# 5.3 Graphs of polynomial functions  (Page 8/13)

 Page 8 / 13

Access the following online resource for additional instruction and practice with graphing polynomial functions.

## Key concepts

• Polynomial functions of degree 2 or more are smooth, continuous functions. See [link] .
• To find the zeros of a polynomial function, if it can be factored, factor the function and set each factor equal to zero. See [link] , [link] , and [link] .
• Another way to find the $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercepts of a polynomial function is to graph the function and identify the points at which the graph crosses the $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ axis. See [link] .
• The multiplicity of a zero determines how the graph behaves at the $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercepts. See [link] .
• The graph of a polynomial will cross the horizontal axis at a zero with odd multiplicity.
• The graph of a polynomial will touch the horizontal axis at a zero with even multiplicity.
• The end behavior of a polynomial function depends on the leading term.
• The graph of a polynomial function changes direction at its turning points.
• A polynomial function of degree $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ has at most $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n-1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ turning points. See [link] .
• To graph polynomial functions, find the zeros and their multiplicities, determine the end behavior, and ensure that the final graph has at most $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n-1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ turning points. See [link] and [link] .
• Graphing a polynomial function helps to estimate local and global extremas. See [link] .
• The Intermediate Value Theorem tells us that if have opposite signs, then there exists at least one value $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}c\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ between $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for which $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(c\right)=0.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ See [link] .

## Verbal

What is the difference between an $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercept and a zero of a polynomial function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f?\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercept is where the graph of the function crosses the $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ axis, and the zero of the function is the input value for which $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=0.$

If a polynomial function of degree $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ has $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ distinct zeros, what do you know about the graph of the function?

Explain how the Intermediate Value Theorem can assist us in finding a zero of a function.

If we evaluate the function at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the sign of the function value changes, then we know a zero exists between $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b.$

Explain how the factored form of the polynomial helps us in graphing it.

If the graph of a polynomial just touches the x -axis and then changes direction, what can we conclude about the factored form of the polynomial?

There will be a factor raised to an even power.

## Algebraic

For the following exercises, find the $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ or t -intercepts of the polynomial functions.

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(t\right)=2\left(t-4\right)\left(t+1\right)\left(t-6\right)$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(t\right)=3\left(t+2\right)\left(t-3\right)\left(t+5\right)$

$\left(-2,0\right),\left(3,0\right),\left(-5,0\right)$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(t\right)=4t{\left(t-2\right)}^{2}\left(t+1\right)$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(t\right)=2t\left(t-3\right){\left(t+1\right)}^{2}$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,0\right),\left(-1,0\right),\left(0,0\right)$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(t\right)=2{t}^{4}-8{t}^{3}+6{t}^{2}$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(t\right)=4{t}^{4}+12{t}^{3}-40{t}^{2}$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)={x}^{4}-{x}^{2}$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}+{x}^{2}-20x$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}+6{x}^{2}-7x$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}+{x}^{2}-4x-4$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}+2{x}^{2}-9x-18$

$f\left(x\right)=2{x}^{3}-{x}^{2}-8x+4$

$\left(-2,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(\frac{1}{2},0\right)$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{6}-7{x}^{3}-8$

$f\left(x\right)=2{x}^{4}+6{x}^{2}-8$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-3{x}^{2}-x+3$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{6}-2{x}^{4}-3{x}^{2}$

$\left(0,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(\sqrt{3},0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\sqrt{3},0\right)$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{6}-3{x}^{4}-4{x}^{2}$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{5}-5{x}^{3}+4x$

For the following exercises, use the Intermediate Value Theorem to confirm that the given polynomial has at least one zero within the given interval.

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-9x,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ between $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-4\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-2.$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-9x,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ between $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=4.$

$f\left(2\right)=–10\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(4\right)=28.$ Sign change confirms.

By the definition, is such that 0!=1.why?
(1+cosA+IsinA)(1+cosB+isinB)/(cos@+isin@)(cos$+isin$)
hatdog
Mark
how we can draw three triangles of distinctly different shapes. All the angles will be cutt off each triangle and placed side by side with vertices touching
bsc F. y algebra and trigonometry pepper 2
given that x= 3/5 find sin 3x
4
DB
remove any signs and collect terms of -2(8a-3b-c)
-16a+6b+2c
Will
Joeval
(x2-2x+8)-4(x2-3x+5)
sorry
Miranda
x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
Miranda
x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
Miranda
(X2-2X+8)-4(X2-3X+5)=0 ?
master
The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
master
The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
master
Y
master
master
Soo sorry (5±Root11* i)/3
master
Mukhtar
2x²-6x+1=0
Ife
explain and give four example of hyperbolic function
What is the correct rational algebraic expression of the given "a fraction whose denominator is 10 more than the numerator y?
y/y+10
Mr
Find nth derivative of eax sin (bx + c).
Find area common to the parabola y2 = 4ax and x2 = 4ay.
Anurag
y2=4ax= y=4ax/2. y=2ax
akash
A rectangular garden is 25ft wide. if its area is 1125ft, what is the length of the garden
to find the length I divide the area by the wide wich means 1125ft/25ft=45
Miranda
thanks
Jhovie
What do you call a relation where each element in the domain is related to only one value in the range by some rules?
A banana.
Yaona
a function
Daniel
a function
emmanuel
given 4cot thither +3=0and 0°<thither <180° use a sketch to determine the value of the following a)cos thither
what are you up to?
nothing up todat yet
Miranda
hi
jai
hello
jai
Miranda Drice
jai
aap konsi country se ho
jai
which language is that
Miranda
I am living in india
jai
good
Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda