# 7.3 Systems of nonlinear equations and inequalities: two variables  (Page 5/9)

 Page 5 / 9

## Verbal

Explain whether a system of two nonlinear equations can have exactly two solutions. What about exactly three? If not, explain why not. If so, give an example of such a system, in graph form, and explain why your choice gives two or three answers.

A nonlinear system could be representative of two circles that overlap and intersect in two locations, hence two solutions. A nonlinear system could be representative of a parabola and a circle, where the vertex of the parabola meets the circle and the branches also intersect the circle, hence three solutions.

When graphing an inequality, explain why we only need to test one point to determine whether an entire region is the solution?

When you graph a system of inequalities, will there always be a feasible region? If so, explain why. If not, give an example of a graph of inequalities that does not have a feasible region. Why does it not have a feasible region?

No. There does not need to be a feasible region. Consider a system that is bounded by two parallel lines. One inequality represents the region above the upper line; the other represents the region below the lower line. In this case, no points in the plane are located in both regions; hence there is no feasible region.

If you graph a revenue and cost function, explain how to determine in what regions there is profit.

If you perform your break-even analysis and there is more than one solution, explain how you would determine which x -values are profit and which are not.

Choose any number between each solution and plug into $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}R\left(x\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(x\right) then there is profit.

## Algebraic

For the following exercises, solve the system of nonlinear equations using substitution.

$\left(0,-3\right),\left(3,0\right)$

$\left(-\frac{3\sqrt{2}}{2},\frac{3\sqrt{2}}{2}\right),\left(\frac{3\sqrt{2}}{2},-\frac{3\sqrt{2}}{2}\right)$

For the following exercises, solve the system of nonlinear equations using elimination.

$\begin{array}{l}\hfill \\ 4{x}^{2}-9{y}^{2}=36\hfill \\ 4{x}^{2}+9{y}^{2}=36\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(-3,0\right),\left(3,0\right)$

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=25\\ {x}^{2}-{y}^{2}=1\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}\hfill \\ 2{x}^{2}+4{y}^{2}=4\hfill \\ 2{x}^{2}-4{y}^{2}=25x-10\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(\frac{1}{4},-\frac{\sqrt{62}}{8}\right),\left(\frac{1}{4},\frac{\sqrt{62}}{8}\right)$

$\begin{array}{l}{y}^{2}-{x}^{2}=9\\ 3{x}^{2}+2{y}^{2}=8\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+{y}^{2}+\frac{1}{16}=2500\\ y=2{x}^{2}\end{array}$

$\left(-\frac{\sqrt{398}}{4},\frac{199}{4}\right),\left(\frac{\sqrt{398}}{4},\frac{199}{4}\right)$

For the following exercises, use any method to solve the system of nonlinear equations.

$\left(0,2\right),\left(1,3\right)$

$\left(-\sqrt{\frac{1}{2}\left(\sqrt{5}-1\right)},\frac{1}{2}\left(1-\sqrt{5}\right)\right),\left(\sqrt{\frac{1}{2}\left(\sqrt{5}-1\right)},\frac{1}{2}\left(1-\sqrt{5}\right)\right)$

$\begin{array}{l}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}9{x}^{2}+25{y}^{2}=225\hfill \\ {\left(x-6\right)}^{2}+{y}^{2}=1\hfill \end{array}$

$\left(5,0\right)$

$\left(0,0\right)$

For the following exercises, use any method to solve the nonlinear system.

$\left(3,0\right)$

No Solutions Exist

$\begin{array}{l}\hfill \\ -{x}^{2}+y=2\hfill \\ -4x+y=-1\hfill \end{array}$

No Solutions Exist

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=25\\ {x}^{2}-{y}^{2}=36\end{array}$

$\left(-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2},-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right),\left(-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2},\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right),\left(\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2},-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right),\left(\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2},\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right)$

$\left(2,0\right)$

$\left(-\sqrt{7},-3\right),\left(-\sqrt{7},3\right),\left(\sqrt{7},-3\right),\left(\sqrt{7},3\right)$

$\left(-\sqrt{\frac{1}{2}\left(\sqrt{73}-5\right)},\frac{1}{2}\left(7-\sqrt{73}\right)\right),\left(\sqrt{\frac{1}{2}\left(\sqrt{73}-5\right)},\frac{1}{2}\left(7-\sqrt{73}\right)\right)$

## Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the inequality.

