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The product rule for simplifying square roots

If a and b are nonnegative, the square root of the product a b is equal to the product of the square roots of a and b .

a b = a b

Given a square root radical expression, use the product rule to simplify it.

  1. Factor any perfect squares from the radicand.
  2. Write the radical expression as a product of radical expressions.
  3. Simplify.

Using the product rule to simplify square roots

Simplify the radical expression.

  1. 300
  2. 162 a 5 b 4

  1. 100 3 Factor perfect square from radicand . 100 3 Write radical expression as product of radical expressions . 10 3 Simplify .

  2. 81 a 4 b 4 2 a Factor perfect square from radicand . 81 a 4 b 4 2 a Write radical expression as product of radical expressions . 9 a 2 b 2 2 a Simplify .
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Simplify 50 x 2 y 3 z .

5 | x | | y | 2 y z . Notice the absolute value signs around x and y ? That’s because their value must be positive!

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Given the product of multiple radical expressions, use the product rule to combine them into one radical expression.

  1. Express the product of multiple radical expressions as a single radical expression.
  2. Simplify.

Using the product rule to simplify the product of multiple square roots

Simplify the radical expression.
12 3

12 3 Express the product as a single radical expression . 36 Simplify . 6

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Simplify 50 x 2 x assuming x > 0.

10 | x |

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Using the quotient rule to simplify square roots

Just as we can rewrite the square root of a product as a product of square roots, so too can we rewrite the square root of a quotient as a quotient of square roots, using the quotient rule for simplifying square roots. It can be helpful to separate the numerator and denominator of a fraction under a radical so that we can take their square roots separately. We can rewrite 5 2 as 5 2 .

The quotient rule for simplifying square roots

The square root of the quotient a b is equal to the quotient of the square roots of a and b , where b 0.

a b = a b

Given a radical expression, use the quotient rule to simplify it.

  1. Write the radical expression as the quotient of two radical expressions.
  2. Simplify the numerator and denominator.

Using the quotient rule to simplify square roots

Simplify the radical expression.

5 36

5 36 Write as quotient of two radical expressions . 5 6 Simplify denominator .

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Simplify 2 x 2 9 y 4 .

x 2 3 y 2 . We do not need the absolute value signs for y 2 because that term will always be nonnegative.

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Using the quotient rule to simplify an expression with two square roots

Simplify the radical expression.

234 x 11 y 26 x 7 y

234 x 11 y 26 x 7 y Combine numerator and denominator into one radical expression . 9 x 4 Simplify fraction . 3 x 2    Simplify square root .

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Simplify 9 a 5 b 14 3 a 4 b 5 .

b 4 3 a b

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Adding and subtracting square roots

We can add or subtract radical expressions only when they have the same radicand and when they have the same radical type such as square roots. For example, the sum of 2 and 3 2 is 4 2 . However, it is often possible to simplify radical expressions, and that may change the radicand. The radical expression 18 can be written with a 2 in the radicand, as 3 2 , so 2 + 18 = 2 + 3 2 = 4 2 .

Given a radical expression requiring addition or subtraction of square roots, solve.

  1. Simplify each radical expression.
  2. Add or subtract expressions with equal radicands.

Questions & Answers

(1+cosA+IsinA)(1+cosB+isinB)/(cos@+isin@)(cos$+isin$)
Ajay Reply
hatdog
Mark
how we can draw three triangles of distinctly different shapes. All the angles will be cutt off each triangle and placed side by side with vertices touching
Shahid Reply
bsc F. y algebra and trigonometry pepper 2
Aditi Reply
given that x= 3/5 find sin 3x
Adamu Reply
4
DB
remove any signs and collect terms of -2(8a-3b-c)
Joeval Reply
-16a+6b+2c
Will
is that a real answer
Joeval
(x2-2x+8)-4(x2-3x+5)
Ayush Reply
sorry
Miranda
x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
Miranda
x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
Miranda
(X2-2X+8)-4(X2-3X+5)=0 ?
master
The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
master
The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
master
Y
master
X2-2X+8-4X2+12X-20=0 (X2-4X2)+(-2X+12X)+(-20+8)= 0 -3X2+10X-12=0 3X2-10X+12=0 Use quadratic formula To find the answer answer (5±Root11i)/3
master
Soo sorry (5±Root11* i)/3
master
x2-2x+8-4x2+12x-20 x2-4x2-2x+12x+8-20 -3x2+10x-12 now you can find the answer using quadratic
Mukhtar
2x²-6x+1=0
Ife
explain and give four example of hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
What is the correct rational algebraic expression of the given "a fraction whose denominator is 10 more than the numerator y?
Racelle Reply
y/y+10
Mr
Find nth derivative of eax sin (bx + c).
Anurag Reply
Find area common to the parabola y2 = 4ax and x2 = 4ay.
Anurag
y2=4ax= y=4ax/2. y=2ax
akash
A rectangular garden is 25ft wide. if its area is 1125ft, what is the length of the garden
Jhovie Reply
to find the length I divide the area by the wide wich means 1125ft/25ft=45
Miranda
thanks
Jhovie
What do you call a relation where each element in the domain is related to only one value in the range by some rules?
Charmaine Reply
A banana.
Yaona
given 4cot thither +3=0and 0°<thither <180° use a sketch to determine the value of the following a)cos thither
Snalo Reply
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Mark Reply
nothing up todat yet
Miranda
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Miranda
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jai
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Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
Propessor Reply
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda
state and prove Cayley hamilton therom
sita Reply
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Propessor
hi
Miranda
the Cayley hamilton Theorem state if A is a square matrix and if f(x) is its characterics polynomial then f(x)=0 in another ways evey square matrix is a root of its chatacteristics polynomial.
Miranda
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jai
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Propessor
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Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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