# 2.5 Quadratic equations  (Page 7/14)

 Page 7 / 14

For the following exercises, determine the discriminant, and then state how many solutions there are and the nature of the solutions. Do not solve.

$2{x}^{2}-6x+7=0$

${x}^{2}+4x+7=0$

Not real

$3{x}^{2}+5x-8=0$

$9{x}^{2}-30x+25=0$

One rational

$2{x}^{2}-3x-7=0$

$6{x}^{2}-x-2=0$

Two real; rational

For the following exercises, solve the quadratic equation by using the quadratic formula. If the solutions are not real, state No Real Solution .

$2{x}^{2}+5x+3=0$

${x}^{2}+x=4$

$x=\frac{-1±\sqrt{17}}{2}$

$2{x}^{2}-8x-5=0$

$3{x}^{2}-5x+1=0$

$x=\frac{5±\sqrt{13}}{6}$

${x}^{2}+4x+2=0$

$4+\frac{1}{x}-\frac{1}{{x}^{2}}=0$

$x=\frac{-1±\sqrt{17}}{8}$

## Technology

For the following exercises, enter the expressions into your graphing utility and find the zeroes to the equation (the x -intercepts) by using 2 nd CALC 2:zero. Recall finding zeroes will ask left bound (move your cursor to the left of the zero,enter), then right bound (move your cursor to the right of the zero,enter), then guess (move your cursor between the bounds near the zero, enter). Round your answers to the nearest thousandth.

${\text{Y}}_{1}=4{x}^{2}+3x-2$

${\text{Y}}_{1}=-3{x}^{2}+8x-1$

$x\approx 0.131\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\approx 2.535$

${\text{Y}}_{1}=0.5{x}^{2}+x-7$

To solve the quadratic equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{x}^{2}+5x-7=4,$ we can graph these two equations

$\begin{array}{l}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{l}{\text{Y}}_{1}={x}^{2}+5x-7\hfill \\ {\text{Y}}_{2}=4\hfill \end{array}\hfill \end{array}$

and find the points of intersection. Recall 2 nd CALC 5:intersection. Do this and find the solutions to the nearest tenth.

$x\approx -6.7\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\approx 1.7$

To solve the quadratic equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}0.3{x}^{2}+2x-4=2,$ we can graph these two equations

$\begin{array}{l}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{l}{\text{Y}}_{1}=0.3{x}^{2}+2x-4\hfill \\ {\text{Y}}_{2}=2\hfill \end{array}\hfill \end{array}$

and find the points of intersection. Recall 2 nd CALC 5:intersection. Do this and find the solutions to the nearest tenth.

## Extensions

Beginning with the general form of a quadratic equation, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a{x}^{2}+bx+c=0,$ solve for x by using the completing the square method, thus deriving the quadratic formula.

$\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill a{x}^{2}+bx+c& =& 0\hfill \\ \hfill {x}^{2}+\frac{b}{a}x& =& \frac{-c}{a}\hfill \\ \hfill {x}^{2}+\frac{b}{a}x+\frac{{b}^{2}}{4{a}^{2}}& =& \frac{-c}{a}+\frac{b}{4{a}^{2}}\hfill \\ \hfill {\left(x+\frac{b}{2a}\right)}^{2}& =& \frac{{b}^{2}-4ac}{4{a}^{2}}\hfill \\ \hfill x+\frac{b}{2a}& =& ±\sqrt{\frac{{b}^{2}-4ac}{4{a}^{2}}}\hfill \\ \hfill x& =& \frac{-b±\sqrt{{b}^{2}-4ac}}{2a}\hfill \end{array}$

Show that the sum of the two solutions to the quadratic equation is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{-b}{a}.$

A person has a garden that has a length 10 feet longer than the width. Set up a quadratic equation to find the dimensions of the garden if its area is 119 ft. 2 . Solve the quadratic equation to find the length and width.

$x\left(x+10\right)=119;$ 7 ft. and 17 ft.

Abercrombie and Fitch stock had a price given as $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P=0.2{t}^{2}-5.6t+50.2,$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the time in months from 1999 to 2001. ( $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is January 1999). Find the two months in which the price of the stock was $30. Suppose that an equation is given $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p=-2{x}^{2}+280x-1000,$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ represents the number of items sold at an auction and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the profit made by the business that ran the auction. How many items sold would make this profit a maximum? Solve this by graphing the expression in your graphing utility and finding the maximum using 2 nd CALC maximum. To obtain a good window for the curve, set $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ [0,200] and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ [0,10000]. maximum at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=70$ ## Real-world applications A formula for the normal systolic blood pressure for a man age $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A,$ measured in mmHg, is given as $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P=0.006{A}^{2}-0.02A+120.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Find the age to the nearest year of a man whose normal blood pressure measures 125 mmHg. The cost function for a certain company is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C=60x+300\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the revenue is given by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}R=100x-0.5{x}^{2}.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Recall that profit is revenue minus cost. Set up a quadratic equation and find two values of x (production level) that will create a profit of$300.

The quadratic equation would be $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(100x-0.5{x}^{2}\right)-\left(60x+300\right)=300.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ The two values of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ are 20 and 60.

A falling object travels a distance given by the formula $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}d=5t+16{t}^{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ ft, where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is measured in seconds. How long will it take for the object to traveled 74 ft?

A vacant lot is being converted into a community garden. The garden and the walkway around its perimeter have an area of 378 ft 2 . Find the width of the walkway if the garden is 12 ft. wide by 15 ft. long.

3 feet

An epidemiological study of the spread of a certain influenza strain that hit a small school population found that the total number of students, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P,$ who contracted the flu $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ days after it broke out is given by the model $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P=-{t}^{2}+13t+130,$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}1\le t\le 6.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Find the day that 160 students had the flu. Recall that the restriction on $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is at most 6.

Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
what is the coefficient of -4×
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of \$9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
I'm 13 and I understand it great
AJ
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Atone
hi
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
Vedant
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
Augustine
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
AJ
how
Sheref
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
hi
Ayuba
Hello
opoku
hi
Ali
greetings from Iran
Ali
salut. from Algeria
Bach
hi
Nharnhar
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
a perfect square v²+2v+_