# 10.3 The parabola  (Page 7/11)

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${\left(y+4\right)}^{2}=16\left(x+4\right)$

${y}^{2}+12x-6y+21=0$

${\left(y-3\right)}^{2}=-12\left(x+1\right),V:\left(-1,3\right);F:\left(-4,3\right);d:x=2$

${x}^{2}-4x-24y+28=0$

$5{x}^{2}-50x-4y+113=0$

${\left(x-5\right)}^{2}=\frac{4}{5}\left(y+3\right),V:\left(5,-3\right);F:\left(5,-\frac{14}{5}\right);d:y=-\frac{16}{5}$

${y}^{2}-24x+4y-68=0$

${x}^{2}-4x+2y-6=0$

${\left(x-2\right)}^{2}=-2\left(y-5\right),V:\left(2,5\right);F:\left(2,\frac{9}{2}\right);d:y=\frac{11}{2}$

${y}^{2}-6y+12x-3=0$

$3{y}^{2}-4x-6y+23=0$

${\left(y-1\right)}^{2}=\frac{4}{3}\left(x-5\right),V:\left(5,1\right);F:\left(\frac{16}{3},1\right);d:x=\frac{14}{3}$

${x}^{2}+4x+8y-4=0$

## Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the parabola, labeling the focus and the directrix.

$x=\frac{1}{8}{y}^{2}$

$y=36{x}^{2}$

$y=\frac{1}{36}{x}^{2}$

$y=-9{x}^{2}$

${\left(y-2\right)}^{2}=-\frac{4}{3}\left(x+2\right)$

$-5{\left(x+5\right)}^{2}=4\left(y+5\right)$

$-6{\left(y+5\right)}^{2}=4\left(x-4\right)$

${y}^{2}-6y-8x+1=0$

${x}^{2}+8x+4y+20=0$

$3{x}^{2}+30x-4y+95=0$

${y}^{2}-8x+10y+9=0$

${x}^{2}+4x+2y+2=0$

${y}^{2}+2y-12x+61=0$

$-2{x}^{2}+8x-4y-24=0$

For the following exercises, find the equation of the parabola given information about its graph.

Vertex is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,0\right);$ directrix is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=4,$ focus is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,-4\right).$

${x}^{2}=-16y$

Vertex is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,0\right);\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ directrix is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=4,$ focus is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-4,0\right).$

Vertex is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,2\right);\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ directrix is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2-\sqrt{2},$ focus is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2+\sqrt{2},2\right).$

${\left(y-2\right)}^{2}=4\sqrt{2}\left(x-2\right)$

Vertex is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,3\right);\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ directrix is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-\frac{7}{2},$ focus is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\frac{1}{2},3\right).$

Vertex is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(\sqrt{2},-\sqrt{3}\right);$ directrix is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2\sqrt{2},$ focus is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,-\sqrt{3}\right).$

${\left(y+\sqrt{3}\right)}^{2}=-4\sqrt{2}\left(x-\sqrt{2}\right)$

Vertex is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(1,2\right);\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ directrix is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=\frac{11}{3},$ focus is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(1,\frac{1}{3}\right).$

For the following exercises, determine the equation for the parabola from its graph.

${x}^{2}=y$

${\left(y-2\right)}^{2}=\frac{1}{4}\left(x+2\right)$

${\left(y-\sqrt{3}\right)}^{2}=4\sqrt{5}\left(x+\sqrt{2}\right)$

## Extensions

For the following exercises, the vertex and endpoints of the latus rectum of a parabola are given. Find the equation.

${y}^{2}=-8x$

${\left(y+1\right)}^{2}=12\left(x+3\right)$

## Real-world applications

The mirror in an automobile headlight has a parabolic cross-section with the light bulb at the focus. On a schematic, the equation of the parabola is given as $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{x}^{2}=4y.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ At what coordinates should you place the light bulb?

$\left(0,1\right)$

If we want to construct the mirror from the previous exercise such that the focus is located at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,0.25\right),$ what should the equation of the parabola be?

A satellite dish is shaped like a paraboloid of revolution. This means that it can be formed by rotating a parabola around its axis of symmetry. The receiver is to be located at the focus. If the dish is 12 feet across at its opening and 4 feet deep at its center, where should the receiver be placed?

At the point 2.25 feet above the vertex.

Consider the satellite dish from the previous exercise. If the dish is 8 feet across at the opening and 2 feet deep, where should we place the receiver?

A searchlight is shaped like a paraboloid of revolution. A light source is located 1 foot from the base along the axis of symmetry. If the opening of the searchlight is 3 feet across, find the depth.

0.5625 feet

If the searchlight from the previous exercise has the light source located 6 inches from the base along the axis of symmetry and the opening is 4 feet, find the depth.

An arch is in the shape of a parabola. It has a span of 100 feet and a maximum height of 20 feet. Find the equation of the parabola, and determine the height of the arch 40 feet from the center.

${x}^{2}=-125\left(y-20\right),$ height is 7.2 feet

If the arch from the previous exercise has a span of 160 feet and a maximum height of 40 feet, find the equation of the parabola, and determine the distance from the center at which the height is 20 feet.

