# 5.2 Power functions and polynomial functions  (Page 8/19)

 Page 8 / 19

3

5

3

5

For the following exercises, determine whether the graph of the function provided is a graph of a polynomial function. If so, determine the number of turning points and the least possible degree for the function.

Yes. Number of turning points is 2. Least possible degree is 3.

Yes. Number of turning points is 1. Least possible degree is 2.

Yes. Number of turning points is 0. Least possible degree is 1.

No.

Yes. Number of turning points is 0. Least possible degree is 1.

## Numeric

For the following exercises, make a table to confirm the end behavior of the function.

$f\left(x\right)=-{x}^{3}$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{4}-5{x}^{2}$

$x$ $f\left(x\right)$
10 9,500
100 99,950,000
–10 9,500
–100 99,950,000

$\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{2}{\left(1-x\right)}^{2}$

$f\left(x\right)=\left(x-1\right)\left(x-2\right)\left(3-x\right)$

$x$ $f\left(x\right)$
10 –504
100 –941,094
–10 1,716
–100 1,061,106

$\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{{x}^{5}}{10}-{x}^{4}$

## Technology

For the following exercises, graph the polynomial functions using a calculator. Based on the graph, determine the intercepts and the end behavior.

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}\left(x-2\right)$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{-}$ intercept is The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercepts are $\text{As}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)=x\left(x-3\right)\left(x+3\right)$

$f\left(x\right)=x\left(14-2x\right)\left(10-2x\right)$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{-}$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,0\right)$ . The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercepts are $\text{As}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)=x\left(14-2x\right){\left(10-2x\right)}^{2}$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-16x$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{-}$ intercept is The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercept is $As\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-27$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{4}-81$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{-}$ intercept is The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercept are $\text{As}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)=-{x}^{3}+{x}^{2}+2x$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}-15x$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{-}$ intercept is The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercepts are $\text{As}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-0.01x$

## Extensions

For the following exercises, use the information about the graph of a polynomial function to determine the function. Assume the leading coefficient is 1 or –1. There may be more than one correct answer.

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y-$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,-4\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-$ intercepts are $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,0\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Degree is 2.

End behavior: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty .$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{2}-4$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y-$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,9\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{-}$ intercepts are $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-3,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,0\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Degree is 2.

End behavior: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty .$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y-$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,0\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-$ intercepts are $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,0\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Degree is 3.

End behavior: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty .$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}-4{x}^{2}+4x$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y-$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,1\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(1,0\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Degree is 3.

End behavior: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty .$

The $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y-$ intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,1\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ There is no $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-$ intercept. Degree is 4.

End behavior: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{as}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty .$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{4}+1$

## Real-world applications

For the following exercises, use the written statements to construct a polynomial function that represents the required information.

An oil slick is expanding as a circle. The radius of the circle is increasing at the rate of 20 meters per day. Express the area of the circle as a function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}d,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ the number of days elapsed.

A cube has an edge of 3 feet. The edge is increasing at the rate of 2 feet per minute. Express the volume of the cube as a function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}m,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ the number of minutes elapsed.

$V\left(m\right)=8{m}^{3}+36{m}^{2}+54m+27$

A rectangle has a length of 10 inches and a width of 6 inches. If the length is increased by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ inches and the width increased by twice that amount, express the area of the rectangle as a function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.$

An open box is to be constructed by cutting out square corners of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-$ inch sides from a piece of cardboard 8 inches by 8 inches and then folding up the sides. Express the volume of the box as a function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.$

$V\left(x\right)=4{x}^{3}-32{x}^{2}+64x$

A rectangle is twice as long as it is wide. Squares of side 2 feet are cut out from each corner. Then the sides are folded up to make an open box. Express the volume of the box as a function of the width ( $x$ ).

f(x)=x/x+2 given g(x)=1+2x/1-x show that gf(x)=1+2x/3
proof
AUSTINE
sebd me some questions about anything ill solve for yall
how to solve x²=2x+8 factorization?
x=2x+8 x-2x=2x+8-2x x-2x=8 -x=8 -x/-1=8/-1 x=-8 prove: if x=-8 -8=2(-8)+8 -8=-16+8 -8=-8 (PROVEN)
Manifoldee
x=2x+8
Manifoldee
×=2x-8 minus both sides by 2x
Manifoldee
so, x-2x=2x+8-2x
Manifoldee
then cancel out 2x and -2x, cuz 2x-2x is obviously zero
Manifoldee
so it would be like this: x-2x=8
Manifoldee
then we all know that beside the variable is a number (1): (1)x-2x=8
Manifoldee
so we will going to minus that 1-2=-1
Manifoldee
so it would be -x=8
Manifoldee
so next step is to cancel out negative number beside x so we get positive x
Manifoldee
so by doing it you need to divide both side by -1 so it would be like this: (-1x/-1)=(8/-1)
Manifoldee
so -1/-1=1
Manifoldee
so x=-8
Manifoldee
Manifoldee
so we should prove it
Manifoldee
x=2x+8 x-2x=8 -x=8 x=-8 by mantu from India
mantu
lol i just saw its x²
Manifoldee
x²=2x-8 x²-2x=8 -x²=8 x²=-8 square root(x²)=square root(-8) x=sq. root(-8)
Manifoldee
I mean x²=2x+8 by factorization method
Kristof
I think x=-2 or x=4
Kristof
x= 2x+8 ×=8-2x - 2x + x = 8 - x = 8 both sides divided - 1 -×/-1 = 8/-1 × = - 8 //// from somalia
Mohamed
hii
Amit
how are you
Dorbor
well
Biswajit
can u tell me concepts
Gaurav
Find the possible value of 8.5 using moivre's theorem
which of these functions is not uniformly cintinuous on (0, 1)? sinx
which of these functions is not uniformly continuous on 0,1
solve this equation by completing the square 3x-4x-7=0
X=7
Muustapha
=7
mantu
x=7
mantu
3x-4x-7=0 -x=7 x=-7
Kr
x=-7
mantu
9x-16x-49=0 -7x=49 -x=7 x=7
mantu
what's the formula
Modress
-x=7
Modress
new member
siame
what is trigonometry
deals with circles, angles, and triangles. Usually in the form of Soh cah toa or sine, cosine, and tangent
Thomas
solve for me this equational y=2-x
what are you solving for
Alex
solve x
Rubben
you would move everything to the other side leaving x by itself. subtract 2 and divide -1.
Nikki
then I got x=-2
Rubben
it will b -y+2=x
Alex
goodness. I'm sorry. I will let Alex take the wheel.
Nikki
ouky thanks braa
Rubben
I think he drive me safe
Rubben
how to get 8 trigonometric function of tanA=0.5, given SinA=5/13? Can you help me?m
More example of algebra and trigo
What is Indices
If one side only of a triangle is given is it possible to solve for the unkown two sides?
cool
Rubben
kya
Khushnama
please I need help in maths
Okey tell me, what's your problem is?
Navin