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( 3,6 00 , 2000 ) ; ( 4, 000 , 2001 ) ; ( 4,7 00 , 2003 ) ; ( 6, 000 , 2006 )

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the year depends on the population, to three decimal places of accuracy.

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Predict when the population will hit 12,000.

2027

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What is the correlation coefficient for this model to three decimal places of accuracy?

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According to the model, what is the population in 2014?

7,660

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Chapter practice test

Determine whether the following algebraic equation can be written as a linear function. 2 x + 3 y = 7

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Determine whether the following function is increasing or decreasing. f ( x ) = 2 x + 5

Decreasing

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Determine whether the following function is increasing or decreasing. f ( x ) = 7 x + 9

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Find a linear equation that passes through (5, 1) and (3, –9), if possible.

y = 5 x 24

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Find a linear equation, that has an x intercept at (–4, 0) and a y -intercept at (0, –6), if possible.

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Find the slope of the line in [link] .

This image is a graph of a decreasing linear function on an x, y coordinate plane. The x and y-axis range from -6 to 6. The line passes through the points (0,2) and (1,0).

m = 2

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Write an equation for line in [link] .

This image is a graph showing a decreasing linear function on an x, y coordinate plane. The x and y axis range from -6 to 6. The line passes through the points (0,-1) and (-.5,0).
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Does [link] represent a linear function? If so, find a linear equation that models the data.

x –6 0 2 4
g ( x ) 14 32 38 44

Yes, y = 3 x + 32

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Does [link] represent a linear function? If so, find a linear equation that models the data.

x 1 3 7 11
g ( x ) 4 9 19 12
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At 6 am, an online company has sold 120 items that day. If the company sells an average of 30 items per hour for the remainder of the day, write an expression to represent the number of items that were sold n after 6 am.

y = 30 x + 120

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For the following exercises, determine whether the lines given by the equations below are parallel, perpendicular, or neither parallel nor perpendicular.

y = 3 4 x 9 4 x 3 y = 8

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2 x + y = 3 3 x + 3 2 y = 5

Neither

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Find the x - and y -intercepts of the equation 2 x + 7 y = 14.

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Given below are descriptions of two lines. Find the slopes of Line 1 and Line 2. Is the pair of lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?

Line 1: Passes through ( −2 , −6 ) and ( 3 , 14 )

Line 2: Passes through ( 2 , 6 ) and ( 4 , 14 )

Line 1: m = 4 ; Line 2: m = 4 ; parallel

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Write an equation for a line perpendicular to f ( x ) = 4 x + 3 and passing through the point ( 8 , 10 ) .

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Sketch a line with a y -intercept of ( 0 , 5 ) and slope 5 2 .


This image is a graph showing a decreasing linear function on an x, y coordinate plane. The x and y-axis range from -6 to 6. The line passes through the points (0,5) and (2,0) and a slope of: -5/2.

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Graph of the linear function f ( x ) = x + 6.

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For the two linear functions, find the point of intersection: x = y + 2 2 x 3 y = 1 .

( 7 , 5 )

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A car rental company offers two plans for renting a car.

Plan A: $25 per day and $0.10 per mile

Plan B: $40 per day with free unlimited mileage

How many miles would you need to drive for plan B to save you money?

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Find the area of a triangle bounded by the y axis, the line f ( x ) = 12 4 x , and the line perpendicular to f that passes through the origin.

16.94 square units

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A town’s population increases at a constant rate. In 2010 the population was 65,000. By 2012 the population had increased to 90,000. Assuming this trend continues, predict the population in 2018.

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The number of people afflicted with the common cold in the winter months dropped steadily by 25 each year since 2002 until 2012. In 2002, 8,040 people were inflicted. Find the linear function that models the number of people afflicted with the common cold C as a function of the year, t . When will less than 6,000 people be afflicted?

2083

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For the following exercises, use the graph in [link] , showing the profit, y , in thousands of dollars, of a company in a given year, x , where x represents years since 1980.

This image is a graph showing the company's profit from 1985 at around $15,000 to 2010 at about $32,500.  The x-axis goes from 0 to 30 in intervals of 5 and the y-axis goes from 0 to 35,000 in intervals of 5,000.

Find the linear function y , where y depends on x , the number of years since 1980.

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Find and interpret the y -intercept.

( 0 , 10 , 625 ) ; In 1980, the profit was $10,625,000.

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In 2004, a school population was 1250. By 2012 the population had dropped to 875. Assume the population is changing linearly.