An object is projected so as to follow a parabolic path given by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=-{x}^{2}+96x,$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the horizontal distance traveled in feet and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the height. Determine the maximum height the object reaches.

2304 feet

For the object from the previous exercise, assume the path followed is given by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=-0.5{x}^{2}+80x.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Determine how far along the horizontal the object traveled to reach maximum height.

find the equation of the line if m=3, and b=-2
graph the following linear equation using intercepts method. 2x+y=4
Ashley
how
Wargod
what?
John
ok, one moment
UriEl
how do I post your graph for you?
UriEl
it won't let me send an image?
UriEl
also for the first one... y=mx+b so.... y=3x-2
UriEl
y=mx+b you were already given the 'm' and 'b'. so.. y=3x-2
Tommy
"7"has an open circle and "10"has a filled in circle who can I have a set builder notation
x=-b+_Гb2-(4ac) ______________ 2a
I've run into this: x = r*cos(angle1 + angle2) Which expands to: x = r(cos(angle1)*cos(angle2) - sin(angle1)*sin(angle2)) The r value confuses me here, because distributing it makes: (r*cos(angle2))(cos(angle1) - (r*sin(angle2))(sin(angle1)) How does this make sense? Why does the r distribute once
so good
abdikarin
this is an identity when 2 adding two angles within a cosine. it's called the cosine sum formula. there is also a different formula when cosine has an angle minus another angle it's called the sum and difference formulas and they are under any list of trig identities
strategies to form the general term
carlmark
How can you tell what type of parent function a graph is ?
generally by how the graph looks and understanding what the base parent functions look like and perform on a graph
William
if you have a graphed line, you can have an idea by how the directions of the line turns, i.e. negative, positive, zero
William
y=x will obviously be a straight line with a zero slope
William
y=x^2 will have a parabolic line opening to positive infinity on both sides of the y axis vice versa with y=-x^2 you'll have both ends of the parabolic line pointing downward heading to negative infinity on both sides of the y axis
William
y=x will be a straight line, but it will have a slope of one. Remember, if y=1 then x=1, so for every unit you rise you move over positively one unit. To get a straight line with a slope of 0, set y=1 or any integer.
Aaron
yes, correction on my end, I meant slope of 1 instead of slope of 0
William
what is f(x)=
I don't understand
Joe
Typically a function 'f' will take 'x' as input, and produce 'y' as output. As 'f(x)=y'. According to Google, "The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (y, usually), after we have substituted the domain."
Thomas
Sorry, I don't know where the "Â"s came from. They shouldn't be there. Just ignore them. :-)
Thomas
Darius
Thanks.
Thomas
Â
Thomas
It is the Â that should not be there. It doesn't seem to show if encloses in quotation marks. "Â" or 'Â' ... Â
Thomas
Now it shows, go figure?
Thomas
what is this?
i do not understand anything
unknown
lol...it gets better
Darius
I've been struggling so much through all of this. my final is in four weeks 😭
Tiffany
this book is an excellent resource! have you guys ever looked at the online tutoring? there's one that is called "That Tutor Guy" and he goes over a lot of the concepts
Darius
thank you I have heard of him. I should check him out.
Tiffany
is there any question in particular?
Joe
I have always struggled with math. I get lost really easy, if you have any advice for that, it would help tremendously.
Tiffany
Sure, are you in high school or college?
Darius
Hi, apologies for the delayed response. I'm in college.
Tiffany
how to solve polynomial using a calculator
So a horizontal compression by factor of 1/2 is the same as a horizontal stretch by a factor of 2, right?
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1), and the lenght of the major axis is 26
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1) and the lenght of the major axis is 26 what will be the answer?
Rima
I done know
Joe
What kind of answer is that😑?
Rima
I had just woken up when i got this message
Joe
Rima
i have a question.
Abdul
how do you find the real and complex roots of a polynomial?
Abdul
@abdul with delta maybe which is b(square)-4ac=result then the 1st root -b-radical delta over 2a and the 2nd root -b+radical delta over 2a. I am not sure if this was your question but check it up
Nare
This is the actual question: Find all roots(real and complex) of the polynomial f(x)=6x^3 + x^2 - 4x + 1
Abdul
@Nare please let me know if you can solve it.
Abdul
I have a question
juweeriya
hello guys I'm new here? will you happy with me
mustapha
The average annual population increase of a pack of wolves is 25.
how do you find the period of a sine graph
Period =2π if there is a coefficient (b), just divide the coefficient by 2π to get the new period
Am
if not then how would I find it from a graph
Imani
by looking at the graph, find the distance between two consecutive maximum points (the highest points of the wave). so if the top of one wave is at point A (1,2) and the next top of the wave is at point B (6,2), then the period is 5, the difference of the x-coordinates.
Am
you could also do it with two consecutive minimum points or x-intercepts
Am
I will try that thank u
Imani
Case of Equilateral Hyperbola
ok
Zander
ok
Shella
f(x)=4x+2, find f(3)
Benetta
f(3)=4(3)+2 f(3)=14
lamoussa
14
Vedant
pre calc teacher: "Plug in Plug in...smell's good" f(x)=14
Devante
8x=40
Chris
Explain why log a x is not defined for a < 0
the sum of any two linear polynomial is what