# 4.8 Fitting exponential models to data  (Page 4/12)

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## Using logarithmic regression to fit a model to data

Due to advances in medicine and higher standards of living, life expectancy has been increasing in most developed countries since the beginning of the 20th century.

[link] shows the average life expectancies, in years, of Americans from 1900–2010 Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013 .

 Year 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 Life Expectancy(Years) 47.3 50 54.1 59.7 62.9 68.2 Year 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Life Expectancy(Years) 69.7 70.8 73.7 75.4 76.8 78.7
1. Let $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ represent time in decades starting with $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for the year 1900, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for the year 1910, and so on. Let $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ represent the corresponding life expectancy. Use logarithmic regression to fit a model to these data.
2. Use the model to predict the average American life expectancy for the year 2030.
1. Using the STAT then EDIT menu on a graphing utility, list the years using values 1–12 in L1 and the corresponding life expectancy in L2. Then use the STATPLOT feature to verify that the scatterplot follows a logarithmic pattern as shown in [link] :

Use the “LnReg” command from the STAT then CALC menu to obtain the logarithmic model,

$y=42.52722583+13.85752327\mathrm{ln}\left(x\right)$

Next, graph the model in the same window as the scatterplot to verify it is a good fit as shown in [link] :

2. To predict the life expectancy of an American in the year 2030, substitute $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=14\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for the in the model and solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y:$

If life expectancy continues to increase at this pace, the average life expectancy of an American will be 79.1 by the year 2030.

Sales of a video game released in the year 2000 took off at first, but then steadily slowed as time moved on. [link] shows the number of games sold, in thousands, from the years 2000–2010.

 Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Number Sold (thousands) 142 149 154 155 159 161 Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 - Number Sold (thousands) 163 164 164 166 167 -
1. Let $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ represent time in years starting with $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for the year 2000. Let $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ represent the number of games sold in thousands. Use logarithmic regression to fit a model to these data.
2. If games continue to sell at this rate, how many games will sell in 2015? Round to the nearest thousand.
1. The logarithmic regression model that fits these data is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=141.91242949+10.45366573\mathrm{ln}\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$
2. If sales continue at this rate, about 171,000 games will be sold in the year 2015.

## Building a logistic model from data

Like exponential and logarithmic growth, logistic growth increases over time. One of the most notable differences with logistic growth models is that, at a certain point, growth steadily slows and the function approaches an upper bound, or limiting value . Because of this, logistic regression is best for modeling phenomena where there are limits in expansion, such as availability of living space or nutrients.

It is worth pointing out that logistic functions actually model resource-limited exponential growth. There are many examples of this type of growth in real-world situations, including population growth and spread of disease, rumors, and even stains in fabric. When performing logistic regression analysis , we use the form most commonly used on graphing utilities:

what is f(x)=
I don't understand
Joe
Typically a function 'f' will take 'x' as input, and produce 'y' as output. As 'f(x)=y'. According to Google, "The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (y, usually), after we have substituted the domain."
Thomas
Sorry, I don't know where the "Â"s came from. They shouldn't be there. Just ignore them. :-)
Thomas
Darius
Thanks.
Thomas
Â
Thomas
It is the Â that should not be there. It doesn't seem to show if encloses in quotation marks. "Â" or 'Â' ... Â
Thomas
Now it shows, go figure?
Thomas
what is this?
i do not understand anything
unknown
lol...it gets better
Darius
I've been struggling so much through all of this. my final is in four weeks 😭
Tiffany
this book is an excellent resource! have you guys ever looked at the online tutoring? there's one that is called "That Tutor Guy" and he goes over a lot of the concepts
Darius
thank you I have heard of him. I should check him out.
Tiffany
is there any question in particular?
Joe
I have always struggled with math. I get lost really easy, if you have any advice for that, it would help tremendously.
Tiffany
Sure, are you in high school or college?
Darius
Hi, apologies for the delayed response. I'm in college.
Tiffany
how to solve polynomial using a calculator
So a horizontal compression by factor of 1/2 is the same as a horizontal stretch by a factor of 2, right?
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1), and the lenght of the major axis is 26
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1) and the lenght of the major axis is 26 what will be the answer?
Rima
I done know
Joe
What kind of answer is that😑?
Rima
I had just woken up when i got this message
Joe
Rima
i have a question.
Abdul
how do you find the real and complex roots of a polynomial?
Abdul
@abdul with delta maybe which is b(square)-4ac=result then the 1st root -b-radical delta over 2a and the 2nd root -b+radical delta over 2a. I am not sure if this was your question but check it up
Nare
This is the actual question: Find all roots(real and complex) of the polynomial f(x)=6x^3 + x^2 - 4x + 1
Abdul
@Nare please let me know if you can solve it.
Abdul
I have a question
juweeriya
hello guys I'm new here? will you happy with me
mustapha
The average annual population increase of a pack of wolves is 25.
how do you find the period of a sine graph
Period =2π if there is a coefficient (b), just divide the coefficient by 2π to get the new period
Am
if not then how would I find it from a graph
Imani
by looking at the graph, find the distance between two consecutive maximum points (the highest points of the wave). so if the top of one wave is at point A (1,2) and the next top of the wave is at point B (6,2), then the period is 5, the difference of the x-coordinates.
Am
you could also do it with two consecutive minimum points or x-intercepts
Am
I will try that thank u
Imani
Case of Equilateral Hyperbola
ok
Zander
ok
Shella
f(x)=4x+2, find f(3)
Benetta
f(3)=4(3)+2 f(3)=14
lamoussa
14
Vedant
pre calc teacher: "Plug in Plug in...smell's good" f(x)=14
Devante
8x=40
Chris
Explain why log a x is not defined for a < 0
the sum of any two linear polynomial is what
Momo
how can are find the domain and range of a relations
the range is twice of the natural number which is the domain
Morolake
A cell phone company offers two plans for minutes. Plan A: $15 per month and$2 for every 300 texts. Plan B: $25 per month and$0.50 for every 100 texts. How many texts would you need to send per month for plan B to save you money?
6000
Robert
more than 6000
Robert
For Plan A to reach $27/month to surpass Plan B's$26.50 monthly payment, you'll need 3,000 texts which will cost an additional \$10.00. So, for the amount of texts you need to send would need to range between 1-100 texts for the 100th increment, times that by 3 for the additional amount of texts...
Gilbert
...for one text payment for 300 for Plan A. So, that means Plan A; in my opinion is for people with text messaging abilities that their fingers burn the monitor for the cell phone. While Plan B would be for loners that doesn't need their fingers to due the talking; but those texts mean more then...
Gilbert
can I see the picture
How would you find if a radical function is one to one?