  1. How much did the population drop between the year 2004 and 2012?
  2. What is the average population decline per year?
  3. Find an equation for the population, P , of the school t years after 2004.
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Draw a scatter plot for the data provided in [link] . Then determine whether the data appears to be linearly related.

0 2 4 6 8 10
–450 –200 10 265 500 755


Scatterplot with a collection of points: (0,-450); (2,-200); (4,10); (6,265); (8,500) and (10,755). The data appears linear.

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Draw a best-fit line for the plotted data.

Scatterplot with domain from 2 to 10 and range from 20 from 33.  The points plotted are (2,20); (4,23); (6,26); (8,26); and (10,32).
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For the following exercises, use [link] , which shows the percent of unemployed persons 25 years or older who are college graduates in a particular city, by year.

Year 2000 2002 2005 2007 2010
Percent Graduates 8.5 8.0 7.2 6.7 6.4

Determine whether the trend appears linear. If so, and assuming the trend continues, find a linear regression model to predict the percent of unemployed in a given year to three decimal places.


Scatterplot with a collection of points: (2000,8.5); (2002,8); (2005,7.2); (2007,6.7); and (2010,6.4). The data appears linear

y = 0.219 x + 445.990

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In what year will the percentage drop below 4%?

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Based on the set of data given in [link] , calculate the regression line using a calculator or other technology tool, and determine the correlation coefficient. Round to three decimal places of accuracy.

x 16 18 20 24 26
y 106 110 115 120 125

y = 1.820 x + 77.349 , r = 0.986

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The population of a city increased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs shows the population (in hundreds) and the year over the ten-year span, (population, year) for specific recorded years:

( 4 , 500 , 2000 ) ; ( 4 , 700 , 2001 ) ; ( 5 , 200 , 2003 ) ; ( 5 , 800 , 2006 )

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the year depends on the population. Round to three decimal places of accuracy.

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Predict when the population will hit 20,000.

2070

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What is the correlation coefficient for this model?

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Questions & Answers

find to nearest one decimal place of centimeter the length of an arc of circle of radius length 12.5cm and subtending of centeral angle 1.6rad
Martina Reply
factoring polynomial
Noven Reply
what's your topic about?
Shin Reply
find general solution of the Tanx=-1/root3,secx=2/root3
Nani Reply
find general solution of the following equation
Nani
the value of 2 sin square 60 Cos 60
Sanjay Reply
0.75
Lynne
0.75
Inkoom
when can I use sin, cos tan in a giving question
duru Reply
depending on the question
Nicholas
I am a carpenter and I have to cut and assemble a conventional roof line for a new home. The dimensions are: width 30'6" length 40'6". I want a 6 and 12 pitch. The roof is a full hip construction. Give me the L,W and height of rafters for the hip, hip jacks also the length of common jacks.
John
I want to learn the calculations
Koru Reply
where can I get indices
Kojo Reply
I need matrices
Nasasira
hi
Raihany
Hi
Solomon
need help
Raihany
maybe provide us videos
Nasasira
about complex fraction
Raihany
Hello
Cromwell
a
Amie
What do you mean by a
Cromwell
nothing. I accidentally press it
Amie
you guys know any app with matrices?
Khay
Ok
Cromwell
Solve the x? x=18+(24-3)=72
Leizel Reply
x-39=72 x=111
Suraj
Solve the formula for the indicated variable P=b+4a+2c, for b
Deadra Reply
Need help with this question please
Deadra
b=-4ac-2c+P
Denisse
b=p-4a-2c
Suddhen
b= p - 4a - 2c
Snr
p=2(2a+C)+b
Suraj
b=p-2(2a+c)
Tapiwa
P=4a+b+2C
COLEMAN
b=P-4a-2c
COLEMAN
like Deadra, show me the step by step order of operation to alive for b
John
A laser rangefinder is locked on a comet approaching Earth. The distance g(x), in kilometers, of the comet after x days, for x in the interval 0 to 30 days, is given by g(x)=250,000csc(π30x). Graph g(x) on the interval [0, 35]. Evaluate g(5)  and interpret the information. What is the minimum distance between the comet and Earth? When does this occur? To which constant in the equation does this correspond? Find and discuss the meaning of any vertical asymptotes.
Kaitlyn Reply
The sequence is {1,-1,1-1.....} has
amit Reply
circular region of radious
Kainat Reply
how can we solve this problem
Joel Reply
Sin(A+B) = sinBcosA+cosBsinA
Eseka Reply
Prove it
Eseka
Please prove it
Eseka
hi
Joel
yah
immy
Practice Key Terms 5

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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