${x}^{2}+y<9$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}<4$

For the following exercises, graph the system of inequalities. Label all points of intersection.

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+y<1\\ y>2x\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+y<-5\\ y>5x+10\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+{y}^{2}<25\\ 3{x}^{2}-{y}^{2}>12\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}-{y}^{2}>-4\\ {x}^{2}+{y}^{2}<12\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+3{y}^{2}>16\\ 3{x}^{2}-{y}^{2}<1\end{array}$

## Extensions

For the following exercises, graph the inequality.

$\begin{array}{l}\hfill \\ y\ge {e}^{x}\hfill \\ y\le \mathrm{ln}\left(x\right)+5\hfill \end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}y\le -\mathrm{log}\left(x\right)\\ y\le {e}^{x}\end{array}$

For the following exercises, find the solutions to the nonlinear equations with two variables.

$\begin{array}{l}\frac{4}{{x}^{2}}+\frac{1}{{y}^{2}}=24\\ \frac{5}{{x}^{2}}-\frac{2}{{y}^{2}}+4=0\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{c}\frac{6}{{x}^{2}}-\frac{1}{{y}^{2}}=8\\ \frac{1}{{x}^{2}}-\frac{6}{{y}^{2}}=\frac{1}{8}\end{array}$

$\left(-2\sqrt{\frac{70}{383}},-2\sqrt{\frac{35}{29}}\right),\left(-2\sqrt{\frac{70}{383}},2\sqrt{\frac{35}{29}}\right),\left(2\sqrt{\frac{70}{383}},-2\sqrt{\frac{35}{29}}\right),\left(2\sqrt{\frac{70}{383}},2\sqrt{\frac{35}{29}}\right)$

No Solution Exists

## Technology

For the following exercises, solve the system of inequalities. Use a calculator to graph the system to confirm the answer.

$\begin{array}{l}xy<1\\ y>\sqrt{x}\end{array}$

$x=0,y>0\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $0

$\begin{array}{l}{x}^{2}+y<3\\ y>2x\end{array}$

## Real-world applications

For the following exercises, construct a system of nonlinear equations to describe the given behavior, then solve for the requested solutions.

Two numbers add up to 300. One number is twice the square of the other number. What are the numbers?

12, 288

The squares of two numbers add to 360. The second number is half the value of the first number squared. What are the numbers?

A laptop company has discovered their cost and revenue functions for each day: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(x\right)=3{x}^{2}-10x+200\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}R\left(x\right)=-2{x}^{2}+100x+50.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If they want to make a profit, what is the range of laptops per day that they should produce? Round to the nearest number which would generate profit.

2–20 computers

A cell phone company has the following cost and revenue functions: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(x\right)=8{x}^{2}-600x+21,500\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}R\left(x\right)=-3{x}^{2}+480x.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ What is the range of cell phones they should produce each day so there is profit? Round to the nearest number that generates profit.

#### Questions & Answers

show that the set of all natural number form semi group under the composition of addition
Nikhil Reply
explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
_3_2_1
felecia
⅗ ⅔½
felecia
_½+⅔-¾
felecia
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
Pawel
ok
Ifeanyi
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
Ifeanyi
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Pawel
x*x=2
felecia
2+2x=
felecia
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
hello, I am happy to help!
Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
Abdullahi
hi mam
Mark
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
yes i wantt to review
Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
what is math number
Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak

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Source:  OpenStax, College algebra. OpenStax CNX. Feb 06, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11759/1.3
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