# 3.1 Functions and function notation  (Page 10/21)

 Page 10 / 21

Why does the horizontal line test tell us whether the graph of a function is one-to-one?

When a horizontal line intersects the graph of a function more than once, that indicates that for that output there is more than one input. A function is one-to-one if each output corresponds to only one input.

## Algebraic

For the following exercises, determine whether the relation represents a function.

$\left\{\left(a,b\right),\left(b,c\right),\left(c,c\right)\right\}$

function

For the following exercises, determine whether the relation represents $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ as a function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

$5x+2y=10$

$y={x}^{2}$

function

$x={y}^{2}$

$3{x}^{2}+y=14$

function

$2x+{y}^{2}=6$

$y=-2{x}^{2}+40x$

function

$y=\frac{1}{x}$

$x=\frac{3y+5}{7y-1}$

function

$x=\sqrt{1-{y}^{2}}$

$y=\frac{3x+5}{7x-1}$

function

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=9$

$2xy=1$

function

$x={y}^{3}$

$y={x}^{3}$

function

$y=\sqrt{1-{x}^{2}}$

$x=±\sqrt{1-y}$

function

$y=±\sqrt{1-x}$

${y}^{2}={x}^{2}$

not a function

${y}^{3}={x}^{2}$

For the following exercises, evaluate the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at the indicated values

$f\left(x\right)=2x-5$

$\begin{array}{cccc}f\left(-3\right)=-11;& f\left(2\right)=-1;& f\left(-a\right)=-2a-5;& -f\left(a\right)=-2a+5;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(a+h\right)=2a+2h-5\end{array}$

$f\left(x\right)=-5{x}^{2}+2x-1$

$f\left(x\right)=\sqrt{2-x}+5$

$\begin{array}{cccc}f\left(-3\right)=\sqrt{5}+5;& f\left(2\right)=5;& f\left(-a\right)=\sqrt{2+a}+5;& -f\left(a\right)=-\sqrt{2-a}-5;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(a+h\right)=\end{array}$ $\sqrt{2-a-h}+5$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{6x-1}{5x+2}$

$f\left(x\right)=|x-1|-|x+1|$

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(x\right)=5-{x}^{2},\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ simplify $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{g\left(x+h\right)-g\left(x\right)}{h},\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h\ne 0.$

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(x\right)={x}^{2}+2x,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ simplify $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{g\left(x\right)-g\left(a\right)}{x-a},\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\ne a.$

$\frac{g\left(x\right)-g\left(a\right)}{x-a}=x+a+2,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\ne a$

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k\left(t\right)=2t-1\text{:}$

1. Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k\left(2\right).$
2. Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k\left(t\right)=7.$

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=8-3x\text{:}$

1. Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-2\right).$
2. Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=-1.$

a. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-2\right)=14;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ b. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=3$

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\left(c\right)={c}^{2}+c\text{:}$

1. Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\left(-3\right).$
2. Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\left(c\right)=2.$

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)={x}^{2}-3x\text{:}$

1. Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(5\right).$
2. Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=4.$

a. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(5\right)=10;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ b. or

Given the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=\sqrt{x+2}\text{:}$

1. Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(7\right).$
2. Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=4.$

Consider the relationship $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}3r+2t=18.$

1. Write the relationship as a function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}r=f\left(t\right).$
2. Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-3\right).$
3. Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(t\right)=2.$

a. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(t\right)=6-\frac{2}{3}t;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ b. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-3\right)=8;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ c. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=6\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

## Graphical

For the following exercises, use the vertical line test to determine which graphs show relations that are functions.

not a function

function

function

function

function

function

Given the following graph,

• Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-1\right).$
• Solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=3.$

Given the following graph,

• Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(0\right).$
• Solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=-3.$

a. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(0\right)=1;\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ b. or

Given the following graph,

• Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(4\right).$
• Solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=1.$

For the following exercises, determine if the given graph is a one-to-one function.

not a function so it is also not a one-to-one function

one-to- one function

function, but not one-to-one

## Numeric

For the following exercises, determine whether the relation represents a function.

$\left\{\left(-1,-1\right),\left(-2,-2\right),\left(-3,-3\right)\right\}$

$\left\{\left(3,4\right),\left(4,5\right),\left(5,6\right)\right\}$

function

$\left\{\left(2,5\right),\left(7,11\right),\left(15,8\right),\left(7,9\right)\right\}$

For the following exercises, determine if the relation represented in table form represents $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ as a function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.$

 $x$ 5 10 15 $y$ 3 8 14

function

 $x$ 5 10 15 $y$ 3 8 8
 $x$ 5 10 10 $y$ 3 8 14

not a function

For the following exercises, use the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ represented in [link] .

