5 times max
Anton
Felecia left her home to visit her daughter, driving 45mph. Her husband waited for the dog sitter to arrive and left home 20 minutes, or 1/3 hour later. He drove 55mph to catch up to Felecia. How long before he reaches her?
35 min
Debra