 $x$ $f\left(x\right)$ 0 74 1 28 2 1 3 53 4 56 5 3 6 36 7 45 8 14 9 47

Evaluate $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(3\right).$

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=1.$

$f\left(x\right)=1,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2$

For the following exercises, evaluate the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at the values $f\left(-2\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-1\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(1\right),$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(2\right).$

$f\left(x\right)=4-2x$

$f\left(x\right)=8-3x$

$\begin{array}{ccccc}f\left(-2\right)=14;& f\left(-1\right)=11;& f\left(0\right)=8;& f\left(1\right)=5;& f\left(2\right)=2\end{array}$

$f\left(x\right)=8{x}^{2}-7x+3$

$f\left(x\right)=3+\sqrt{x+3}$

$\begin{array}{ccccc}f\left(-2\right)=4;\text{ }& f\left(-1\right)=4.414;& f\left(0\right)=4.732;& f\left(1\right)=4.5;& f\left(2\right)=5.236\end{array}$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{x-2}{x+3}$

$f\left(x\right)={3}^{x}$

$\begin{array}{ccccc}f\left(-2\right)=\frac{1}{9};& f\left(-1\right)=\frac{1}{3};& f\left(0\right)=1;& f\left(1\right)=3;& f\left(2\right)=9\end{array}$

For the following exercises, evaluate the expressions, given functions $f,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g,$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h\text{:}$

• $f\left(x\right)=3x-2$
• $g\left(x\right)=5-{x}^{2}$
• $h\left(x\right)=-2{x}^{2}+3x-1$

$3f\left(1\right)-4g\left(-2\right)$

$f\left(\frac{7}{3}\right)-h\left(-2\right)$

20

## Technology

For the following exercises, graph $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y={x}^{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ on the given viewing window. Determine the corresponding range for each viewing window. Show each graph.

$\left[-100,100\right]$

For the following exercises, graph $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y={x}^{3}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ on the given viewing window. Determine the corresponding range for each viewing window. Show each graph.

For the following exercises, graph $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=\sqrt{x}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ on the given viewing window. Determine the corresponding range for each viewing window. Show each graph.

For the following exercises, graph $y=\sqrt[3]{x}$ on the given viewing window. Determine the corresponding range for each viewing window. Show each graph.

$\left[-0.001,\text{0.001}\right]$

$\left[-0.1,\text{0.1}\right]$

$\left[-1000,\text{1000}\right]$

$\left[-1,000,000,\text{1,000,000}\right]$

## Real-world applications

The amount of garbage, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}G,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ produced by a city with population $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is given by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}G=f\left(p\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $G\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is measured in tons per week, and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is measured in thousands of people.

1. The town of Tola has a population of 40,000 and produces 13 tons of garbage each week. Express this information in terms of the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$
2. Explain the meaning of the statement $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(5\right)=2.$

The number of cubic yards of dirt, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}D,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ needed to cover a garden with area $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ square feet is given by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}D=g\left(a\right).$

1. A garden with area 5000 ft 2 requires 50 yd 3 of dirt. Express this information in terms of the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g.$
2. Explain the meaning of the statement $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(100\right)=1.$

a. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(5000\right)=50;$ b. The number of cubic yards of dirt required for a garden of 100 square feet is 1.

Let $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(t\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ be the number of ducks in a lake $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ years after 1990. Explain the meaning of each statement:

1. $f\left(5\right)=30$
2. $f\left(10\right)=40$

Let $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h\left(t\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ be the height above ground, in feet, of a rocket $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ seconds after launching. Explain the meaning of each statement:

1. $h\left(1\right)=200$
2. $h\left(2\right)=350$

a. The height of a rocket above ground after 1 second is 200 ft. b. the height of a rocket above ground after 2 seconds is 350 ft.

Show that the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=3{\left(x-5\right)}^{2}+7\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is not one-to-one.

answer and questions in exercise 11.2 sums
how do u calculate inequality of irrational number?
Alaba
give me an example
Chris
and I will walk you through it
Chris
cos (-z)= cos z .
what is a algebra
(x+x)3=?
what is the identity of 1-cos²5x equal to?
__john __05
Kishu
Hi
Abdel
hi
Ye
hi
Nokwanda
C'est comment
Abdel
Hi
Amanda
hello
SORIE
Hiiii
Chinni
hello
Ranjay
hi
ANSHU
hiiii
Chinni
h r u friends
Chinni
yes
Hassan
so is their any Genius in mathematics here let chat guys and get to know each other's
SORIE
I speak French
Abdel
okay no problem since we gather here and get to know each other
SORIE
hi im stupid at math and just wanna join here
Yaona
lol nahhh none of us here are stupid it's just that we have Fast, Medium, and slow learner bro but we all going to work things out together
SORIE
it's 12
what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
what is a reciprocal
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
I don't understand how radicals works pls
How look for the general solution of a trig function
stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Wrong question
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI